Liquidating lei

Chisinau, 13 August /MOLDPRES/- The Official Journal of Moldova on 14 August will publish the government's decision to allocate about 3.2 million lei for liquidating the consequences of emergency to local public administration authorities. PRH - Patentti- ja rekisterihallitus. Main page; Trade Register; Close down a business; Limited liability companies Stock sales are usually straightforward transactions. A stockholder decides to sell a security and receives a certain amount of money per share sold. Capital gains tax must be paid if the sale was in a retail, or non-qualified account. The sale is reported on an Internal Revenue Service capital gains and loss report. Background A case filed under chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code is frequently referred to as a 'reorganization' bankruptcy. An individual cannot file under chapter 11 or any other chapter if, during the preceding 180 days, a prior bankruptcy petition was dismissed due to the debtor's willful failure to appear before the court or comply with orders of the court, or was voluntarily ... Randy Williams, Trustee Of The Luca Liquidating Trust v. Lei (Lily) Lei et al. Randy Williams, Trustee Of The Luca Liquidating Trust v. Lei (Lily) Lei et al Plaintiff: Randy Williams: Defendant: Lei (Lily) Lei, Anthony V. Pollace and Bingqing Yang: Case Number: TXS/4:17-bkyadvy-03375: Related Posts: TelexFree Trustee puts up ~40% recovery plan for vote - May 7th, 2020; TelexFree victims to initially recover 40%, IRS claims resolved - Apr 28th, 2020; TelexFree victims vote for distribution plan - Jul 8th, 2020; Why TelexFree victim distribution payments are taking so long - Apr 17th, 2019; TelexFree victims receive early recovery distribution payments - Aug 1st, 2020 Lei Corporation's bonds have a 30-year maturity, a 10% semiannual coupon ($50 coupon payments are made every six months), a face value of $1,000, and cannot be called. The going nominal annual interest rate (rd) for similar semiannual payment bonds of equivalent risk is 7%. What is the bond's price? LEI: 549300KGPYQZXGMYYN38. Austin. Austin. Pacific Investment Management Company LLC 401 Congress Ave, Ste 2200 Austin, TX 78701. TEL: +1 737-990-3000. Bermuda. Bermuda. Pacific Investment Management Company LLC 26 Reid Street, 7th Floor Hamilton HM 11, Bermuda liquidating brokers, Experts in Manufacturing and Exporting Hydraulic Jeans, Hydraulic Pants and 1 more Products. A Supplier on Alibaba.com. The LEI Margin would cover that risk by charging the incremental risk, if any, to the ... when liquidating a Default Clearing Member’s portfolio of House Cleared Transactions or Non-Ported Cleared Transactions.” A reference to the Vega Margin is also added to paragraph 2.2 (a) (Margin

Millionaires in the USSR

2020.07.24 20:11 Gauss-Legendre Millionaires in the USSR

SOVIET MILLIONAIRES
A Russia Today Pamphlet
Revised Edition (1945) by Reg Bishop
Printed and published by Fairleigh Press (T.U.), Beechwood Rise, Watford, for the Russia Today Society, 150 Southampton Row, London, W.C.1.
THE news that there are Soviet "millionaires" - men and women who have been able to invest a million roubles or more in the country's War Loan - has come as a great surprise and, indeed, with a sense of shock to many people to whom the very word "millionaires" represents an evil influence in society.
Many of these "millionaires" are collective farmers. The emergence of Soviet collective farm millionaires means that Stalin's promise in 1933 that the Soviet Government aimed at making collective farmers well-to-do is on the road to fulfilment.
The very term "millionaire" is misleading, for there are many kinds of millionaires. Before the war one could be a millionaire in sterling, in dollars, in francs or any other currency. The possessor of a million pounds was nearly five times as wealthy as the possessor of a million dollars, and the latter was more than 25 times as wealthy as the possessor of a million francs. The possessor of a million Rumanian lei or Turkish piastres had still less money.
In other words, a rouble millionaire has not the wealth of a sterling millionaire. Even were a rouble millionaire to be possessed of as much money as a sterling one it would still not necessarily be either anti-social or anti-Socialist, because the atmosphere of social inequity which surrounds a millionaire is due not to the measure of his wealth but to the method of its acquisition, and his use of it to exploit others.
In all countries the law smiles upon the acquisition of wealth, but in all countries legal barriers are erected against certain methods of becoming wealthy. In a capitalist country, a man who acquires wealth by robbing a bank or by selling shares for non-existent gold-mines is arrested, tried and sent to gaol if found guilty. In the Soviet Union, a man who becomes wealthy by robbing a bank is also sent to gaol, but the socialist nature of the Soviet State requires it as equally immoral to acquire wealth by the exploitation of the labour of others, or by speculation; that is to say, buying in the cheapest market to sell in the dearest.
These methods are held to imply as great, or even greater, moral obliquity as robbing a bank, hence, whereas it is reasonable to suppose that in a capitalist country millionaires have acquired their status by means of the exploitation of others, or by tricky, though strictly legal, financial manipulations, in the Soviet Union the millionaire has acquired his roubles by his own toil and by services to the Soviet State and people.
The first person to be publicly acclaimed as a millionaire was one, Berdyebekov, a collective farmer from the Central Asiatic Soviet Republic of Kazakstan. Perhaps it is easier to understand how Soviet millionaires are made by studying the career of Berdyebekov than by any amount of abstract and theoretical discussion.
At the time of the Revolution, Berdyebekov was a landless peasant, that is to say, an agricultural labourer. The Revolution gave him land, as it did every other peasant throughout the Soviet Union.
When the drive for collectivisation began, Berdyebekov was one of the first farmers in Kazakstan to realise the benefits it promised to the entire rural population of the Union and to the whole economy. At the end of 1929 his village organised one of the earliest collective farms in Kazakstan. From that day to this he and his family have worked as collective farmers and have seen their farm become one of the most prosperous in the Kazak Republic. In part, this prosperity has been due to the work and initiative of the farmers themselves, and in part, too, to the enterprise of the Soviet State which developed cotton growing in that territory to an enormous extent.
A word would not be out of place here as to the way in which collective farmers distribute their gains at the end of the year. If a farm has 600 members, it does not, at the end of the year, divide its proceeds in cash and kind into 600 equal parts. Each of the members of the collective has a particular job to do, some jobs are more skilled than others and consequently receive higher remuneration. Therefore at the end of the year the total number of workday units performed by the collective as a whole are divided up into the number of workday units performed by each individual member.
For instance, whilst an unskilled man or woman will receive one workday unit for each day's work put in, a tractor driver will receive perhaps one-and-a-quarter workday units for each day's work performed, and a tractor driver who is also a mechanic, capable of repairing and looking after his tractor, may receive one-and-a-half. Similar evaluation is made for every job on the farm.
Berdyebekov and his family have been collective farmers for close on fourteen years. In 1942 the family was credited with 1,500 workday units. Three of his brothers, who worked on the farm in peacetime, are now in the Red Army, one remains on the farm with two sisters and three daughters.
The family had worked hard; the farm is prosperous, the family has accumulated savings, entirely the fruit of their own labour. The sum of slightly more than one million roubles which Berdyebekov subscribed to the Soviet war loan represented the life savings of this family. Soviet conditions and laws do not permit of these savings being invested in private enterprises abroad, and there are no private enterprises suitable for investment in the U.S.S.R. The savings cannot be used either directly or indirectly for the exploitation of others. Neither can they be used for speculation. To what better purpose, then, could they be put than to devote them to their country's war effort? Berdyebekov's gesture lead to similar subscriptions being made by seventeen other Kazak farmers.
It is as astounding as it is magnificent that Soviet collective farmers should be in a position to make such financial contributions to their country's war effort, particularly as in many cases these men are not Russians but members of those races which, twenty-five years ago, were even more poverty-stricken and oppressed than the Russians themselves.
A warm letter of thanks was sent by Stalin to Berdyebekov, the first Soviet millionaire, and in those thanks every British friend of the Soviet Union will want to join.
There has been a great deal of misrepresentation of the position of the Soviet millionaires in the British Press. Even so well-informed a journal as the Economist in its issue of June 19, 1943, suggests that the emergence of these people represents a swing-back of Soviet policy.
"It looks," says the Economist, "as if the 'immoral Kulak' - liquidated thirteen years ago - has been miraculously resurrected. ... Marshal Stalin's letters to the donors have more than a hint of the old 'enrichissez.'"
Another of the allegations made in the Economist is that the collective farmers have become wealthy as a result of inflated prices on the uncontrolled sector of the market. This, maybe, is a contributory factor, but certainly a very subsidiary one. Actually, the facts are as follows: Since 1934, the members of collective farms have been encouraged to retain in their private possession a certain number of dairy cattle, sheep and goats, pigs and fowls, they have been urged to cultivate a garden or allotment for their own use, this varying between half an acre and two acres in extent. The produce of these private holdings has gone in the main to the feeding of the farmer's own family. Any surplus he has been able to dispose of, at whatever it would fetch in the open market.
In wartime the great bulk of foodstuffs was placed on rations from the day of invasion. Such small quantities as were available from sources outside the main stream of supply, such as the small private holdings of the collective farmers, were allowed to be put on the market to fetch what price they could. Naturally this produce fetched high prices, but in the Soviet Union the people who were able to afford these prices and thus to supplement their rations consisted largely of the skilled workers in the heavy industries, whose requirements were greatest.
Of course, in the areas under siege, or where the rations could not be fulfilled, all private trading ceased and goods were commandeered to meet basic requirements.
Although the prices were high, the amount of material available from the small holdings was certainly far from sufficient either to enable the vendors to become millionaires as a result of their trade, or to alter materially the ratio of food distribution.
Despite all that has been said to the contrary, the basis of the Soviet millionaires has and is the steady development of collective farming, compared to which extensions in their trade of goods from their small holdings is insignificant. Neither exploitation nor market speculation enters into the trade in produce from the private holdings of collective farmers.
Nothing could be more inapt than the attempted parallel between the modern collective farmer (no matter how prosperous) and the old Kulak.
What was the Kulak? Literally translated the word means "fist." He was the big fist that hammered the impoverished population of the countryside. He was the individual who enriched himself and his family by the ruthless exploitation of others and by market speculation. He was the bitter enemy of the collectivisation which ended exploitation in the Soviet countryside.
That is why the Soviet authorities set out - and succeeded - to liquidate the Kulaks as a class. Note those last three words. It was not the wealth of the individual Kulak which was resented, but his methods. No exploiting class could be permitted in the Soviet countryside any more than in the Soviet towns. As far back as 1933 Stalin had made the position of the Soviet Government in regard to the Kulak and collectivisation abundantly clear.
The occasion was the first Congress of collective farm shock workers, which was held in Moscow in February, 1933, and at which the present writer was present as a newspaper correspondent. In his report Stalin said:
"The task of the Five-Year Plan in agriculture was to unite the scattered and small individual peasant farms, which lacked the opportunity of utilising tractors and modern agricultural machinery into large collective farms, equipped with all the modern implements of highly developed agriculture and to cover the free land with model Soviet farms. ...
"The Party succeeded, in a matter of three years, in organising more than 200,000 collective farms ... the Party succeeded in uniting more than sixty per cent of the peasant farms which cover more than seventy per cent of the land cultivated by peasants into collective farms ...
"The Party has succeeded in smashing up the Kulaks as a class. The working peasants have been emancipated from Kulak bondage and exploitation and a firm economic basis, the basis of collective farming has been established in the Soviet countryside."
At the concluding session of the Congress, Stalin, yielding to the demand of the delegates that he make another speech, addressed a simple informal talk to this gathering of the best Soviet farmers. In this speech he said:-
"Our achievements are that we have helped millions of poor peasants to join the collective farms. That having joined the collective farms and utilising on them the best land and the best instruments of production, millions of poor peasants have raised themselves to the level of the middle peasants. That millions of poor peasants who formerly lived in a state of semi-starvation are now in the collective farms, are now on the level of middle peasants, are now living in security.
"It means that not less than twenty million poor peasants have been rescued from poverty and ruin, have been rescued from Kulak bondage, and thanks to the collective farms have been transformed into people with a secure living.
"This is a great achievement. This is an achievement that has never been gained in the world before, that no other State in the world has yet gained."
And here Stalin thrilled his rapt audience by the bold and splendidly simple programme he set before them, expressing it in these few words:-
"The next step is to make all the collective farmers well-to-do."
And in case there was any doubt, Stalin reiterated his last words as follows: "Yes, comrades, well-to-do."
All the above rather takes the sting from the Economist gibe "enrichissez-vous."
In 1933 the Soviet Union set out to make its peasant population prosperous on the basis of collective effort, without exploitation. The emergence of Berdyebekov and others like him affords evidence as to how far it has succeeded in this direction. One other misconception emerges in the criticism that is heard on this question. It was embodied in a letter to me, the writer of which said:
"The fact that there are Soviet millionaires does not stick in my gullet, but surely if, having acquired their million roubles by toil, the Soviet millionaires invest them in war loan at four per cent, a class of rentiers is being created which, in time, will become indistinguishable from any similar class in other countries."
The reasoning is flawless, but is based on a misconception and therefore ceases to be valid. On June 4th, 1943, Moscow radio announced:
"The rate of interest payable on the interest-bearing portion of the loan is two per cent per annum. The Commissar for Finance, speaking yesterday on the conditions of issue, said that the interest-bearing portion of the loan is open for subscription by organisations only, that is, by collective farms, etc. Individuals may only subscribe to the lottery prize portion of the loan which provides winnings to one-third of such bonds over the next twenty years. The remaining two-thirds of this portion of the loan will be redeemed at face value at the end of the twenty years."
Thus it will be seen that no subscriber receives interest on his investment, payment of which is reserved for organisations. Instead, he receives a chance in a quarterly prize-drawing, from which one-third of the holders will benefit. The remaining two-thirds receive nothing more than repayment at the end of twenty years.
Such terms would not be likely to appeal to the rentier of any country!
Enthusiasm for the Loan
IN the previous edition of this pamphlet I gave details of the second Soviet War Loan (that of 1943). The target of 12,000 million roubles was over-subscribed within 24 hours. The third War Loan (1944) was fixed at 25,000 million roubles, more than double the previous year's target. This in turn was over-subscribed.
Even prior to the war the Soviet State loans were an annual feature which was closely linked up with the whole plan of socialist construction. In ten years, from 1931 to 1941, the number of subscribers to the State loan grew from 33 million to more than 60 million. Today almost every citizen in the free portion of the Soviet Union is subscribing. And it cannot be too much stressed that the loans are, and always have been, purely voluntary.
In the course of the first Five-Year Plan the loans aggregated 5,900 million roubles; during the second Five-Year Plan the amounts lent by citizens to the State rose to 15,000 million roubles; between 1938 and 1942, when the seriousness of the war threat was fully realised by every Soviet citizen, the amount rose again to 41,000 million roubles. Every year since 1931 has seen an increase in the amount lent.
So far, principal attention has been given to the part played by collective farmers in voluntary contributions to the war. That has been because the sensational character of the contributions made by Berdyebekov and others has concentrated discussion around them. But the effort has been nation-wide, embracing all sections of the population.
Workers, intellectuals, clergy, all have played their part as well as the collective farmers. As is well known, in the latter half of 1942 the Bishops of the Orthodox Church and the leading figures of other denominations vied as to which could make the most generous contribution. But the contributions made by the Church dignitaries does not represent the only effort of the clergy.
Typical of many others is Vladimir Stefanov, priest of the Moscow Church of the Assumption, who donated his life savings, 73,000 roubles, to the Defence Fund last year. In doing so, he wrote the following letter to Stalin:
"As a shepherd of souls, I deeply mourn the fate of our brothers and sisters who fell under the yoke of the fascists in areas temporarily occupied by the Germans and who have suffered unparalleled atrocities and tortures at their hands.
"Being eager to help the Red Army to defeat the enemy as speedily as possible and to clear our sacred Russian land of the fascist vermin, I have deposited with the State Bank all my savings, totalling 73,000 roubles in cash."
Typical of the intellectuals is Professor Galant, of Khabarovsk, who, in sending 12,000 roubles to the Fund wrote:
"The great patriotic movement amongst the collective farmers in our country has found a ready response in the hearts of Soviet intellectuals."
The company of the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow, collected rather more than 700,000 roubles among their number as their contribution to the National Defence Fund.
Then there is the inventor, Livshitz, manager of the Bureau of Inventions of a large factory, who donated 40,000 roubles towards the construction of a Soviet airplane to be called Soviet Inventor. The 40,000 roubles had recently been awarded him as a premium for inventions which has effected a saving of millions of roubles in industry.
Soviet Finance
IN view of the fact that there is not generally available any handy reference book on the subject of Soviet finance, a few brief notes here may not be out of place. In normal times the principal source of Soviet revenue is not an income tax but a turnover tax levied at the source of production on all industrial goods.
The tax varies between half of one per cent and two per cent. In 1940 this tax produced 60 per cent of the total State revenue. The 1941 budget was estimated again on the basis of 60 per cent of revenues from the turnover tax. Of course the invasion in June of that year destroyed the basis of all calculations.
In addition to the turnover tax, there was an agricultural tax levied on collective farms and paid mostly in the form of deliveries in kind of fixed quantities of produce to the State at a low, fixed price considerably below the market price.
In addition to the turnover tax, all trading and industrial organisations were liable to a profit tax, and there was also an income tax which was very low in peace-time, although it has, of course, been very much raised since.
Soviet income tax is based not only on what a man earns, but how he earns it. The lowest taxes are paid by factory workers and office employees in Soviet institutions, in all by over 30 million people. The tax is paid on a monthly basis.
The first 150 roubles is tax free, after which the tax formula works out as follows:-
(This table is taken from Russia Fights On, by Maurice Hindus [Collins])
Earnings (By month, in roubles) Tax Surtax
150-200 1.20 3% above 150
201-300 2.70 3.3% above 200
301-500 6.00 4% above 300
501-700 14.00 5% above 500
701-1,000 24.00 6% above 700
1,001 and up 42.00 7% above 1,000
Collective farmers pay no income tax on their collective farm earnings, but they pay a much higher rate than the industrial workers on the proceeds of their private plots of land, their individually owned livestock, or any other occupation they pursue outside of farming.
The highest tax of all is paid by that small section of Soviet people who still pursue individual occupations with their own tools, such as private dressmakers, the handful of drosky drivers, etc.
Since Russia has been involved in war, the general levy on income has been very considerably increased. Basically, it has been doubled, but many exemptions are in operation. If two or more members of a family are in the armed forces, the remaining breadwinners are exempted from the double tax and pay at pre-war rates. A similar exemption is given to those whose income is less than 500 roubles a month.
On the other hand, those who are of military age, but are exempted from military service, pay three times the normal income tax instead of the double.
Laws of Inheritance
IN March, 1945, the Soviet law of inheritance changed. The new decree was described in the Soviet press as follows:
"A significant step in the development of the Soviet inheritance law as part of the general system of Soviet state measures aimed at protecting the rights of citizens, protecting the rights of owners of personal property and strengthening the family."
The previous law of inheritance limited the circle of heirs both by law and by will.
Heirs could be children, grandchildren, adopted children (and their descendants), husband or wife, and also incapacitated and needy persons who were dependants on the deceased for not less than three years.
The testator could also bequeath his property to State bodies or public organisations. The new law broadens the circle of legal heirs by including parents and brothers and sisters. It also includes a new procedure. Formerly the property was divided into equal portion among all the heirs unless the will contained provision to the contrary. Now there is a definite group which has priority: children (including adopted children), and wife or husband and incapacitated parents, and also other incapacitated persons who were dependants of the deceased for at least one year prior to his death.
The new law introduces a big change into inheritance by will. A person may will his property to one or several of his legal heirs as well as to State bodies and public organisations. But he may not deprive any of his children, who are minors, or who are unable to work, of the portion due to them.
In the absence of legal heirs, the property may be willed to any person of the testator's choice. Formerly it could be willed only within the more limited chain of legal heirs.
There is only one kind of private property in the U.S.S.R., that is personal property (e.g., money, furniture, a house, etc.). There being no such thing as private property in wealth-producing enterprises or in land, these cannot be transferred by legacy.
Guns and Butter
LOOKING over the Soviet scene today we find that far from there having been any departure from the early socialist principles, in actual fact socialism did not become established until in 1934 the Soviet State was able to announce that the exploitation of man by man had ended. A new era was ushered in. Exploitation and speculation were things of the past. The energies of the whole State were diverted to raising the standard of life of the whole people, and making them prosperous and happy. Coincident with this development was the accession to power of Hitler in Germany, which meant that much of the energy and much of the resources which would have gone to raising the standard of the people was perforce devoted to strengthening the instruments of national defence.
Nevertheless, despite an armaments expenditure which doubled and redoubled itself year after year, it was possible right up until 1940 to raise the standards of the people steadily and to increase their social security. Goering had told the Germans that it was impossible to have both guns and butter.
Taking butter to mean the good things of life in general, it is an outstanding fact that in the difficult years of the second half of the 1930's, the Soviet Union was able to give its people guns in abundance and, simultaneously, to give them more butter. Naturally, had it not been necessary to build the guns (which in this context means planes and tanks and battleships and submarines as well), it cannot be doubted that the increase of butter - meaning food of all kinds, good clothes, good houses and the amenities of life - would have been even more rapid than it actually was.
In these circumstances the Soviet Union has produced a handful of rouble millionaires. Some of them famous writers, or inventors, engineers and industrial organisers, others, simple peasants. All have one thing in common - their wealth has been acquired entirely without the taint of exploitation or speculation, the result of their own efforts, and in acquiring it they have benefited not themselves alone, but the whole Soviet State and people.
Surely the emergence of these people must be regarded from any viewpoint as a good portent, one holding out every hope that once this war is over and the invader driven from the land, the Soviet Union, when it has once more set its house in order, will be able to produce, if not a nation of millionaires, a nation of uniformly prosperous and contented people.
Marriage and the Family
BY a decree of July, 1944, big increases of allowances were paid to mothers of large families as follows:
Mothers Non-Recurring Payment (Roubles) Monthly Payment (Roubles)
With 2 children on birth of 3rd 400 -
With 3 children on birth of 4th 1,300 80
With 4 children on birth of 5th 1,700 120
With 5 children on birth of 6th 2,000 140
With 6 children on birth of 7th 2,500 200
With 7 children on birth of 8th 2,500 200
With 8 children on birth of 9th 3,500 250
With 9 children on birth of 10th 3,500 250
With 10 children on birth of each subsequent child 5,000 300
Monthly assistance to mothers with several children to be paid from second year of birth of child until his fifth birthday. Article 3 of the same decree provides State assistance for single (unmarried) mothers for the support of their children. These amount to: 100 roubles monthly for one child, 150 roubles monthly for 2 chilren, 200 roubles monthly for three or more children. State assistance to unmarried mothers is paid until the children reach twelve years of age.
Unmarried mothers with three or more children receive the State assistance laid down in Article 3, in addition to the regular assistance to mothers with many children, which is received in accordance with Article 2 of the same decree.
When an unmarried mother marries, the right to assistance is retained by her. Should an unmarried mother wish to place a child, to which she has given birth, in a children's institution, the latter is obliged to accept the child, to support and bring it up entirely at the expense of the State, the mother having the right at any time to remove the child from the Institution and to bring it up herself. Of course, when the child is in the Institution, State assistance is not paid to the mother.
Red Army Pay
ANOTHER item on which there has been a great deal of misunderstanding concerns army remuneration, the fact that whereas a private soldier gets a mere pittance, Red Army officers receive relatively high pay - a lieutanant gets approximatley 1,000 roubles a month, a colonel something over 2,000 roubles, and so on for the higher grades.
The Soviet citizen who is conscripted into the Forces must be found employment not less remunerative than that which he was pursuing at the time of his enrolment. If he is totally incapacitated, he will receive a pension equivalent to what he would have been earning had he been able to return to industry. Should he be partially incapacitated, that is to say, only able to undertake employment less remunerative than he would normally have been able to do, a person will make up his rate of pay to what he would otherwise have received.
Obviously, Soviet millionaires are not going to develop on the pay of a ranker, but equally obviously this is no question of class differentiation, but one of sound socialist policy, in line with the general wages policy of the U.S.S.R.
Every male citizen is liable to military service in the U.S.S.R.; for a limited period of time he gives his services to the State, receiving in return a pocket-money allowance. At the end of that time he returns to civil life, usually better equipped for his vocation than when he was called up. Although his remuneration in the army has been tiny, he has had so many free services - postage, travel, cleaning materials, entertainment, smokes, etc. - that he has been at least as well off as soldiers in the armies of other countries.
But the case of the man who stays on to become an officer is of an entirely different character. He is making his career in the forces as another is making his in industry, on the farm, in literature, etc. He therefore is entitled to the same degree of remuneration, if he is successful, as the man who is a good collective farmer, a Stakhanovite worker, a successful novelist, and so on.
And in the Red Army there is no question of promotion for any reason other than merit.
Listen to what Godfrey Blunden, famous Australian newspaper correspondent had to say about the Soviet generals in an article of the Evening Standard of May 25, 1943:-
"All the Soviet generals whom I have ever met had the look of hard-worked men who had never had any spare time on their hands, men who had had a hard struggle to rise to the ordinary level of education - which a class-selected British officer, for example, has by natural right - even before he had turned his mind to the arduous job of learning his trade. There is no comfort in being a general in Russia. ...
"I have heard it suggested that in granting privileges to generals, Stalin is creating a new class. That does not seem right to me."
No matter whether one looks at the generals, the successful collective farmers, the outstanding intellectuals, the Stakhanovites of industry or any other successful men and women in Russia, one finds that the millionaires, far from being those who have successfully battened on others, are in fact, those who have put much more into the common pool than they have taken out.
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2020.07.24 05:53 AvalancheZ250 Draconite - The substance that underpins the magic and Corruption, possibly

So, the new reveal trailer revealed a glowing, green crystal that Astrea is holding in her right hand. The devs said this is called draconite. Well, what's so interesting about this? Lets list the most relevant facts:
Now, here's where it gets interesting. I believe the following:
Additionally, these excerpts from the Zhanhu's Gambit event:
It appears the Emperor and the Zhanhu hid a secret artifact from the Blackstones in the fortress...
You realize that someone came here first for the artifact... A lone Warden... Who is she?
From this information, I believe that Sun Da was experimenting with draconite to try and find new alchemical uses for it. The Blackstones wanted Sun Da's purple fire WMD, but instead they just took the draconite and some of his research, and eventually created the "Corruption".
A lot of this sounds like pulling together random lore pieces, and it is, but I believe there's a pattern here. For Honor lore is scattered all over the place and is confusing at times, but right now we are in the middle of a lore dump so I urge everyone to review as many lore pieces (both new and old) as possible and see if you can make any connections.
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2020.07.21 02:25 Dyingatheist13 Comprehensive TMR farming suggestions

I see from time to time again questions about which TMR to farm for. This post will be a comprehensive list of TMRs you might want to consider farming for or at least keep a copy or two of the unit to farm eventually in the future. I will try to divide the items into categories. Only TMRs that have a higher impact will be included in this list.
*denote limited time units

Evasion
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Dark Knight Leon 5 Defender 1H Sword ATK +135, DEF +25%, P evade +10%
Basch 5 Zodiac Eschutcheon H Shield DEF +60, SPR +70, Lightning resist +50%, P evade +10%
King Bradley * 5 King Bradley's Eyepatch Hat ATK +45, P evade +10%
Dracu Lasswell * 5 Vampire Cloak Clothes DEF +20, MAG +30, SPR +30, P evade +10%
Sazh 3 Twenty-sided Die Accessory Crit +20%, P evade +20% (does not stack)
Cowboy Jake * 4 Pocket Watch Accessory DEF +3, HP +15%, P evade +10%
Therion * 4 Therion's Scarf Accessory ATK +12, DEF +26, P evade +25%
Noctis 5 Ring of the Lucii Accessory MAG/SPR +3, ATK/MAG +30%, Enable alterna, death, holy, P evade +25%
Rico Rodriguez * 5 Protec Grappler G3 Accessory ATK +40, P evade +25%
Aloha Lasswell 5 Colorful Lei Accessory ATK +45, P evade +25%, P TDW +25%
Kitone * 5 Saiga Gauntlet Accessory HP +142, ATK +43, DEF +26, P evade +20%
Cyan 3 Evade Materia P evade +10%
Shine 4 Quick Assault Materia ATK +30%, P evade +10%
Yda * 4 Spirit of Freedom Materia ATK +15, P evade +10%
Neisha 4 Fortune Teller's Vision Materia P evade +10%, Null paralyze and confuse

Offensive Physical gear
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Wild Rose Firion 5 Red Sword 2H Sword ATK +135, Restore 25% HP from P damage delt
Conrad 3 Revolving Saw 2H G Sword ATK +130
Galas 3 Big Chopper 2H G Sword ATK +130, DEF +10%
Squall 5 Lion Heart 2H G Sword ATK +150
Zack 5 Buster Sword 2H G Sword ATK +145, HP/MP +10%
Ellesperis 5 Onimaru+ 2H Katana ATK +140, SPR +30, P Demon killer +25%
Tomoe 4 Lagoa 2H Gun ATK +130
Amber 4 Fatal Knuckles 2H Fist ATK +130
Hayate 3 Black Cowl Hat ATK +28, DEF +25, SPR+25, Null sleep
Zile 4 Bombardier's Bicorne Hat ATK +36, DEF +31, Null paralyze
Zeid 4 Zeid's Mask Hat ATK +40, DEF +12, Null blind
Prishe 5 Prishe's Hairpin Hat ATK +45, HP/MP +10%
Regina 5 Power Amplifier Hat ATK +40, DEF/SPR +25, ATK +30% with gun
Ardyn 5 Ardyn's Hat Hat ATK +40, Dark +20%, Auto-regen, Recover MP +10%/turn, LB fill +2/turn
Untamed Wolf Edel 5 Nightbringer Wolf's Hairpin Hat ATK +45, ATK break resist +50%
Mystical Ice Lasswell 5 Ice Demon's Crown Hat ATK +48, DEF +22, MAG +40, ATK +30% with katana, Ice resist +30%
Nagflar 4 Dwarf General's Helmet Helm ATK +34, DEF +37, Null confuse
Fohlen 5 Rider's Helm Helm ATK +28, DEF +60, Null disease/petrify
Atoning Dragoon Kain 5 Dragoon Helmet Helm ATK +40, DEF +28, WateWind resist +20%
Zeno of the Beta Star 5 Obsidian Helm Helm ATK +42, DEF +20, MP +20%, LB fill rate +50%
Eleven * 5 Erdwin's Coronet Helm ATK +40, DEF +21, LB damage +20%
Suzume 4 Suzume's Kimono Clothes ATK +21, DEF +36, ATK +20% with katana
Hyoh 5 Hyoh's Clothes Clothes ATK +28, DEF +42, ATK +30% with great sword
Sephiroth (KH) * 5 Sephiroth's Longcoat Clothes ATK +30, DEF/SPR +18, HP/ATK +20% with katana
Karten * 5 Scarlet Moon Clothes ATK +35, DEF +30, ATK +50% with fist
Aldore King Rain 5 King Rain's Armor H Armor ATK +28, DEF +45, HP +10%, LB damage +30%
Falma 3 Flapping Wings Accessory ATK +30, Jump damage +50%
Franis 4 Hard Gauntlet Accessory ATK +40, DEF +3, HP +10%, Null blind
Elfreeda 5 Marshal Glove Accessory ATK +40, P TDH +50%, LB fill +2/turn
Arngrim * 5 Star Guard Accessory ATK +40, Light resist +30%, P Evade +10%, Enable star guard
Cloud (KH) * 5 Cloud's Cloak Accessory ATK +40, DEF/SPR +10, P TDH +50%
Esther 5 Storm Kickers Accessory ATK +45, DEF +10, HP +20%, LB damage +15%
Akstar 5 Rush Glove Accessory ATK +40, P TDH +50%, LB fill rate +50%
Red XIII 5 Seraph Comb Accessory ATK +50, ATK +10%, MP +20%
Flammie * 5 Flammie Drum Accessory ATK +50, HP/MP +20%
Warrior of Light Bartz 5 Hermes Sandals Accessory ATK +40, P TDW +50%, LB fill +2/turn
Godrea * 5 Photon Core Accessory ATK +40, P TDH +50%, P Fairy/Undead killer +50%
Awakened Onion Knight 5 Onion Boots Accessory ATK +40, P TDW +50%, Recover MP +5%/turn
Tifa (FFVII:AC) 5 Tifa's Gloves Accessory ATK +45, P TDH +50%, Counter chance +30%
Ravus 4 Keeping Back the Dark Materia ATK +40%, Dark resist +50%
Macmedi 4 Machine Power Materia ATK +40%, Null paralyze and petrify
Gravey 4 Disparate Swordsman Materia ATK +50% with katana, ATK +20% with clothes
Pertira 4 Life of the Laboratory Materia ATK +40%, Null confuse
Great Dragon * 4 Way of the Dragon Materia ATK +20%, ATK +40% with fist
Diezell 4 Fierce Greatsword User Materia ATK +50% with great sword, +20% with H armor
Juraga of the Nu Star 4 Crossing the Land Materia ATK +30%, ATK +40% with spear
Veritas of the Dark 5 Sworn Six's Pride - Dark Materia ATK +30% with great sword, ATK +30% with H armour
Loren 5 Awesome Swordsman Materia Enable DW, ATK +15% with katana/sword/daggegreat sword
Duke 5 Dragoon's Pride Materia ATK +30% with spear, ATK +30% with helm
Cloud 5 Buster Style Materia P TDH +100%
Explorer Aileen * 5 Tomb Raider Materia HP +20%, P TDH +50%, counter chance +25%, LB fill +2/turn
Raegen 5 Hero's Vow - Dark Materia LB fill rate +50%, ATK +30% with katana/sword/daggegreat sword
Nalu 5 Swift Hunter Materia ATK +25%, P TDH +50%
Adam Jensen * 5 TF 29 Agent Materia P TDW +20%, ATK +30% with gun/sword/throwing weapon/fist
Shadow Lord 5 Devourer of Shadows Materia ATK +30% with sword/helm
Estark * 5 The Lord of the Underworld Materia ATK +60 with sword, LB fill +2/turn
Lucius * 5 Chaotic Ferocity Materia ATK +30% with fist/clothes
Tifa 5 Soaring Heart Materia ATK +30% with fist/hat
Vincent 5 Past Regrets Materia ATK +60%, SPR -10%
Auron 5 Legendary Guardian Materia ATK +60% with katana, Null confuse, disease, petrify
Ignacio 5 Hero's Vow - Fire Materia ATK +30% with axe, P TDH +50%, LB fill rate +50%
Dark Knight Luneth 5 Dark Knight's Knowledge Materia ATK +30%, P TDH +50%, P Demon killer +50%
Cid 5 Hero's Vow - Wind Materia P TDH +50%, Jump damage +75%, LB fill rate +50%
Crimson 5 A Hero's Bond Materia ATK +30% with great sword/clothes/light armour
Citan * 5 Multi-Melee Master Materia ATK +30% with katana/fist, P TDH +50%
Yego 5 Whip Expert Materia MP +20%, P TDH +50%
Monk Sabin of Kolts 5 Long Training Pays Off Materia ATK +60% with fist, auto-regen
Dressy Aileen 5 Elegant Gunner Materia ATK +60% with gun, Null blind, sleep, paralyze
Radiant Lightning 5 Dual Form Materia P TDW +100%
Adventurer Locke 5 First-Rate Treasure Hunter Materia ATK +60% with dagger, Null charm
Jasper Unbound * 5 The Strategist Materia HP +20%, ATK +30%, ATK +30% with fist
Jade * 5 Allure Skills Materia ATK +40%, ATK +20% with clothes
Agent Olive 5 Advanced Weaponry Materia P TDH +100%, LB gauge +1-3/turn
Physalis 5 Twin Gunner Materia MP +20%, ATK +30% with gun, P TDW + 50%
Holy Knight Amelia & Emilia * 5 Sisters of Winter Materia ATK +20%, ATK +30% with daggegun, Ice/Light resist +20%
Hess King Lasswell 5 Blade Art Succession Materia ATK +50% with katana, P TDH +50%
Madam Edel 5 Leader of the Soiree Materia ATK +30%, ATK +20% with gun/fist
Lilisette 5 Dance Master Materia ATK +40%, ATK +30% with dagger
Star Player Tidus 5 Ace of Aces Materia ATK +30%, P TDH + 50%, Water resist +30%, LB gauge +1/turn
Yuna (FFX-2) 5 Rookie Sphere Hunter Materia ATK +40%, Light/Dark resist +50%
Rakish Thief Zidane 5 Thievery Materia ATK +40 with dagger, ATK +30% with sword
Supreme Deva Akstar 5 Asura Synergy Materia ATK +60% with katana, Null confuse, P Human killer +25%
Cloud (FFVII:AC) 5 Courage to Move On Materia ATK +60%, LB damage +30%
War Hero Raegen 5 Odin Synergy Materia ATK+30 with daggesword/great sword/katana, P TDW +25%
Sterne Leonis 5 Fated Prince Materia ATK +50%, P TDH +50%

Offensive Magical gear
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Summertime Luka 4 Chic Summer Hat Hat DEF +21, MAG/SPR +40, Fire resist +50%
Maria (Xenogears) * 5 Maria's Goggles Hat DEF +30, MAG +52, Light +40%
Wizardess Shantotto 5 Wizard's Petasos Hat MP +25, DEF +20, MAG +52, MAG +15%, Lightning resist +20%
Yunalesca 5 Yunalesca's Circlet Hat MAG/SPR +43, Null disease, petrify
Sakura of the Delta Star 5 Delta Star's Headband Hat MP +50, DEF +25, MAG +50, Lightning resist +50%
Heliarc 4 Magic Circlet Helm DEF +40, MAG +52
Seabreeze Dark Fina 5 Dark Fina's Swimsuit Clothes DEF +21, MAG +60, Water +50%, Auto-refresh
Sweet Nichol 5 Valentine Tuxedo Clothes MP +120, DEF +12, MAG +60, SPR +20, Ice resist +30%
Lotti 3 Lotti's Robe Robe DEF/SPR +25, MAG +30%, HP +10%, MAG +20%
Victoria 4 Dark Robe Robe DEF +35, MAG +55, SPR +20, Dark resist +30%
Maritime Strategist Nichol 5 Strategic Cape Robe DEF +40, MAG +52, SPR +38, MP +20%, Ice/Water resist +50%
Tsukiko 5 Priestess's Attire Robe HP +100, MAG +60, SPR +35, MP +10%, Enable Spirit Fire - Fox Claw
Sol 5 Astral Robe Robe DEF +15, MAG +65, SPR +42, MP +10%
Lezard Valeth * 5 Lezard's Cloak Robe DEF +28, MAG +55, SPR +42
Vesvia 4 Nutkin Hairpin Accessory MAG +40, MAG +40%
White Knight Noel * 5 Ice Rosetta Accessory DEF/MAG +50, Ice resist +25%
Christine * 5 Snowbear Accessory MAG +50, SPR +30, Enable snowbear guard
Circe 5 Facade of Balance Accessory MAG +45, MP +20%, MAG +30%, LB fill rate +50%
Freya (VP) * 5 Ether Laser Accessory MAG +55, MP +20%
Qin * 5 Exquisite Hairpiece Accessory DEF +5, MAG +40, HP +20%, M TDH +35%
Mordegon * 5 Mordegon's Cloak Accessory DEF +22, MAG +50, Dark +40%
Dark Mage Exdeath 5 Dark Ring Accessory DEF +6, MAG +52, MAG +10%, Dark resist +30%
Archmage Kefka 5 Archmage's Mantle Accessory DEF +12, MAG +50, SPR +10, Null silence, confuse, petrify
Kaliva * 4 Unmatched Wizardry Materia SPR +10%, M TDH +50%
Magna 4 Magical Potential Materia MP +10%, M TDH +50%
Deuce 4 Kindness Materia MAG +40%, Fire resist +50%
Reis 4 Dragon's Tribe Materia MAG +40%, Fire/Ice/Lightning resist +30%
Mediena 5 Quintessence Materia Enable DW, MAG +15% with rod and robe
Karlette 5 Magic Charger Materia M TDH +100%
High Seraph Ultima 5 Untrue Saint Materia MAG +30% with hat/robe
Veronica * 5 Channel Anger Materia MAG +40%, M TDH +50%
Operative Zyrus 5 Top Operative Materia MAG/MP +30%, MAG +20% with rod, M TDH +50%
White Lily Dark Fina 5 Sorceress of Hess Materia MAG +50% with robe, Fire/Earth/Dark resist +20%
Black Mage Vivi 5 Black Mage's Potential Materia MAG +50% with rod, Fire/Ice/Lightning resist +20% with hat
Four Winds Physalis 5 Tetra Sylphid Synergy Materia MAG +50%, MP +20%, Enable DW

Offensive Hybrid gear
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Nagi 5 Black Fox Shapeshifter Mask Hat ATK/MAG +40, DEF +10, SPR +12
Levinson * 5 Mistletoe Clip Hat ATK/MAG +40, Fire/Ice/Wind/Earth resist +15%
Gilgamesh (WOTV FFBE) * 5 Helmet of the Sworn Helm ATK/MAG +45, DEF/SPR +25
Aurora Fryevia 5 Fryevia's Suit Robe ATK/MAG +30, DEF/SPR +1, ATK/MAG +10%, Light resist +30%
Kurasame 5 Iceblade Hilt Accessory ATK/MAG +40, MP +50, Ice resist +50%
Rab * 5 Meteorite Bracer Accessory ATK/MAG +40, LB fill rate +100%
Kyanos 4 Heart Overcoming Hatred Materia LB damage +50%, LB gauge +1.5/turn
Crown Prince Noctis 5 The Astral's Protection Materia ATK/MAG +40%, LB damage +30%
Seifer 5 Gunblade Wielder Materia P TDH +50%, P evade +10%
Lone Lion Squall 5 The Mightiest Materia P TDH + 50%, LB damage +50%

Defensive equipment
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Neverending Hope 5 Survival Knife Dagger ATK +18, MAG +117, +SPR +105
Warrior of Dawn Galuf 5 Galuf's Sword 1H Sword ATK +130, DEF +30, HP +20%
Beatrix 5 Save the Queen 1H G Sword ATK +135, Fire resist +30%, LB fill rate +25%
Überkilling Machine * 4 Sledgehammer Hammer ATK +103, HP +20%, P Human killer +50%
Fujin & Raijin 4 Raijin's Staff Mace ATK +120, DEF +15, MAG +100, HP +10%
Lilith * 5 Midnight Star Mace ATK +15, SPR +95, HP +20%, DEF/SPR +10%
Summer Folka & Citra 5 Summer Parasol Staff ATK +15, MAG +58, SPR +120, SPR +20%, EVO gauge +1/turn
Iris 3 Moogle Plushie L Shield DEF/SPR +25, Draw attack +30%
Yan * 4 Lunar Parasol L Shield DEF +24, SPR +58, Null silence, confuse, petrify
Liquid Metal Slime * 4 Metal Slime Shield L Shield DEF +49, Null poison, sleep, paralyze, confuse, disease, petrify
Slime Knight * 4 Slime Shield L Shield DEF/SPR +48, Water resist +50%
Leo 3 Aegis Shield H Shield DEF +53, SPR +25, Null petrify
Shatal 4 Shield Connector H Shield DEF +24, SPR +76
Wilhelm 5 Shield of the Empire H Shield DEF/SPR +65
Gladiolus 5 Ziedrich H Shield DEF +70, SPR +35, HP +15%, Enable ziedrich
Lucas * 5 Pridwen H Shield DEF +30, SPR +70, Fire/Lightning/Dark resist +25%
Aria 4 Aria's Ribbon Hat DEF +15, SPR +45, MP +15%, Water resist +20%
Lotus Mage Fina 5 Hairpin of Purity Hat DEF +10, MAG +24, SPR +51, Null all ailments
Myra 5 Aegyo Hat MAG +20, SPR +55, Fire/Light resist +40%
Sacred Shield Charlotte 5 Royal Circlet Hat HP +200, MP +50, DEF +25, SPR +50, HP/MP +10%
Nichol of the Epsilon Star 5 Epsilon Star's Mask Hat DEF +30, SPR +47, Ice/Water resist +40%
Zargabaath 5 Judge Helm Helm DEF +35, SPR +20, Fire/Ice/Lightning/WateWind/Earth/Light resist +15%
Celes 3 Minerva Bustier Clothes DEF +47, SPR +45, Fire/Ice/Lightning/Wind resist +30% (Female only)
Edward 3 Vishnu Vest Clothes DEF/SPR +36, MP +15%, Fire/Ice/Lightning/Light/Dark resist +25%
Sara 3 Sara's Robe Robe DEF +15, MAG +20, SPR +55, Wind resist +30%
Olif 4 Robe of Forgiveness Robe DEF +30, SPR +55, HP +10%
Marie 5 Rainbow Robe Robe DEF/MAG/SPR +45, Fire/Ice/Lightning/WateWind/Earth/Light resist +30%
Kimono Ayaka 5 Ayaka's Kimono Robe DEF +22, SPR +68, Light resist +30%, Esper's bonus stats +10%
Serena * 5 Serenica's Surplice Robe DEF +34, MAG +29, SPR +67, MP +10%, Null confuse, Charm resist +50%
Doctor Aiden 5 Aiden's Trench Coat Robe DEF +25, SPR +65, Null all ailments
Kaede 4 Samurai Princess's Armor L Armor DEF +50, SPR +32, Fire/Lightning/Dark resist +25%
Ozetta 4 Ozetta's Armor H Armor DEF/SPR +65
Friese 4 Mind Protector H Armor DEF +40, SPR +101, Auto-refresh
Knight Delita 5 Grand Armor H Armor DEF +72, SPR +28, HP +15%
Kefka 3 Ribbon Accessory MAG/SPR +5, Null all ailments
Freya 3 Angel Earrings Accessory ATK +2, MP +20%, Dark resist +50%, Auto-regen
Kupipi 3 Portal Charm Accessory DEF +3, MAG +15%, Fire/Light/Dark resist +30%
Mim 3 Fairy's Scrunchie Accessory DEF/SPR +15, HP +20%, Null confuse
Domino 3 Domino's Boots Accessory DEF/SPR +3, HP +20%, DEF +15%, Null paralyze
Brother 3 Brother's Goggles Accessory ATK/DEF +20, Water resist +30%, Null blind
Cupid Artemios * 4 Soluna Band Accessory HP/DEF +20%, Light/Dark resist +25%
Ashe 4 Ashe's Ring Accessory DEF +3, MP/MAG +30%, Light resist +50%
Pirate Jake * 4 Jake's Pirate Ring Accessory DEF/SPR +20%, HP +25%, LB gauge +1/turn, LB fill +20%
Primrose * 5 Primrose's Necklace Accessory DEF +16, SPR +40, SPR +40%, Null petrify
Sylvie 5 Twin Bunny Clips Accessory DEF/SPR +35, Fire/Light/WateWind/Dark resist +5%, Lightning, Earth, Light resist +15%
A.I. Katy * 5 Anti-Virus Software Accessory DEF/SPR +30, DEF/SPR +10%, Null all ailments, Enable installation program
Lunafreya 5 Lunafreya's Necklace Accessory MP +75, DEF +24, MAG +24, SPR +52, SPR +20%, Water resist +30%
Emperor Foo * 5 Enchiridion of Warfare Accessory ATK/DEF +15, MAG/SPR +30, Enable ancient warfare
Sweet Luka 5 Sweet Earrings Accessory HP +300, DEF +45, MAG +30, SPR +45, HP +30%, Water resist +30%
Rikku (FFX-2) 5 Faerie Earrings Accessory DEF/SPR +30%, Null poison, sleep, silence, confuse. Lightning resist +30%

Defensive Materia
Unit Rarity TMR Description
Garnet 3 Melody of Life All elements resist +20%
Shepard 3 Successor's Talent HP +15%, WateWind/Earth resist +30%
Tilith * 4 Goddess's Protection Null all ailments
Seven 4 Discernment Null all ailments
Rasler 4 Patriotic Recall HP +30%, DEF +20%, Light resist +30%
Crowe 4 Thirst for Survival HP/SPR +30%
Barusa * 4 Cowered Courage DEF +30%, Earth resist +30%, Enable primal instinct
Leopold 4 Gust Mane HP +30%, DEF +20%, Wind resist +30%
Chocobo Rain * 4 Chocobo Adventure! HP/MP +20%, ATK/DEF/MAG/SPR +30%
Kryla * 5 Magic Sanctuary SPR +15%, All elements resist +25%, LB fill +1/turn
Awakened Rain 5 Protector of Lapis HP +20%, SPR +40%, LB fill +2/turn
Citra 5 Hero's Vow - Light SPR +60%, LB fill +50%, Dark resist -30%
Beryl 5 Light's Vengeance HP +40%, MAG/SPR +30%
Sieghard 5 Hero's Vow - Earth HP +30%, DEF/SPR +20%, LB fill rate +50%, Earth resist +30%
Aerith 5 Planet Whisperer SPR +50%, LB gauge +2/turn
Olberic * 5 Wandering Warrior HP +40%, DEF/SPR +20%, Null paralyze
Warrior of Light Lenna 5 Tranquil Healing SPR +50%, Increase cur- mods (1x)
Chocobo Fina 5 I Love Chocobos! HP/MP +20%, Null all ailments
Paladin Cecil 5 Mark of the Paladin HP +30%, SPR +30% with H Shield/H Armor
Sakura & Ayaka * 5 Loving Spirit HP +10%, SPR +30%, SPR +30% with staff
Hallowed Aegis Charlotte 5 Alexander Synergy DEF/SPR +30%, HP +20% with H Shield, Light resist +40%
Lightning (FFXIII-2) 5 Etro's Champion HP +20%, DEF/SPR +40% with sword


Killers equipment
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Zyrus 4 Draco Spike Rod ATK +30, MAG +101, M Dragon killer +75%
Reberta 5 Crimson Blood Spear ATK +145, P/M Dragon killer +50%, Jump damage +50%
Ang * 5 Sun Breaker 2H Bow ATK +145, P Bird/Dragon killer +50%
Aelia * 4 Aelia's Armor H Armor ATK +20, DEF +40, P Dragon killer +50%
King Giott 2 Stone Killer Materia P Stone killer +50%
Ollie 2 Aquan Killer Materia P Aquatics killer +50%
Skaha 2 Dragon Killer Materia P Dragon killer +50%
Edgar 3 Machine Killer Materia P Machine killer +50%
Faris 3 Syldra's Protection Materia P Aquatics/Dragon killer +50%
Mario Frigo * 4 Frigo and Etcetera Materia ATK +20%, P Machine killer +50%
Yubel 4 Repear of the Dust Storm Materia ATK +40%, P Plant killer +50%
Barbariccia 5 Barbariccia's Spirit Materia HP +30%, M Human/Beasts/Birds/Stone killer +50%
King Edgar of Figaro 5 Master of Machinery Materia ATK +40%, MP +20%, P Machine killers +50%
Assassin Shadow 5 Heartless Assasin Materia ATK +50% with katana, P Human killer +50%

Support/Miscellaneous
Unit Rarity TMR Type Description
Abel 3 Bowie Knife Dagger ATK +82, Enable DW
Tinkerer Carrie * 4 Thinkererbow 1H Bow ATK +102, SPR +20
Medius 3 Growth Egg Accessory EXP +50%
Latyl 3 Guardian Visor Accessory SPR +30%, Enable equip L shield
Rikku 4 Rikku's Pouch Accessory DEF +3, Enable various abilities
9S * 4 Pod 153 Accessory DEF/SPR +8, Enable various abilities
Verun 4 Craftsman Secret Book Accessory DEF +11, SPR +6, Enable self fire, wind or earth imbue
Gilgamesh 5 Gengi Glove Accessory ATK/MAG +10%, Enable DW
Trance Terra 5 Soul of Thamasa Accessory DEF/SPR +12, MP +30%, Enable DC
Heavenly Technician Lid5 5 Invigorator Accessory MP +35, DEF +10, Auto-heal, MP regen +10%, LB fill +2/turn
Eldin 1 Pilfer Materia Steal gil (70-100%) from one enemy
Penelo 3 Equip S Sword Materia Allow equip daggers
Garland 3 Equip L Sword Materia Allow equip great swords
Firion 3 Equip H Armor Materia Allow equip heavy armours
Zidane 3 Dual Wield Materia Enable DW
Roselia 3 Equip Staff Materia Allow equip staves
Artemios 3 Equip Bow Materia Allow equip bows
Lani 3 Equip Axe Materia Allow equip axes
Ludmille 3 Dualcast Materia Enable DC
Charlotte 3 Equip H Shield Materia Allow equip H shields
Fang 3 Equip Spear Materia Allow equip spears
Thief * 4 Coin Steal Materia Fixed physical (2x) to one enemy, Steal gil (70-100%) from one enemy
Nine 4 Action Materia EXP +50%
Isaaru 4 Bonds with the Aeons Materia EVO MAG +20%, Fill evo gauge 1-2/turn
Abbreviations
P = physical ; M = magical; DC = Dualcast; TDW = True dual wield; TDH = True double hand

Hopefully I covered everything up to now.
Cheers.
submitted by Dyingatheist13 to FFBraveExvius [link] [comments]


2020.07.17 03:10 dontfeedthenerd How to choose the right kite/ Why does your kite fly the way it does? (LEI's only)

I'm writing up this guide to go over some properties of kites and how they affect how a kite feels in your hands. Hopefully I'll be able to help define some typical terms you'll see tossed around. I'll follow this up by going over what some desired traits for some typical kiteboarding disciplines as well as quick snippets on what to look for in "marketing speak."
Disclaimer: I work for Tona. I will be referencing our kite and some of its properties and the design process we went through to give y'all real life examples. I'm sorry if I left your favorite kite off of the suggested kite list, please feel free to message me and I'll edit.

Kite Properties

These are some of the knobs that a kite designer can tweak when designing a kite.
Aspect Ratio
Aspect ratio is defined as taking the width from wing tip to wing tip and dividing it by the length from leading edge to trailing edge. A higher aspect ratio kite looks long and skinny. A lower aspect ratio kite looks short and fat.
A higher aspect ratio kite is going to fly much faster than a comparably sized lower aspect ratio kite. They excel at sitting at the edge of the window so go upwind a easiebetter than a comparably lower aspect ratio kite. Due to the shape they will also jump higher and glide better than a lower aspect ratio kite. The tradeoff is that they are harder to relaunch and are also much more prone to backstalling when the angle of attack gets too high for the amount of wind that the kite is experiencing. An example of a high performance high aspect ratio kite is the Cab Apollo (I just realized they stopped making this kite, I think the AV8 is their replacement?) . It was built to boost big and go fast.
A lower aspect ratio kite is going to loop a lot tighter and turn a lot quicker. Relaunch is easier, and it is much less sensitive to backstalling. They drift downwind a lot better and are in general more stable. Because of the shape they tend to have more depower compared to a higher aspect ratio kite.
Square vs. Rounded wingtips
The shape of the wingtip will affect how a kite flies and relaunches.
A squared off wingtip makes relaunching more difficult. This is why old school super aggro C kites needed a special technique. They were high aspect, C shaped and had squared off wingtips, all contributing to a shite relaunch. A squared off wingtip will allow the kite to really power through turns giving a much more smooth feel through a loop. It will also tend to be more stable when there is slack in the lines.
A rounded or swept back wingtip will improve relaunch. The kite won't be as stable with slack in the lines and it will pivot through a turn more. Tapered or rounded wing tips generally mean a kite is going to be much more user friendly.
Arc of kite
So the Arc of the kite is how flat or C shaped the kite is when viewing it straight on. A flatter kite tends to be referred to as a Bow Kite. If the kite is more C shaped it is referred to as a C kite. Nowadays there are a ton of Hybrids as well that are somewhere in between.
The flatter the kite the better depower it has as you sheet in/sheet out on the bar or trim. The flatter the kite, the more it will need bridles to keep its shape. A flatter kite will also give you an easier jumping experience as they have more of a "sheet in and boost" feel. The flatter the kite the more glidey it's going to feel and the more hang time it will give you.
A more C shaped kite is going to give you a greater impulse and will rip you off of the water much more aggressively. They will turn faster than a comparable bow kite size and fly much more forward in the window. A c shaped kite has more canopy on the sides of the kite compared to the top of the kite. This also allows it to be much more stable with slack in the lines. Because of the greater impulse a C kite generates, it will also tend to generate more slack in the lines when you do a proper load/pop. This makes C kites more preferable to those people looking to do unhooked tricks. A C kite with proper technique will provide higher, loftier jumps, but it is not as user friendly as the sheet in and go feel that a bow kite has. This is due to the fact that the difference in power as you change the angle of attack of the kite by sheeting in and out is much less dramatic than compared to a bow.
Nowadays you'll see plenty of hybrids, or kites that are in between. These are often referred to as Hybrids or Open C kites.
When building the Stratus we started off with 3 prototypes of differing aspect ratios and arcs. We were aiming for an all arounder with a smooth feel that could also unhook well. We ended up with a goldilocks design. Open C, squarish wingtips and a medium aspect ratio.
Bridles
Bridles are basically the suspension system of your kite, they help the kite keep its shape under load. Some kites have complex bridles with pulleys, some have no bridles and just a direct connection to your bar. There's also kites in between.
A kite with bridles generally feels "mushier" than one without. This is even more apparent when comparing a kite with pulleys in the bridle. The upside to this is that you don't feel as punched around by gusts. The flatter a kite is, the more likely it will have a bridle system to help keep its shape.
A more C shaped kite has a more direct feel. You can generally feel where the kite is in the sky at any given time. The downside is you're also gonna feel every single gust.
When designing the Stratus, we went with a pulleyless bridle system. We found this to be a good mix between user friendliness without moving ourselves into the mushy feel range.
High Y split/ Low V split
This refers to where the front lines on your bar split off into 2. A High Y tends to split off much closer to the kite and a Low V splits off within arms reach.
Honestly a High Y and Low V are basically designed to be matched up with the bridle/kite. So it's almost brand/kite specific. The only brands I know of that are currently doing High Y are Duotone and Core. So if you have a Duotone or Core kite make sure you have a High Y bar.
There is some consternation about High Y and not being able to opposite line relaunch, but technically you can... using the safety line. The rule of thumb here is just make sure you match your kite with the correct type of bar it was designed for. The end.
Number of struts
Struts are like the skeletons of your kite. I wonder what that makes a strutless kite? A slug?
Either way the general rule of thumb, the less struts the more responsive a kite is. You want a quick tinkerbell of a kite, go fly a strutless kite. However to compensate for the lower number of struts, the less struts, the more bridling you're gonna see and probably a fatter leading edge as well.
However, the more struts you have, generally the more likely the kite is going to be to keep its shape. This is why I recommend 5 strut kites to the big bois of this sport. If you're above 180 lbs and plan to boost, I highly recommend looking at 5 strut kites.
With 0 and 1 strut kites you often have a bit of canopy flutter either when sheeted out (BRM Clouds are super guilty of this) or when overpowered.
With the Stratus, because we were aiming to be an "all arounder" with a smooth feel we opted for 3 struts.
4 Line vs. 5 line
So there's actually a difference between a "Loaded 5th" and a "safety 5th" if we want to add to the confusion.
The vast majority of kites out there today are 4 line kites. The advantage of a 4 line kite? Well if you get an inversion you're not gonna rip your kite in half with a 5th line.
So a loaded 5th is pretty much reserved for high performance freestyle C kites right now. The only loaded 5ths that I know of are the F-one WTF, Duotone Vegas, Airush Razor. The Ozone Ampcan be flown in this mode. The 5th line in these kites helps keep the kite shape and assists in a relaunch. There's a 5th line relaunch you can do in light wind with C kites that is just magical. Basically you yank on the 5th until the kite flops back and smiles at you then you pull in an outer line while slowly playing the 5th back out. Off you go. When you pull the safety the kite also fully release on its 5th. Up until a couple years ago the Duotone/OG North Rebel also had a loaded 5th. But they've since done away with that.
Safety 5th is basically a kite that can fly just fine with 4 lines and its bridle but can also flag out fully on a 5th line for a "better" depower experience. Duotone has the option on a lot of their kites for this mode. You're basically adding the ability to do a 5th line relaunch and a full 5th line flag out to a 4 line kite.
Leading Edge (LE) diameter
LE diameter often goes hand in hand with bridles/# of struts. It is part of the skeleton of the kite but also affects flight feel.
A fat leading edge is going to provide more rigidity, but it also is going to make for a gruntier kite. The kite tends to fly deeper in the window.
A thin leading edge flies closer to the edge of the window, making it easier to go upwind. However it is also less stable but faster turning. They also tend to be harder to relaunch. Thin leading edges tend to lead to a faster more nimble kite that pops well when unhooked. Basically there's gonna be less drag. This makes a thin LE something a racer looking to go fast with a kite would look for. Then again, nowadays most racers are going to be on a foil kite, so who knows.
We have a pretty fat LE on the Tona Stratus. This is so we can have a less complex supporting bridle, leading to a direct feel and a bit of a gruntier kite.

What kite should I get for my style of kiting?

Ahh so what kite should you get? Well it depends, not just on style of kiting but personal preference. Honestly 90% of kiters can probably just go to the "Advanced freeride" section and pick a kite from there. I've seen people rip on a foil with a Dice, or boost big with a Switchblade. In this sport, most of the time the limitation is the Indian and not the arrow. I mean Dre spent the majority of his career doing wakestyle on a Switchblade. Youri Zoon won PKRA on a RPM. Do you NEED a surf specific kite if you're gonna go fool around in waves sometimes, nah. These are just guidelines.

My First Kite/Freeride
So there's 2 tactics you can take here. Get the most user friendly kite here, that you may end up outgrowing a bit, or go with an all arounder kite, on the friendlier end of the spectrum that you won't end up trading in at the end of your first season.
user friendly: What you're looking for in a user friendly kite is relaunch, ability to eat a gust and upwind ability. So honestly you're probably going to be looking for a bow kite with swept wingtips and a medium aspect ratio. Stay away from C's or more aggressive all-arounders and high aspect ratio performance kites and you'll be fine. The number of struts won't matter as much as long as they're between 3 and 5. Would not recommend strutless or single strut for your first kite. Would also suggest sticking with a 4 liner. If you're looking for a more lively more "fun" kite with personality you can start dipping into some of the less aggro "all-arounders" here. I'd say the Cabrinha FX is a bit too aggro for a beginner but I'd be comfy putting a beginner on a Dice or Enduro. The older generation Liquid Force (RIP) Envy was also a go to recommendation of mine.
A high aspect ratio kite here, properly designed will not hurt you. You want to steer clear of kites marketed as race kites though. Those are high aspect ratio but can be a bitch to relaunch and are prone to backstall.
Marketing keywords: freeride, easy relaunch, beginner friendly
Marketing keywords to avoid: Massive slack, massive pop, unhooked performance, C kite
Example kites: Airush Lithium, Airush Lithium Progression, Slingshot Rally, Duotone Evo, Duotone Rebel, Duotone Dice, Core XR6, Core Nexus 2, Eleveight PS, Elevight RS, Eleveight XS, Tona Stratus, Ozone Catalyst, Ozone Enduro, Cabrinha switchblade, F-one Bandit, Ocean Rodeo Prodigy, North Orbit, Naish Triad, Lacuna Omega
Advanced Freeride
So maybe you're looking to boost, you're thinking of maybe unhooking. You want a playful kite, you might even have your eye on a strapless board or a foil sometimes. Honestly the current generation of "all arounders" was built for you. Get yourself a kite that'll do it all well. No reason to specialize right? You're looking for a medium aspect kite with squarish wingtips. Probably a pulley-less bridle. If you're thinking of unhooking, something a bit more open C with more squared off wingtips is probably for you.
Marketing keywords: Allarounder, freestyle/freeride
example kites: Duotone Dice, Duotone Evo, Ozone Enduro, Cabrinha Switchblade, Cabrinha FX, F-one Bandit, Ocean Rodeo Prodigy, Airush Union, Tona Stratus, Core GTS 6, North Orbit, Naish Dash, Reedin Supermodel, Lacuna Omega, Slingshot RPM
Big AiOld School
You want a high aspect ratio, swept wingtip, floaty kite, with a narrowish LE. You're optimizing for boost height and hangtime and maybe loop shape if you're a loopy boi.
Marketing keywords: Big Air, loop machine
Example kites: Duotone Rebel, Core XR6, Ozone Edge, Cabrinha AV8, North Orbit, Eleveight XS, Naish Pivot, Naish Dash, Reedin Supermodel, Lacuna Alpha
Freestyle/Wakestyle
Honestly if you're doing handle passes wtf are you doing reading this guide. Go spin some more and make me jealous. If you're looking to get into this discipline there are 2 routes you can take. 1) HARDCORE C.. yeah! 2) Get a more aggressive all arounder. Honestly I went path 1. My first non beginner kite was a North Vegas.. not even that Hardcore of a C, but it is a decision I regret to some degree. C's just don't relaunch as well, they have a much narrower comfortable wind range. I personally don't feel like they're worth it unless you're trying to do multiple handle passes. Nowadays all arounders unhook great and will get you pretty damn far in your progression.
With these disciplines you're optimizing for pop and slack as well as unhooked stability. Honestly you'll want a slower kite that's more stable in the air too. Last thing you want is to accidentally send your kite to 12 while trying to rotate to blind. It sucks. Trust.
Marketing keywords: Pop, slack, unhooked, freestyle
Example all arounders: Tona Stratus, Duotone Dice, North Pulse, North Reach, Cabrinha FX, Naish Dash, Airush Union, Ozone Enduro, Eleveight FS, Slingshot RPM
Example Hardcore C's: Slingshot Fuel, Duotone Vegas, Naish Torch, Core Impact, F-one WTF, Airush Razor, OR Razor, Ozone Amp
Surf
What you're optimizing for here is mainly drift. There are a ton of great dedicated surf kites out there. You'll probably want a lowish aspect ratio kite with squared off wingtips. You basically want a kite that's not gonna drop out of the sky as you ride down the line. Having a very on/off feel for depower is often desired here. Sheet out and just surf the wave.
Luckily companies are generally pretty obvious about marketing a surf specific kite. You want to avoid a super high aspect ratio kite here.
Marketing keywords: Surf, drift
Example kites: Cabrinha Drifter, Duotone Neo, Naish Slash, Ozone Reo, Ocean Rodeo Roam, Slingshot SST, North Carve, Core Section, Lacuna Sigma, F-one Bandit-S
Foil
For foiling you're probably going to want to run a kite that's nimble and lightweight. As foiling has taken off in the recent years companies have started manufacturing foil specific LEI kites. This is where strutless or one strut kites really shine. You're looking for a lighweight kite with swept wingtips. Or if you're looking to race and go FAST a super high aspect ratio kite like the Cabrinha Apollo would fit in here.
Marketing keywords: lightweight, foil, nimble
Example kites: BRM Cloud, Slingshot Ghost, Slingshot UFO, F-one Breeze, Core X-lite, Ocean Rodeo Roam, Eleveight OS, Ozone Alpha, Cabrinha AV8


Once again, this is not meant to be a complete list. This is a ton of words to digest, but I'm hoping to link this to people who are looking for kites of different styles. I'm hoping people will have a better idea of why they like the kite they fly and hopefully it can lead to more constructive discussions around kite selection and not just brand fanboying. There's nothing that irks me more than people tossing out kite suggestions without a full understanding of a person's preferences in kites and their needs.
Within each subcategory obviously you're gonna see a gradient of personalities. This is where demoing a kite really helps you drill in on what you want out of your wind machine.
There are some things I missed like bar pressure (which can be tuned to a certain degree using outer attachment knots on kites). But hopefully this fills in a bit of information about how certain properties affect how your buddy in the air flies.
submitted by dontfeedthenerd to Kiteboarding [link] [comments]


2020.07.16 00:10 Gauss-Legendre Soviet Millionaires Russia Today Society Pamphlet (1945)

SOVIET MILLIONAIRES
A Russia Today Pamphlet
Revised Edition (1945) by Reg Bishop
Printed and published by Fairleigh Press (T.U.), Beechwood Rise, Watford, for the Russia Today Society, 150 Southampton Row, London, W.C.1.
THE news that there are Soviet "millionaires" - men and women who have been able to invest a million roubles or more in the country's War Loan - has come as a great surprise and, indeed, with a sense of shock to many people to whom the very word "millionaires" represents an evil influence in society.
Many of these "millionaires" are collective farmers. The emergence of Soviet collective farm millionaires means that Stalin's promise in 1933 that the Soviet Government aimed at making collective farmers well-to-do is on the road to fulfilment.
The very term "millionaire" is misleading, for there are many kinds of millionaires. Before the war one could be a millionaire in sterling, in dollars, in francs or any other currency. The possessor of a million pounds was nearly five times as wealthy as the possessor of a million dollars, and the latter was more than 25 times as wealthy as the possessor of a million francs. The possessor of a million Rumanian lei or Turkish piastres had still less money.
In other words, a rouble millionaire has not the wealth of a sterling millionaire. Even were a rouble millionaire to be possessed of as much money as a sterling one it would still not necessarily be either anti-social or anti-Socialist, because the atmosphere of social inequity which surrounds a millionaire is due not to the measure of his wealth but to the method of its acquisition, and his use of it to exploit others.
In all countries the law smiles upon the acquisition of wealth, but in all countries legal barriers are erected against certain methods of becoming wealthy. In a capitalist country, a man who acquires wealth by robbing a bank or by selling shares for non-existent gold-mines is arrested, tried and sent to gaol if found guilty. In the Soviet Union, a man who becomes wealthy by robbing a bank is also sent to gaol, but the socialist nature of the Soviet State requires it as equally immoral to acquire wealth by the exploitation of the labour of others, or by speculation; that is to say, buying in the cheapest market to sell in the dearest.
These methods are held to imply as great, or even greater, moral obliquity as robbing a bank, hence, whereas it is reasonable to suppose that in a capitalist country millionaires have acquired their status by means of the exploitation of others, or by tricky, though strictly legal, financial manipulations, in the Soviet Union the millionaire has acquired his roubles by his own toil and by services to the Soviet State and people.
The first person to be publicly acclaimed as a millionaire was one, Berdyebekov, a collective farmer from the Central Asiatic Soviet Republic of Kazakstan. Perhaps it is easier to understand how Soviet millionaires are made by studying the career of Berdyebekov than by any amount of abstract and theoretical discussion.
At the time of the Revolution, Berdyebekov was a landless peasant, that is to say, an agricultural labourer. The Revolution gave him land, as it did every other peasant throughout the Soviet Union.
When the drive for collectivisation began, Berdyebekov was one of the first farmers in Kazakstan to realise the benefits it promised to the entire rural population of the Union and to the whole economy. At the end of 1929 his village organised one of the earliest collective farms in Kazakstan. From that day to this he and his family have worked as collective farmers and have seen their farm become one of the most prosperous in the Kazak Republic. In part, this prosperity has been due to the work and initiative of the farmers themselves, and in part, too, to the enterprise of the Soviet State which developed cotton growing in that territory to an enormous extent.
A word would not be out of place here as to the way in which collective farmers distribute their gains at the end of the year. If a farm has 600 members, it does not, at the end of the year, divide its proceeds in cash and kind into 600 equal parts. Each of the members of the collective has a particular job to do, some jobs are more skilled than others and consequently receive higher remuneration. Therefore at the end of the year the total number of workday units performed by the collective as a whole are divided up into the number of workday units performed by each individual member.
For instance, whilst an unskilled man or woman will receive one workday unit for each day's work put in, a tractor driver will receive perhaps one-and-a-quarter workday units for each day's work performed, and a tractor driver who is also a mechanic, capable of repairing and looking after his tractor, may receive one-and-a-half. Similar evaluation is made for every job on the farm.
Berdyebekov and his family have been collective farmers for close on fourteen years. In 1942 the family was credited with 1,500 workday units. Three of his brothers, who worked on the farm in peacetime, are now in the Red Army, one remains on the farm with two sisters and three daughters.
The family had worked hard; the farm is prosperous, the family has accumulated savings, entirely the fruit of their own labour. The sum of slightly more than one million roubles which Berdyebekov subscribed to the Soviet war loan represented the life savings of this family. Soviet conditions and laws do not permit of these savings being invested in private enterprises abroad, and there are no private enterprises suitable for investment in the U.S.S.R. The savings cannot be used either directly or indirectly for the exploitation of others. Neither can they be used for speculation. To what better purpose, then, could they be put than to devote them to their country's war effort? Berdyebekov's gesture lead to similar subscriptions being made by seventeen other Kazak farmers.
It is as astounding as it is magnificent that Soviet collective farmers should be in a position to make such financial contributions to their country's war effort, particularly as in many cases these men are not Russians but members of those races which, twenty-five years ago, were even more poverty-stricken and oppressed than the Russians themselves.
A warm letter of thanks was sent by Stalin to Berdyebekov, the first Soviet millionaire, and in those thanks every British friend of the Soviet Union will want to join.
There has been a great deal of misrepresentation of the position of the Soviet millionaires in the British Press. Even so well-informed a journal as the Economist in its issue of June 19, 1943, suggests that the emergence of these people represents a swing-back of Soviet policy.
"It looks," says the Economist, "as if the 'immoral Kulak' - liquidated thirteen years ago - has been miraculously resurrected. ... Marshal Stalin's letters to the donors have more than a hint of the old 'enrichissez.'"
Another of the allegations made in the Economist is that the collective farmers have become wealthy as a result of inflated prices on the uncontrolled sector of the market. This, maybe, is a contributory factor, but certainly a very subsidiary one. Actually, the facts are as follows: Since 1934, the members of collective farms have been encouraged to retain in their private possession a certain number of dairy cattle, sheep and goats, pigs and fowls, they have been urged to cultivate a garden or allotment for their own use, this varying between half an acre and two acres in extent. The produce of these private holdings has gone in the main to the feeding of the farmer's own family. Any surplus he has been able to dispose of, at whatever it would fetch in the open market.
In wartime the great bulk of foodstuffs was placed on rations from the day of invasion. Such small quantities as were available from sources outside the main stream of supply, such as the small private holdings of the collective farmers, were allowed to be put on the market to fetch what price they could. Naturally this produce fetched high prices, but in the Soviet Union the people who were able to afford these prices and thus to supplement their rations consisted largely of the skilled workers in the heavy industries, whose requirements were greatest.
Of course, in the areas under siege, or where the rations could not be fulfilled, all private trading ceased and goods were commandeered to meet basic requirements.
Although the prices were high, the amount of material available from the small holdings was certainly far from sufficient either to enable the vendors to become millionaires as a result of their trade, or to alter materially the ratio of food distribution.
Despite all that has been said to the contrary, the basis of the Soviet millionaires has and is the steady development of collective farming, compared to which extensions in their trade of goods from their small holdings is insignificant. Neither exploitation nor market speculation enters into the trade in produce from the private holdings of collective farmers.
Nothing could be more inapt than the attempted parallel between the modern collective farmer (no matter how prosperous) and the old Kulak.
What was the Kulak? Literally translated the word means "fist." He was the big fist that hammered the impoverished population of the countryside. He was the individual who enriched himself and his family by the ruthless exploitation of others and by market speculation. He was the bitter enemy of the collectivisation which ended exploitation in the Soviet countryside.
That is why the Soviet authorities set out - and succeeded - to liquidate the Kulaks as a class. Note those last three words. It was not the wealth of the individual Kulak which was resented, but his methods. No exploiting class could be permitted in the Soviet countryside any more than in the Soviet towns. As far back as 1933 Stalin had made the position of the Soviet Government in regard to the Kulak and collectivisation abundantly clear.
The occasion was the first Congress of collective farm shock workers, which was held in Moscow in February, 1933, and at which the present writer was present as a newspaper correspondent. In his report Stalin said:
"The task of the Five-Year Plan in agriculture was to unite the scattered and small individual peasant farms, which lacked the opportunity of utilising tractors and modern agricultural machinery into large collective farms, equipped with all the modern implements of highly developed agriculture and to cover the free land with model Soviet farms. ...
"The Party succeeded, in a matter of three years, in organising more than 200,000 collective farms ... the Party succeeded in uniting more than sixty per cent of the peasant farms which cover more than seventy per cent of the land cultivated by peasants into collective farms ...
"The Party has succeeded in smashing up the Kulaks as a class. The working peasants have been emancipated from Kulak bondage and exploitation and a firm economic basis, the basis of collective farming has been established in the Soviet countryside."
At the concluding session of the Congress, Stalin, yielding to the demand of the delegates that he make another speech, addressed a simple informal talk to this gathering of the best Soviet farmers. In this speech he said:-
"Our achievements are that we have helped millions of poor peasants to join the collective farms. That having joined the collective farms and utilising on them the best land and the best instruments of production, millions of poor peasants have raised themselves to the level of the middle peasants. That millions of poor peasants who formerly lived in a state of semi-starvation are now in the collective farms, are now on the level of middle peasants, are now living in security.
"It means that not less than twenty million poor peasants have been rescued from poverty and ruin, have been rescued from Kulak bondage, and thanks to the collective farms have been transformed into people with a secure living.
"This is a great achievement. This is an achievement that has never been gained in the world before, that no other State in the world has yet gained."
And here Stalin thrilled his rapt audience by the bold and splendidly simple programme he set before them, expressing it in these few words:-
"The next step is to make all the collective farmers well-to-do."
And in case there was any doubt, Stalin reiterated his last words as follows: "Yes, comrades, well-to-do."
All the above rather takes the sting from the Economist gibe "enrichissez-vous."
In 1933 the Soviet Union set out to make its peasant population prosperous on the basis of collective effort, without exploitation. The emergence of Berdyebekov and others like him affords evidence as to how far it has succeeded in this direction. One other misconception emerges in the criticism that is heard on this question. It was embodied in a letter to me, the writer of which said:
"The fact that there are Soviet millionaires does not stick in my gullet, but surely if, having acquired their million roubles by toil, the Soviet millionaires invest them in war loan at four per cent, a class of rentiers is being created which, in time, will become indistinguishable from any similar class in other countries."
The reasoning is flawless, but is based on a misconception and therefore ceases to be valid. On June 4th, 1943, Moscow radio announced:
"The rate of interest payable on the interest-bearing portion of the loan is two per cent per annum. The Commissar for Finance, speaking yesterday on the conditions of issue, said that the interest-bearing portion of the loan is open for subscription by organisations only, that is, by collective farms, etc. Individuals may only subscribe to the lottery prize portion of the loan which provides winnings to one-third of such bonds over the next twenty years. The remaining two-thirds of this portion of the loan will be redeemed at face value at the end of the twenty years."
Thus it will be seen that no subscriber receives interest on his investment, payment of which is reserved for organisations. Instead, he receives a chance in a quarterly prize-drawing, from which one-third of the holders will benefit. The remaining two-thirds receive nothing more than repayment at the end of twenty years.
Such terms would not be likely to appeal to the rentier of any country!
Enthusiasm for the Loan
IN the previous edition of this pamphlet I gave details of the second Soviet War Loan (that of 1943). The target of 12,000 million roubles was over-subscribed within 24 hours. The third War Loan (1944) was fixed at 25,000 million roubles, more than double the previous year's target. This in turn was over-subscribed.
Even prior to the war the Soviet State loans were an annual feature which was closely linked up with the whole plan of socialist construction. In ten years, from 1931 to 1941, the number of subscribers to the State loan grew from 33 million to more than 60 million. Today almost every citizen in the free portion of the Soviet Union is subscribing. And it cannot be too much stressed that the loans are, and always have been, purely voluntary.
In the course of the first Five-Year Plan the loans aggregated 5,900 million roubles; during the second Five-Year Plan the amounts lent by citizens to the State rose to 15,000 million roubles; between 1938 and 1942, when the seriousness of the war threat was fully realised by every Soviet citizen, the amount rose again to 41,000 million roubles. Every year since 1931 has seen an increase in the amount lent.
So far, principal attention has been given to the part played by collective farmers in voluntary contributions to the war. That has been because the sensational character of the contributions made by Berdyebekov and others has concentrated discussion around them. But the effort has been nation-wide, embracing all sections of the population.
Workers, intellectuals, clergy, all have played their part as well as the collective farmers. As is well known, in the latter half of 1942 the Bishops of the Orthodox Church and the leading figures of other denominations vied as to which could make the most generous contribution. But the contributions made by the Church dignitaries does not represent the only effort of the clergy.
Typical of many others is Vladimir Stefanov, priest of the Moscow Church of the Assumption, who donated his life savings, 73,000 roubles, to the Defence Fund last year. In doing so, he wrote the following letter to Stalin:
"As a shepherd of souls, I deeply mourn the fate of our brothers and sisters who fell under the yoke of the fascists in areas temporarily occupied by the Germans and who have suffered unparalleled atrocities and tortures at their hands.
"Being eager to help the Red Army to defeat the enemy as speedily as possible and to clear our sacred Russian land of the fascist vermin, I have deposited with the State Bank all my savings, totalling 73,000 roubles in cash."
Typical of the intellectuals is Professor Galant, of Khabarovsk, who, in sending 12,000 roubles to the Fund wrote:
"The great patriotic movement amongst the collective farmers in our country has found a ready response in the hearts of Soviet intellectuals."
The company of the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow, collected rather more than 700,000 roubles among their number as their contribution to the National Defence Fund.
Then there is the inventor, Livshitz, manager of the Bureau of Inventions of a large factory, who donated 40,000 roubles towards the construction of a Soviet airplane to be called Soviet Inventor. The 40,000 roubles had recently been awarded him as a premium for inventions which has effected a saving of millions of roubles in industry.
Soviet Finance
IN view of the fact that there is not generally available any handy reference book on the subject of Soviet finance, a few brief notes here may not be out of place. In normal times the principal source of Soviet revenue is not an income tax but a turnover tax levied at the source of production on all industrial goods.
The tax varies between half of one per cent and two per cent. In 1940 this tax produced 60 per cent of the total State revenue. The 1941 budget was estimated again on the basis of 60 per cent of revenues from the turnover tax. Of course the invasion in June of that year destroyed the basis of all calculations.
In addition to the turnover tax, there was an agricultural tax levied on collective farms and paid mostly in the form of deliveries in kind of fixed quantities of produce to the State at a low, fixed price considerably below the market price.
In addition to the turnover tax, all trading and industrial organisations were liable to a profit tax, and there was also an income tax which was very low in peace-time, although it has, of course, been very much raised since.
Soviet income tax is based not only on what a man earns, but how he earns it. The lowest taxes are paid by factory workers and office employees in Soviet institutions, in all by over 30 million people. The tax is paid on a monthly basis.
The first 150 roubles is tax free, after which the tax formula works out as follows:-
(This table is taken from Russia Fights On, by Maurice Hindus [Collins])
Earnings (By month, in roubles) Tax Surtax
150-200 1.20 3% above 150
201-300 2.70 3.3% above 200
301-500 6.00 4% above 300
501-700 14.00 5% above 500
701-1,000 24.00 6% above 700
1,001 and up 42.00 7% above 1,000
Collective farmers pay no income tax on their collective farm earnings, but they pay a much higher rate than the industrial workers on the proceeds of their private plots of land, their individually owned livestock, or any other occupation they pursue outside of farming.
The highest tax of all is paid by that small section of Soviet people who still pursue individual occupations with their own tools, such as private dressmakers, the handful of drosky drivers, etc.
Since Russia has been involved in war, the general levy on income has been very considerably increased. Basically, it has been doubled, but many exemptions are in operation. If two or more members of a family are in the armed forces, the remaining breadwinners are exempted from the double tax and pay at pre-war rates. A similar exemption is given to those whose income is less than 500 roubles a month.
On the other hand, those who are of military age, but are exempted from military service, pay three times the normal income tax instead of the double.
Laws of Inheritance
IN March, 1945, the Soviet law of inheritance changed. The new decree was described in the Soviet press as follows:
"A significant step in the development of the Soviet inheritance law as part of the general system of Soviet state measures aimed at protecting the rights of citizens, protecting the rights of owners of personal property and strengthening the family."
The previous law of inheritance limited the circle of heirs both by law and by will.
Heirs could be children, grandchildren, adopted children (and their descendants), husband or wife, and also incapacitated and needy persons who were dependants on the deceased for not less than three years.
The testator could also bequeath his property to State bodies or public organisations. The new law broadens the circle of legal heirs by including parents and brothers and sisters. It also includes a new procedure. Formerly the property was divided into equal portion among all the heirs unless the will contained provision to the contrary. Now there is a definite group which has priority: children (including adopted children), and wife or husband and incapacitated parents, and also other incapacitated persons who were dependants of the deceased for at least one year prior to his death.
The new law introduces a big change into inheritance by will. A person may will his property to one or several of his legal heirs as well as to State bodies and public organisations. But he may not deprive any of his children, who are minors, or who are unable to work, of the portion due to them.
In the absence of legal heirs, the property may be willed to any person of the testator's choice. Formerly it could be willed only within the more limited chain of legal heirs.
There is only one kind of private property in the U.S.S.R., that is personal property (e.g., money, furniture, a house, etc.). There being no such thing as private property in wealth-producing enterprises or in land, these cannot be transferred by legacy.
Guns and Butter
LOOKING over the Soviet scene today we find that far from there having been any departure from the early socialist principles, in actual fact socialism did not become established until in 1934 the Soviet State was able to announce that the exploitation of man by man had ended. A new era was ushered in. Exploitation and speculation were things of the past. The energies of the whole State were diverted to raising the standard of life of the whole people, and making them prosperous and happy. Coincident with this development was the accession to power of Hitler in Germany, which meant that much of the energy and much of the resources which would have gone to raising the standard of the people was perforce devoted to strengthening the instruments of national defence.
Nevertheless, despite an armaments expenditure which doubled and redoubled itself year after year, it was possible right up until 1940 to raise the standards of the people steadily and to increase their social security. Goering had told the Germans that it was impossible to have both guns and butter.
Taking butter to mean the good things of life in general, it is an outstanding fact that in the difficult years of the second half of the 1930's, the Soviet Union was able to give its people guns in abundance and, simultaneously, to give them more butter. Naturally, had it not been necessary to build the guns (which in this context means planes and tanks and battleships and submarines as well), it cannot be doubted that the increase of butter - meaning food of all kinds, good clothes, good houses and the amenities of life - would have been even more rapid than it actually was.
In these circumstances the Soviet Union has produced a handful of rouble millionaires. Some of them famous writers, or inventors, engineers and industrial organisers, others, simple peasants. All have one thing in common - their wealth has been acquired entirely without the taint of exploitation or speculation, the result of their own efforts, and in acquiring it they have benefited not themselves alone, but the whole Soviet State and people.
Surely the emergence of these people must be regarded from any viewpoint as a good portent, one holding out every hope that once this war is over and the invader driven from the land, the Soviet Union, when it has once more set its house in order, will be able to produce, if not a nation of millionaires, a nation of uniformly prosperous and contented people.
Marriage and the Family
BY a decree of July, 1944, big increases of allowances were paid to mothers of large families as follows:
Mothers Non-Recurring Payment (Roubles) Monthly Payment (Roubles)
With 2 children on birth of 3rd 400 -
With 3 children on birth of 4th 1,300 80
With 4 children on birth of 5th 1,700 120
With 5 children on birth of 6th 2,000 140
With 6 children on birth of 7th 2,500 200
With 7 children on birth of 8th 2,500 200
With 8 children on birth of 9th 3,500 250
With 9 children on birth of 10th 3,500 250
With 10 children on birth of each subsequent child 5,000 300
Monthly assistance to mothers with several children to be paid from second year of birth of child until his fifth birthday. Article 3 of the same decree provides State assistance for single (unmarried) mothers for the support of their children. These amount to: 100 roubles monthly for one child, 150 roubles monthly for 2 chilren, 200 roubles monthly for three or more children. State assistance to unmarried mothers is paid until the children reach twelve years of age.
Unmarried mothers with three or more children receive the State assistance laid down in Article 3, in addition to the regular assistance to mothers with many children, which is received in accordance with Article 2 of the same decree.
When an unmarried mother marries, the right to assistance is retained by her. Should an unmarried mother wish to place a child, to which she has given birth, in a children's institution, the latter is obliged to accept the child, to support and bring it up entirely at the expense of the State, the mother having the right at any time to remove the child from the Institution and to bring it up herself. Of course, when the child is in the Institution, State assistance is not paid to the mother.
Red Army Pay
ANOTHER item on which there has been a great deal of misunderstanding concerns army remuneration, the fact that whereas a private soldier gets a mere pittance, Red Army officers receive relatively high pay - a lieutanant gets approximatley 1,000 roubles a month, a colonel something over 2,000 roubles, and so on for the higher grades.
The Soviet citizen who is conscripted into the Forces must be found employment not less remunerative than that which he was pursuing at the time of his enrolment. If he is totally incapacitated, he will receive a pension equivalent to what he would have been earning had he been able to return to industry. Should he be partially incapacitated, that is to say, only able to undertake employment less remunerative than he would normally have been able to do, a person will make up his rate of pay to what he would otherwise have received.
Obviously, Soviet millionaires are not going to develop on the pay of a ranker, but equally obviously this is no question of class differentiation, but one of sound socialist policy, in line with the general wages policy of the U.S.S.R.
Every male citizen is liable to military service in the U.S.S.R.; for a limited period of time he gives his services to the State, receiving in return a pocket-money allowance. At the end of that time he returns to civil life, usually better equipped for his vocation than when he was called up. Although his remuneration in the army has been tiny, he has had so many free services - postage, travel, cleaning materials, entertainment, smokes, etc. - that he has been at least as well off as soldiers in the armies of other countries.
But the case of the man who stays on to become an officer is of an entirely different character. He is making his career in the forces as another is making his in industry, on the farm, in literature, etc. He therefore is entitled to the same degree of remuneration, if he is successful, as the man who is a good collective farmer, a Stakhanovite worker, a successful novelist, and so on.
And in the Red Army there is no question of promotion for any reason other than merit.
Listen to what Godfrey Blunden, famous Australian newspaper correspondent had to say about the Soviet generals in an article of the Evening Standard of May 25, 1943:-
"All the Soviet generals whom I have ever met had the look of hard-worked men who had never had any spare time on their hands, men who had had a hard struggle to rise to the ordinary level of education - which a class-selected British officer, for example, has by natural right - even before he had turned his mind to the arduous job of learning his trade. There is no comfort in being a general in Russia. ...
"I have heard it suggested that in granting privileges to generals, Stalin is creating a new class. That does not seem right to me."
No matter whether one looks at the generals, the successful collective farmers, the outstanding intellectuals, the Stakhanovites of industry or any other successful men and women in Russia, one finds that the millionaires, far from being those who have successfully battened on others, are in fact, those who have put much more into the common pool than they have taken out.
submitted by Gauss-Legendre to InformedTankie [link] [comments]


2020.06.21 18:33 linkedkeenan Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 15 - June 21

Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 15 - June 21
Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 15 - June 21

Announcements and Integrations 🎉.

We’re honored that the World Economic Forum has selected Chainlink as a 2020 TechPioneer!
Bamboo Relay now supports stop-loss functions via integration w/ Chainlink’s Price Reference Data. Bamboo Relay is the first 0x relayer to bring the popular stop-loss trading feature to the u/0xProject, closing the gap between CEX & DEX infrastructure.
Decentralized VPN network Orchid Protocol is building two Chainlink-powered decentralized oracle networks to allow users to estimate the cost of bandwidth on Orchid, both in its native token - OXT - and U.S. dollars. The OXT/USD feed is live today!
FinScore is using Chainlink oracles to connect its alternative credit scoring API to DeFi. Their Social Presence Score gives dApps a better understanding of borrowers, potentially reducing collateral requirements or interest rates on crypto loans.
Wildcards World will use #ChainlinkVRF for randomized minting of rare animals and to reward holders who participate in their DAO. Wildcards are Harberger-taxed #NFTs representing unique animals, where tax fees get directed to conservation organizations.
New node operator Syncnode brings added decentralization to the Chainlink Network. Run by cybersecurity experts, SyncNode provides highly available & secure infrastructure, professional monitoring techniques & multi-year experience running PoS validators.
Bancor is consuming the BNT/USD Chainlink price feed live on the Ethereum mainnet. This DeFi price oracle will play a crucial role in providing high-quality data to #BancorV2's AMM-based DEX in the upcoming release.

Featured Videos 🎥

\"The Evolution of Smart Contracts and Cryptoeconomic Security\" discusses how smart contracts are improving, their growing use of oracles and new data sources, as well as the cryptoeconomic security that externally connected smart contracts will come to rely on.
This video Q&A is with David Lei CEO of The Force Protocol. The discussion will be centered on decentralized oracles meeting the needs of DeFi. We will deep-dive in what makes The Force Protocol unique and how they utilize the Chainlink Network.
New features will be based on randomness provided by Chainlink VRF (Verifiable Randomness Function). Chainlink VRF is a randomness solution for smart contracts, providing auditable, cryptographic guarantees that each random result is unbiased and fair.

Chainlink Educational Series 📚

https://preview.redd.it/gwgzly5nia651.png?width=2000&format=png&auto=webp&s=a977494c285aef7c3f4c2ddad0eab77f6d6f5990
https://preview.redd.it/iq3f789pia651.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=eaa5a8f822ba2e686c736887f9b178a15e4f6768
https://preview.redd.it/htsyg5jria651.png?width=2000&format=png&auto=webp&s=2c17e14c06cdc5c497ade15a7d8ec5f53c0b78bc

Ecosystem & Community Celebrations 👏

Upcoming Events 📅

Are you interested in hosting your own meetup? Apply to become a Chainlink Community Advocate today: https://events.chain.link/advocate

SmartContract is hiring to build Chainlink’s network: Check out these open roles 👩‍💼

View all open roles at https://careers.smartcontract.com
Are there other community content and celebrations that we missed? Post them in the comments below! ⤵️
submitted by linkedkeenan to Chainlink [link] [comments]


2020.06.21 01:52 UpIsOben [OC] We intend no harm - Chapter 4 (Benefits of being Terran)

Hello, it is (again) a bit late, but I wanted to finish this chapter, before going to bed. It's getting easier to write, I guess that's practise. This chapter shows more of the characters and of the *cough* benefits of being terran.
Since I am going to introduce more ships in the future, I want to get the sizes right.
The order google and I came up with, is the following (small to big): * corvette * frigate * destroyer * light cruiser * heavy cruiser (Note for me: assault cruiser or electronic warfare could be fun) * battlecruiser * battleship * carrier (+ super carriers) * dreadnought (+super dreadnoughts)
EDIT: I upgraded the list, so I can use it as reference.
If some I got the order wrong, please tell me.
Enough talking :) have fun reading.
First Previous Next
After the aliens left the bridge, Regina went back to the engine room. It was finally time that she got her hands on the FTL drive. She already knew everything her friends and colleagues found out. But there were still some missing pieces to create the terrans first FTL drive. On her way to the engine room she grabbed her toolkit, which she had left inside the shuttle.
The engine room was packed with terrans studying every bit of alien technology. Regina weaved through the scientists until she reached the FTL drive. There she crouched in front of a open maintenance hatch and crawled deep into the belly of the drive. The maintenance shaft diverged in different directions for different subsystems.
It took some time for her to reach her designated subsystem. When she reached it, she kneeled in front of it and started to disassemble and analyse it. Being terran made it easy to remember each part and its placement, as well as the order in which to reassemble it. If you asked her, she could have told you exactly which screw belonged to which hole and the exact amount torque it took to fasten it.
Being not biological had more benefits than that. If necessary a terran could work for weeks without taking a break, slowing down or losing focus. Regina was highly concentrated and shared all her findings in the net. So did everyone else on this ship. With so many connected minds working on the same problem, the puzzle pieces fell into place one after the other.
The basic principle was easily discoverable. The light barrier was not broken, but cheated. The documents that were stored on the ships computers, described the existence of a realspace and the so called hyperspace or unrealspace. The hyperspace was an empty void of compressed or folded space.
One scientific files suggested, that it was theoretically possible to create a more powerful FTL drive that would compress hyperspace even further, reduction of travel time by a multiple of the amount standard FTL drives were capable of. That theory was already a century old and never proven in practice. But it would be the perfect project, after they mastered the current FTL technologie.
After the method was discovered, Regina smiled triumphantly. She had won a bet with a friend of her, on how this thing worked. She took some microseconds to mock her friend in a personal call over the net.
“Told ya so!” Regina announces happily as she entered the private virtual room. She walked over to her friend and poked Alex in the belly.
“I know, I know” Alex replied and hugged Regina to greet her. “I saw how you nearly squished the aliens during take off. Didn't expect them to be so weak with G’s”
“Don’t remind me, Gaia was really angry with me. Luckily no one died.” Regina replied remorseful.
“At least Gaia doesn’t hold grudges.” Alex comforted her friend. “I have to admit, I’m a bit scared, that the GC comes to glass us. Because they think we are evil.”
Regina nodded “That’s scary. Better get that FTL going soon.”
“Yeah. By the way that drive looks pretty dope.” she laughed.
“Haha, I would like to call it my baby, but that has to wait” Regina smirked.
“I know that face. You are already thinking about attaching a FTL drive onto something ridiculous. When you crash on some random planet, I might not be able to pick you up.” Alex winked at her.
“But the thought of you rushing to my rescue, makes me feel like a princess.”
Both terrans laughed. “Never heard of princesses building the fastest and most dangerous rides.”
“Now you did.” Regina replied. “I have to go back to work. The dope engine is waiting for me.”
“Have fun, Ina. I’ll keep sitting on my ass, eating crayons and drinking glue, until shit hits the fan.”
“I hope you can laze around forever.” The friends hugged each other, than they disconnected from the room.
Regina blinked, as her sensors were focusing on the subsystem again. She chuckled thinking, that their entire conversation took no longer than the bat of an eye. The moment she went back to work a warning popped up in the net. A coworker was reporting a mistake he made. Seconds later, toxic coolant shot out of one of the disassembled pipes. It splashed right into Regina's face and then flooded the maintenance shaft. She sighed and sent her angry feelings towards the responsible colleague.
After that she continued working. Being terran had lots of benefits, including not having your skin melted away by bio aggressive coolant, but she would love to take a shower later. After some time, someone managed to start a pump to drain the liquid.
++++++
Saha’s distress call bounced from beacon to beacon, making its way through hyperspace. Earth was so far away from the center of the Galactic Council, that the communication beacons out here were the cheap and slow kind. It took a few hours until the signal reached a civilized world, from where it was put on a high speed relay towards the scientific command.
++++++
A computer terminal in an office made a soft pling when the message arrived. Gerak looked at the notification, opened the message and listened to it. Even though it was a short message, it raised many questions. Gerak had to start the message again make sure he heard correctly. “The terrans were able to capture the imperial ship we are currently on board.”
“How? How can a pre FTL civilisation capture an imperial ship?” He questioned aloud. He did not know the Solei, but if it operated this far out, it had to be a long range science vessel. A recon ship would not be able to damage it. An imperial corvette could be able to destroy it, taking some damage itself. Maybe the Solei got a lucky shot on the corvette and the terrans used some realspace Ships to force a the limping vessel to surrender?
However they did it, it was quite a feat. Gerak copied the message into his personal storage. He felt like keeping it, incase this message becomes important. After that he forwarded it to his superior flagged as imperial attack, no imminent danger and rescue required. For the rest of the day the question “How did they do it?” never really left his mind.
The bureaucracy needed a few days to process and react to Saha’s message. Finally Gerak, who’s job description included first contact management, was ordered to board the destroyer Lei’Lei and make his way towards the source of the message.
Usually they would not send a destroyer to establish relations, but they already lost a ship in this system. Sending a well armed warship might be a good idea. Even though the Lei’Lei was fast, it would still at least a week to get to their destination.
++++++
Se’Res and Ze’Kän had each taken a senior officers quarters. While Saha had set up camp in the captain’s quarters. After redecorating the room to fit her centaur needs, she laid herself on the soft mattress, that was now lying on the floor. Despite her fatigue Saha had problems sleeping. To many thoughts still raced through her mind. “Are the terrans just pretending be peaceful?”, “How should we announce their existence to the rest of the galaxy?” “Are they able to recreate the FTL drive and built their own fleet? Of course they are! I know that much. But what is going to happen after that?” “How long do we have?” The Vuka had most likely similar thoughts and worries.
When Saha woke up, she did not remember that she had fallen asleep. For a moment, she hoped that she would still be on the Solei and all that happened was nothing more than a bad dream. But when she opened her eyes, she knew she was not in her room, but on the imperial ship that killed her friends and colleagues. “Pompous bastards.” She whispered, when she noticed the tacky imperial interior, which she was too tired to be angry about yesterday.
After she got up, she left her improvised armored suit on the ground. And stayed in the way more comfortable under layer. This was not how you would go to an employment interview, but on a spaceship or small station it was quite common. If the terrans wanted her dead, the armor would not really stop them, so at least she can be comfortable.
She got herself ready and left her quarters. On her way to the canteen, she had go through the bridge. It was just as busy as yesterday. She wondered, if they were the same terrans she saw yesterday. She always had problems with similar looking species, but those terran looked nearly identical. No one was thin or chubby, no one young or old. Well, she was sure, that they had different ages, but the showed no signs of that. At least they seemed to differentiate between female or male forms, if you would assume that the terrans with breasts were female. With this Saha would be able to distinguish between Regina and a hypothetical shiny Paul.
Saha wiggled her ears in frustration. “Why the heck do they even need breasts. It's not like they have to feed their children!” That thought made her groan, because that triggered another question “Do they have children? How do they make them? How many can they make and how fast?” This morning was not going well for the now grumpy centaur.
When she reached the canteen the vuka were already eating. Saha fetched some breakfast from the counter and walked towards her guards. They looked as sleep deprived as she felt.
“I guess you had trouble sleeping too?” Saha asked, as she put her plate on the table.
“Morning” answered Se’Res “this is so fucked up. Maybe I’m still sleeping and this is one hell of a fever dream. Hey Kän, hit me to wake me up!”
“I’m not hitting little girls.” Ze’Kän replied mockingly.
“I don’t see any little girls.” she looked around “There are two girls here. One is a two and a half meter high Dexxi. The other is the one who knocked you out during our hand to hand combat drills last week.” Se’Res said, trying to stir him up a bit.
“You got a lucky hit, Res” Ze’Kän replied grumpily “That won't happen again.”
Saha laughed amused at their exchange. This was enough to forget als the worries for a while.
First Previous Next
It’s 1:45 and I know for a fact, that I’m going to write more tomorrow. This is way to much fun and you guys are awesome and keep me motivated.
There is one downside: I don’t have time to read the stories I am following ;)
EDIT: Correcting some mistakes you pointed out. Thanks again :) EDIT: Correcting some more mistakes. And fixing Gerak's name (he doesn't like being called Gorak ;))
submitted by UpIsOben to HFY [link] [comments]


2020.06.14 20:00 linkedkeenan Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 8 - June 14

Weekly Wrap: This Week In Chainlink June 8 - June 14

Announcements and Integrations 🎉.

Kyber Network's DEX KyberSwap is now using Chainlink Price Reference Data to update asset prices in their UI. This provides KyberSwap users with more reliable price feeds for calculating slippage rates and further safeguards against price manipulation.
Graph Protocol is making it easier for devs to pull indexed subgraph data into smart contracts. Dapps can use Chainlink to access data to index DEX liquidity to calculate slippage, catalog block data for gas fees, and sort identity data for user profiles.
ARPA is integrating Chainlink oracles to bring reliable data to its multiparty computation (MPC) network. ARPA plans to use Chainlink Price Reference Data to support its financial services, including a DeFi lending dApp for cross-chain assets.
Distributed Energy Trading Platform Dipole_Tech is integrating Chainlink oracles to price energy assets using premium data sources. Dipole also plans to use Chainlink to connect traditional & cryptocurrency payment options to its energy trading markets.
NFT devs natealex6677 & skylerfly from the generative art project ChainFaces are using Chainlink VRF to power the spin-off game FaceGolf. Chainlink VRF will be used in determining the outcome of golf matches, the random creation of new NFTs and more

Ecosystem & Community Celebrations 👏

Featured Community Videos 🎥

This video features the Chainlink and the Aave teams with presentations from ETH Global HackMoney Winning Projects along with a Q&A with Marc Zeller of Aave where we will discuss the newest developer trends in Aave and Chainlink’s communities and spark ideas for continuous building.

Upcoming Community Events 📅

Are you interested in hosting your own meetup? Apply to become a Chainlink Community Advocate today: https://events.chain.link/advocate

SmartContract is hiring: Check out these open roles 👩‍💼

View all open roles at https://careers.smartcontract.com
Are there other community content and celebrations that we missed? Post them in the comments below! ⤵️
submitted by linkedkeenan to Chainlink [link] [comments]


2020.05.31 16:14 jluc8 Titularidade das acções fraccionadas e garantias sobre as mesmas

Os posts recentes sobre as garantias das corretoras, em conjunto com algumas partilhas de portefólios que temos visto, levaram-me a questionar como tudo isto funciona no caso das acções fraccionadas.
Nos casos em que o cliente da corretora compra acções "normais", a titularidade é do cliente e as acções ficam, por lei, separadas da actividade normal da corretora. Isto faz com que em caso de problemas com a corretora as acções permaneçam dos clientes e possam ser transferidas. Já nos casos das acções fraccionadas isso não acontece. O titular terá de ser ou a corretora, ou uma terceira entidade. Que garantias são dadas nestes casos?
Pesquisei na diagonal e não encontrei informação clara, mas no site da Trading212 eles afirmam:
11.7. Transfer of Fractional Shares. Fractional shares are not transferable. If you close your account or transfer your account to another firm, the fractional shares held in your account will need to be liquidated. Similarly, Fractional shares cannot be put into certificate form and mailed. Liquidations of fractional shares may result in additional charges.
O que, penso, vem confirmar que a titularidade não é do cliente.
Lanço este post para ver se alguém sabe como isto funciona e para que quem investe em acções fraccionadas tenha toda a informação sobre os riscos.
submitted by jluc8 to financaspessoaispt [link] [comments]


2020.05.03 02:03 DesignSynthetics [USA-OR] [H] Modded ITX case and cooler (RVZ02B-W, Corsair H60 with 2 fans) [W] Paypal, Local Cash

EDIT: SOLD to user u/audioslaughter420 with an addition of a power supply for $170 plus shipping
Timestamp: https://imgur.com/a/EkLEiMq
Pics of my build if you want to see the case in action: https://builds.gg/designsynthetics/rvz02b-w-aio-liquid-cooling-mod-25755

I modded this case to fit a liquid cooler, it supports this 120mm AIO along with graphics cards up to 214mm (my 1080ti mini fits with about a millimeter to spare). Selling because I want to find something new, might be open to trades for other ITX cases.
You are buying:
I want to sell this bundled, asking $95 plus shipping. I have the original box and styrofoam so it will be well protected.

Silverstone website for more case info: https://www.silverstonetek.com/raven/product-rv.php?pid=606&area=en
Corsair website for more cooler info: https://www.corsair.com/us/en/Categories/Products/Liquid-Cooling/Single-Radiator-Liquid-Coolers/Hydro-Series%E2%84%A2-H60-%282018%29-120mm-Liquid-CPU-Coolep/CW-9060036-WW
submitted by DesignSynthetics to hardwareswap [link] [comments]


2020.03.21 21:15 drgeneparmesan Are We Treating Covid-19 The Wrong Way? A Deep Dive Into SARS-CoV-2: Understanding the virus and its effect on the respiratory system.

Edit: Link to PDF version with better formatting! spread to whomever you want!
SARS, MERS, and SARS-Cov-2 all share similar properties. They cause rapid onset ARDS and have varying differences in animal hosts, infectivity, virulence, and mortality. We all know that the virus enters cells via the ACE2 receptor, then spreads throughout the body. We have been using evidence-based practices which have worked in every critical care unit across the world to care for these severe ARDS patients. This disease is moving faster than we ever imagined. People may think the strain on hospital systems is just a failure of public health but I have a different theory. Is it the fault of the virus, or our lack of understanding on how it works?
One of the most exciting things about working in critical care is that our job is to come up with a presumed diagnosis, an evidence-based treatment plan, act, and see how the body reacts in real time. This is hypothesis testing that we all learned in basic science. We knew this disease was coming for quite a while and thought we were prepared. This preparation has been too little and too late. The Doctors in countries hit first by this virus gave us all the information we needed: the epidemiological data, the lab characteristics, and the treatments that worked for them. They threw the whole toolbox at these patients to see what worked!
One of my frustrations is that the only measure to control the spread of this virus is absolute quarantine in the community. This is out of our control since this responsibility lays in the hands of our elected officials.
The research done on SARS and MERS gave us extensive information about this type of virus. Studies from cardiology journals, lab research, and genetic databases have given us all the information we need about ACE2 receptors in the human body. Sadly, this disease is moving like wildfire and we don’t have the time to type the right words into Pubmed. By the time it burns through our country, someone will have the same ideas we have below. We are not unique, we are just interested fellows who saw the covid-19 tsunami warning, saw the water level drop before the wave hit, and now we have some time to compile this while you are all trying to tread water while taking care of critically ill patients.
Hypothesis: The reason SARS/MERS/SARS-CoV-2 cause ARDS is because of which cells they preferentially infect in the lung, the effect on the depletion of those cells, and the immune response to this infection. This assumes that the SARS literature also applies to SARS-CoV-2.
1) Which cells does this virus really care about? It’s a virus, all it cares is that you have an ACE2 enzyme on your surface and you are a cell. In a study from 2007 on SARS, researchers found that ACE2 was present in high concentrations on the following tissues: lung alveolar epithelial cells (type II pneumocytes -T2P) and enterocytes of the small intestine (1). Yes, you read that right, a paper from 2007.
2) What is the function of the T2P? production of surfactant, ion transport, proliferation and differentiation into type l cells after cellular injury for damage repair.
3) Why is surfactant so important in the lung? “High surface tension at the air–liquid interface has important effects on the alveolar micro-architecture and leads to a reduction in alveolar surface area by causing collapsibility of airspaces. This is counteracted by the intra-alveolar surfactant through reduction of surface tension at end-expiration (2)”
4) Does SARS (and possibly SARS-CoV-2) preferentially infect T2P? Yes! “SARS-CoV replicates in primary human alveolar type II cell cultures but not in type I-like cells (3)”
5) What is the effect on depletion of the T2P? Loss of surfactant with a resultant increase of surface tension during end-expiration and alveolar collapse2 (atelectotrauma). “Cyclical recruitment and derecruitment of lung parenchyma (D) remains a serious problem in ALI/ARDS patients, defined as atelectotrauma (4)”
6) In an autopsy review from SARS cases in Singapore, they noted injury to bronchiolar and alveolar epithelium [diffuse alveolar damage], and type II pneumocyte multinucleation (5).” Although the authors stated it was unclear which was the causative agent.
7) What is the effect of the immune response at this level? In two autopsies done on Covid-19 patients in china, “edema, proteinaceous exudate, focal reactive hyperplasia of pneumocytes with patchy inflammatory cellular infiltration [diffuse alveolar damage], and multinucleated giant cells [T2P] (6)” was seen on one of those patients. There were even suspected viral inclusions in these type 2 pneumocytes (Fig 2D).
8) Why do some people have no or mild disease while others have severe disease? “the expression of [ACE2], the receptor for SARS-CoV, was quite variable among different individuals, and cells from different donors differed in their susceptibility to SARS-CoV infection (7)”
9) Possible reason older patients have higher mortality?
a. “SARS-CoV enters the host; infects the BASCs [stem cells] of the lungs and controls its developmental stages via the molecular switches-miRNAs. Co-option of host miRNAs by viruses reveal their intelligent plan to control their replication in order to evade immune elimination until they undergo successful transmission and establish a strong infection. Thereafter, they undergo rapid mutation to maximize the target-miRNA mismatches and enhance their replication before the cell reaches at a fully differentiated state. On successful replication, the virus infects resident, infiltrating, and circulating immune cells. The circulating immune cells carry the virus to other organs and causes damages to the immune cells of spleen, peripheral and central lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. The immune defense being weakened significantly, leads to rapid deterioration of the pneumonia (8)” I suspect that is why we see such marked lymphopenia in these covid-19 patients (9).
b. “possible involvement of lung stem/progenitor cells, in addition to pneumocytes, in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection, accounting for the continued deterioration of lung tissues and apparent loss of capacity for lung repair (10)”
c. Younger patients may have more pulmonary stem cells and can repair the damage done by the virus. Just have to beat the clock of the infection and inflammation phases and go to the repair phase - this is my opinion.
More to come on implications for therapy? Below are my own opinions regarding what I have learned about the mechanisms of this disease. They have not been tested in a randomized controlled fashion, but involve minimal risk to the patient and potential avoidance of intubation. I call upon you to do the research on your own patients.
Want a Hint? Look at the Huff cough from CF literature to clear trapped air (low frequency cough) from panbronchiolitis during the exudative phase, mobilize small airways debris to the larger airways to clear it (high frequency cough).
An inspiratory hold (an awake patient can do this for 5-10 seconds), high flow devices, or even some form of low positive flow for PEEP and recruit alveolar units. It may only take low flow REGULAR nasal cannula to prevent atelectotrauma and prevent the alveoli from completely collapsing!
Proper chest physiotherapy with proning for postural drainage - Preferential semi-recumbent position while very ill leads to plugging of the dependent airways - this may be why obesity was such a risk factor in the italian cases.
Listening to the patient’s chest you may hear an absent expiratory phase because the small airways are obstructed. You will not hear wheezing because these are the small airways. You will hear air trapping if you ask them to take a deep breath, hold it, and exhale completely. Repeat this maneuver after the high frequency cough and the air trapping should be GONE.
Want to see the effect of de-recruitment? Think about when you ask a patient to take a deep breath in and out when you examine them. Instead ask them to take a deep breath in, exhale completely, then another deep breath in and hold it.
Try having a stable Covid-19 patient sing while on oxygen supplementation (11). You will be so amazed!
If a patient is acutely short of breath and dyspneic, try applying NRB for nitrogen washout and relief of trapped air then prone the non-intubated and awake patient for manual percussive chest PT. They don’t need to be intubated for chest PT.
You will be very underwhelmed by the amount of secretions, so trust your patient if they feel better.
Wear proper protection if concerned about exposure risk, and have the patient wear a mask.
Try metered dose inhaler bronchodilators (suspected bronchiolitis) and inhaled corticosteroids. A small pre-print article of 26 patients from china showed significant improvement on duration of oxygen use, and improved radiographic findings (12), which conflicts with data from SARS/MERS.
Bibliography: 1. Hamming I, Timens W, Bulthuis ML, Lely AT, Navis G, van Goor H. Tissue distribution of ACE2 protein, the functional receptor for SARS coronavirus. A first step in understanding SARS pathogenesis. J Pathol. 2004;203(2):631–637. doi:10.1002/path.1570
  1. Knudsen L, Ochs M. The micromechanics of lung alveoli: structure and function of surfactant and tissue components. Histochem Cell Biol. 2018;150(6):661–676. doi:10.1007/s00418-018-1747-9
  2. Mossel EC, Wang J, Jeffers S, et al. SARS-CoV replicates in primary human alveolar type II cell cultures but not in type I-like cells. Virology. 2008;372(1):127–135. doi:10.1016/j.virol.2007.09.045
  3. Shi C, Boehme S, Hartmann EK, Markstaller K. Novel technologies to detect atelectotrauma in the injured lung. Exp Lung Res. 2011;37(1):18–25. doi:10.3109/01902148.2010.501402
  4. Franks, T. J., Chong, P. Y., Chui, P., Galvin, J. R., Lourens, R. M., Reid, A. H., Selbs, E., Mcevoy, C. P. L., Hayden, C. D. L., Fukuoka, J., Taubenberger, J. K., & Travis, W. D. (2003). Lung pathology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): a study of 8 autopsy cases from Singapore. Human Pathology, 34(8), 743–748. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0046-8177(03)00367-8
  5. Tian S, Hu W, Niu L, Liu H, Xu H, Xiao SY. Pulmonary Pathology of Early-Phase 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pneumonia in Two Patients With Lung Cancer [published online ahead of print, 2020 Feb 28]. J Thorac Oncol. 2020;S1556-0864(20)30132-5. doi:10.1016/j.jtho.2020.02.010
  6. Qian Z, Travanty EA, Oko L, et al. Innate immune response of human alveolar type II cells infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2013;48(6):742–748. doi:10.1165/rcmb.2012-0339OC
  7. Mallick, B., Ghosh, Z., & Chakrabarti, J. (2009). MicroRNome Analysis Unravels the Molecular Basis of SARS Infection in Bronchoalveolar Stem Cells. PLoS ONE, 4(11), e7837. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007837
  8. Guan, W., Ni, Z., Hu, Y., Liang, W., Ou, C., He, J., Liu, L., Shan, H., Lei, C., Hui, D. S. C., Du, B., Li, L., Zeng, G., Yuen, K.-Y., Chen, R., Tang, C., Wang, T., Chen, P., Xiang, J., … Zhong, N. (2020). Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China. New England Journal of Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa2002032
  9. Ling TY, Kuo MD, Li CL, et al. Identification of pulmonary Oct-4+ stem/progenitor cells and demonstration of their susceptibility to SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection in vitro. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103(25):9530–9535. doi:10.1073/pnas.0510232103
  10. Salomoni S, van den Hoorn W, Hodges P. Breathing and Singing: Objective Characterization of Breathing Patterns in Classical Singers. PLoS One. 2016;11(5):e0155084. Published 2016 May 9. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155084
  11. Wang Y, Jiang W, He Q, Wang C, Wang B, Zhou P, Dong N, Tong Q, (2020) Early, low-dose and short-term application of corticosteroid treatment in patients with severe COVID-19 pneumonia: single-center experience from Wuhan, China. medRxiv: 2020.2003.2006.20032342
submitted by drgeneparmesan to medicine [link] [comments]


2020.03.16 23:53 mocklogic Mycopresley (Threat) - Fungal Elvis Monsters from my previous Time Travel Game

After a post by another user, I though it might be fun to share this gem from my past Wacky time travel game. Yes, the idea is a blend of Elvis in the Attic by Catherine M. Morrison and Ice Pirates "space herpes" but more twisted. A few of the strains were sourced form other Fate fans on Google+ back when the game was running.
In one session the players were sent to encounter the Titanic III, a lost Timeliner that turned out to have been sabotaged with multiple Elvii infestations. I was short players for a session a while later, so I had the player's time ship get infested with Elvii for them to deal with, which resulted in the only situation in my gaming history where I've seen a player roll to not get out of a monster's stomach.
I also had a really fun reveal of the buggers when a player of a intelligent raptor got success at cost on a Lore roll before encountering the first one. I gave him a 100% accurate description, but intentionally skewed the description to make it sound like Elves instead of Elvis. Bright colored clothing, like music, plant related, etc.
So here they are...

Mycopresley

Mycopresley are the vermin of the time stream. They are a constant problem in large cities frequented by time travelers, often forming chronic infestations of sewer systems, abandoned buildings, etc. Even medium sized time-crafts have been known to harbor infestations within their superstructures and waste disposal systems. Larger crafts may have chronic infestations that are managed but never fully eradicated.
In most cases, the infestations are annoying but not hazardous. A handful of Mycopresley crooning away, their songs echoing through ductwork, can keep you up at night, but they are rarely known to attack people. The worst outcome with most strains is that they consume food stores needed for longer journeys. There are, however, a handful of rare strains that are actually dangerous, either through direct physical violence or through consuming structural materials that can result in collapse or accidents.

Biology

Mycopresley are not genuine clones of Elvis. They aren't even mammals, but are instead a strange form of fungus. Their life-cycle starts as a spore, small enough to drift on the wind. If they land somewhere warm, damp, and with a reasonable amount of decaying matter, they grow into a human-sized pod over the course of a few days. After as little as a week, the pod cracks open to reveal a full sized "adult" Elvis.
Elvii (the plural of Elvis) appear fully clothed, although this is actually just their outer layers of fungal-flesh. Detailed scans of Elvii reveal they contain no bones, but instead support their weight with a series of fibrous layers. Elvii don't contain blood, but instead circulate a green slime that more closely resembles sap in plants than animal blood.
Elvii area able to feed on nearly any organic matter, but most have a preference for human food, with a particular passion for fried foods, bananas, and peanut butter. Urban Elvii have been known to dig through garbage cans, or lurk in sewers in order to feed.
Elvii that are able to feed consistently for long enough eventually become bloated, and slow moving. At a certain point, chemical triggers in their system cause them seek a tall or drafty place, where they can hunker-down and spread-out into a bulbous fungal mass. This mass eventually splits open to spread spores via the wind, and the life cycle starts over. The exact amount of time this takes varies by strain and by available food.

Capabilities

Elvii tend to have the intellect of a small human child. Most can speak and understand a limited amount of English, but aren't generally able to form complex plans. Most Elvii are unable to read.
Each Elvii posses a limited amount of memories related to the real Elvis Presley, but the memories are spotty, as if they had been built from Elvis biographies and films instead of from the real memories of a person. Many Elvii posses knowledge musical knowledge inappropriate to the type of Elvis they appear to be, such a Young Elvis being able to sing songs from late in Elvis's career.

Gameplay

Elvis Skill

Each Elvis strain has the "Elvis" skill which dictates how close to the King they seem, and is used to determine how good they are at singing and how many of Elvis memories they can recall.

Aspects

Each Elvis strain also has 3 aspects common to their type. These are typically the title or lyrics from a song Elvis performed, and a Fungus related pun.

Kings' Bar and Grill

In the City at the Edge of Never is a bar called Kings' Bar and Grill, which is entirely staffed with Elvii, and is owned and operated by what is largely considered the oldest, and most intelligent, living Elvis fungal-clone. This King of Kings, often just called King, is thought to be a Type 66 Elvii that was smart enough to control his diet to the point that he never blooms. He has had less success training his fellow Elvii how to extend their own life this way, especially considering the menu of fried foods the bar serves.

Strains

Scientists working for the Eternal Empire of Rome have cataloged well over 300 different types of Elvii, each with a different appearance, habits, and intellect. Generally those with a lower number are more common while those with a higher number are less common.

17 - Young Elvis

One of the more common varieties, Young Elvii are also among the least intelligent, but most curious. They frequently get run over by cars, get stuck in sewers or vents, or otherwise get into trouble. This high mortality rate is made up for by their fast life cycle and tendency to wonder far and wide. An infestation of Young Elvii can spread very quickly and is difficult to fully contain.
Aspects:

66 - Rockabilly Elvis

Type 66 Elvii are among the most performance driven Elvii. They actively seek out an audience to perform for, even if it's just an empty room full of dummies or clothes on hangars. Their amicable ways and love of showmanship means they are often rather pleasant to have around, at least individually. Many time ship crews have inadvertently spread an Elvii #66 infestation by trying to keep on as a pet on a long voyage. Invariably it finds something to gorge on and spores.
Aspects:

43 - Vegas Elvis

Large, sweaty, flashily "dressed", and always hungry; Vegas Elvii are one of the least desirable of the common strains. Vegas type Elvii can spread quickly because of the gluttonous instincts of the strain are ratcheted way up.
Aspects:

89 - Jailhouse Elvis

Type 89 Elvii possess a magpie-like love of shinny objects and other valuables, and thanks to the Elvis memories they posses, they know money is valuable too. Jailhouse Elvii posses a fear of people uncommon in other strains, and prefer to lurk in darkness and shadows. Type 89 frequently demonstrate abilities beyond what the real Elvis likely had, including a phenomenal ability to climb and superior night vision.
Aspects:

94 - Hula Elvis

A version of Elvis with a grass skirt, loud tropical shirt, leis, and bongo drums. This strain's drums can be particularly loud and marked, making it a strain that is easy to notice once an infestation is underway. One can't easily miss a half dozen bongo drum playing Elvii.
Aspects:

119 - Hound Dog

This abnormal strain abandons the pretense of looking human, instead appearing like canine/human hybrid of almost cartoonish appearance. This particular strain is particularly friendly, with all the personality of a happy go-lucky rocker mixed with a Labrador retriever. It also features heightened, dog-like, senses, as well as a nasty bite when provoked.
Aspects:

201 - Wood Boring Elvis

Thought to be a mutant strain instead of a developed variety, Wood Boring Elvii have an odd preference for eating wood, paper, and other cellulose material. Type 201 will eat through books, furniture, and even wooden buildings. An infestation of the Elvii can be extremely dangerous if left unchecked and can result in structural damage or even structure collapse.
Aspects:

231 - Drugged Out Elvis

This type of Elvii is a caricature of the later stages of Elvis's life, and have special organs which generate a variety of drugs to keep them in a constant state of being high on any number of various substances. This strain is typically not very lucid, and while they do attempt to perform like any other Elvii, they are often too stoned to sing lyrics intelligibly.
Elvii of this variety rarely survive to complete their life cycle in the wild due to their drug-limited capacity. Type 231 Elvii are sometimes intentionally grown by black-market drug-suppliers specifically to be harvested for their drugs. Imperial scientist suspect the strain is a cultivated variety intended for this purpose.
Aspects:

260 - Flaming Elvis

A thankfully rare variety of Elvii, these large sweaty humanoid fungi exude a flammable gel instead of sweat, and contain sacks of explosive liquids within their large frames which provide a unique ending to their life cycle. In appearances, Flaming Elvii are easily mistaken for the strain of Vegas Elvii, but are easily ignited by sparks or small flames, and can even spontaneously ignite by becoming overly excited. An ignited Elvis will remain mobile and active for an extended period of burning before eventually burning out as they run out of flammable sweat, then explode as their internal pockets go up. When a Flaming Elvis burns and especially when they explode, their flames and smoke carries their spores. Flaming Elvii aren't just dangerous due to their explosive natures, they are also a hazard because they are drawn to feed on expensive and possibly dangerous chemicals, like aircraft fuel.
Aspects:

265 - Blue Boy

This particular strain, marked by their blue shoes and constant tears, are in a perpetual depression and melancholy. They find everything terribly sad and heart breaking. When convinced to perform, they only sing the blues.
Aspects:

277 - Army Elvis

Thought to be an experiment in the militarization of the Elvii strains, the Army strain are "born" soldiers instead of singers. They immediately take orders, know how to use basic weaponry, and even a moderate amount of hand to hand combat training.
If it was a military experiment,the strain, unfortunately, got into the wild. Many governments react swiftly to an infestation of type 277 Elvii because they can easily be bred into an eager army. Thankfully the Elvii don't emerge from their pods armed. These Elvii know how to use a gun if handed one, but aren't "born" with a rifle.
Aspects:

313 - Midget Kannibal King

A rare and dangerous strain, thought to be a natural mutation away from being Elvis like and towards true predatory behavior. These Elvii and short, fast, and have sharp teeth more like a shark than a human. Instead of scavenging or performing for food, they hunt and consume fresh kills. Their small size means they develop faster, hide better, and reproduce with less food intake. Type 313 Elvii typically hunt in packs, humming and whistling bits of elvis tunes as a means to communicate tactics.
Aspects:

314 - Chernobilly Boogies

A possibly unique strain mutated from the standard Vegas variety through excessive radiation durring a failed attempt to sterilize a Khanite warship. The Chernobilly strain is not entirely humanoid and is much more malleable with abnormal growths and lopsided asymmetries. They also feature multiple rows of sharp teeth and seemingly capable of eating nearly anything, but with a preference for live food.
When exposed to intense radiation, the Chernobilly strain dies, but glowing larval-elvii emerge from the corpse.
Aspects:

315 - Elviramoeba

Boss Class Monsters
Under one extreme circumstances a mass of Type 314 Chernobilly merged into a large fungal mass, giving up all semblance of individual humanoid forms and becomes a tangled mass of mutant Elvis faces, and feeding/signing mounts on flesh colored tentacles, able to rapidly absorb organics to add to its own mass, and with a bad habit of not chewing it's food.
The mass extended feeding tentacles of various sizes through-out a large ship, seeking all kinds of food.
Aspects:
Stunts:
submitted by mocklogic to FATErpg [link] [comments]


2020.02.28 15:50 iPlayAtW0rk Intimidated by this host's ad.

https://wwoofusa.org/use376496#
Holy guacamole, Batman! Where do we begin with this listing? First I'd like to point out that they seem to have excellent reviews, and I'm pretty skeptical about how these came to be considering the scrutinizing interview process, requirements, and extremely detailed rules that people have to adhere to.
PLEASE be sure to read all our rules and guidelines before applying. Happy reading! Hope to hear from you!
You got it! Let's take a moment to review what this host has to say. Currently they're looking for male and female WWOOFers:
The male wwoofer would need to have experience in the areas of maintenance (carpentry, handyman skills, painting, etc.) and grounds keeping. He would also learn to work in our aquaponic Garden raising food for our farm to table Bistro.
The female wwoofer would be cooking in our farm to table Bistro and learning to make floral arrangements, leis and flower crowns for weddings and other events.
Now, I'd say my political correctness level is about the same as your average person, so I see this as assigning roles based on gender, and that aint right. Why don't they just let people work where they wanna work? Well, I guess it's their plantatio- farm! I mean farm, so it's their rules.
We also have an immediate position in the area of MAINTENANCE/LANDSCAPING at the owner's private residence.
Wow! Imagine working for free and not learning anything.
Applicants must be interested, and experienced in, at least one of the following areas:
Some of which include... "Nanny work", "Dog Care", and "Customer service". Really? What does this have to do with agriculture?
I (the Nursery owner) am also looking for help at my home... I am needing help with home repairs, yard maintenance, gardening, and heavy cleaning. Must be physically fit and experienced. I am remodeling and downsizing my home with the goal of renting out half my home and living in the other half.
Again, nothing to do with agriculture.
Must be able to demonstrate a clear criminal record, have a valid driver's license and clear driving abstract, show proof of current health insurance and be willing to get a flu shot for the upcoming fall/winter season.
How is anyone expected to have health insurance while working for free?
If you scroll down further, you'll see a wall of rules and insane cleanliness requirements. Here's one quote that I feel summarizes how insane this is:
Please make sure everything is clean and tidy in the house and kitchen before going to bed. If it looks like you can take a photo for “Realtors.com” then you are good to go to sleep :)!
Here are a few other crazy rules I've seen:
Limited use of AC is approved in the on the hotter days in the summer. Approval to turn on AC should be granted by Katie or Patty beforehand.
Sanitize all counters with bleach rag after every meal or snack.
Clean the toaster and toaster oven after each use (dump crumbs in sink/trash, wipe outside and inside, wash pan/rack as needed)
Wipe-out the inside and outside of the microwave with a bleach wipe/towel after each use. If liquid overflows, remove tray – wash, dry and replace.
And there are many more like these. Most of the writing in this ad has nothing to do with agriculture. They are looking for free labor. Did I mention they expect you to take care of their dogs, too?
With all this said, has anyone ever "WWOOFed" for a place that had an ad like this? Was it as crazy as they made it sound? How many places are like this? Does anyone have a recommendation where the hosts aren't insane or just looking for free labor?
submitted by iPlayAtW0rk to WWOOF [link] [comments]


2020.01.14 07:53 perfumefetish (SELL) Newer & Vintage Fragrances

Looking to let go some of my perfumes that I just do not wear or care for anymore. All prices are USD. I will accept Paypal. Shipping not included in price quote. Contact me so I can calculate ship cost for you. I will ship internationally. All orders final.
Sunflowers by Elizabeth Arden 3.3 oz Eau de Toilette Spray, with box, I just removed the cellophane so this was never used. The cap has a crack in one side. The bottle is full. This is a newer formulation probably made after 2010. Sunflowers by Elizabeth Arden is classified as a fruity floral fragrance for women and was launched in 1993. Price: $35.

Andy Warhol Pop for Her by Andy Warhol 1 oz (30ml) Eau de Toilette Spray, with box. The bottle is 100% full. I just tested it and it still smells good and is wearable. Launched in 2005. Created by Michel Almairac. This is a discontinued perfume. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price $25.

Peony & Blush Suede by Jo Malone 1 oz (30ml) Cologne Spray and Box. The bottle is full - please see picture for actual fill line. I only sprayed it once. The perfume still smells good and is wearable. Peony & Blush Suede by Jo Malone London was launched in 2013 and is classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $45.

Eau de Naphe by Comptoir Sud Pacifique 3.4 oz Eau de Toilette Spray and box. This is a tester bottle so there is no cap or fancy box. The perfume is 100% full and still smells great. I hate to get rid of this one because it is so beautiful, but the scent makes me sneeze. The batch code is "73770107." This number is printed on the bottom of the bottle, as well as printed on the box. Launched in 2007, Eau de Naphe is classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $65.

Eclat de Jasmin Armani Prive by Giorgio Armani 1.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray. No box. Bottle about 80% or more full. The bottle is opaque so I cannot see fill level. It feels pretty full and I rarely used it. It still smells good. Launched in 2006 and classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $145.

Love in Black by Creed 2.5 oz Millesime Spray with Box. Bottle is full. I just tested this and it still smells good. The bottle was autographed by Oliver Creed when purchased at Neiman Marcus, original $240 price tag still on box. Box has some wear from storage and the autographs have some wear. Launched in 2008, it is classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $175.

Balenciaga Paris L'Essence by Balenciaga 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and Box. Bottle nearly full, still smells good. Launched in 2011 as a green floral fragrance for women. Notes: vetiver, patchouli, violet, violet leaf, green notes, sandalwood and cedar. Price: $95. SOLD

Crystal Noir by Versace 3 oz Eau de Toilette Spray and Box. Bottle is full, I only sprayed it once. It still smells good. Batch code is 2J2282 for 2012. Launched in 2004 as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price: $95.

Live in Love by Oscar de la Renta 1 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and box. The bottle is about 100% full of the original perfume. The perfume still smells good. Batch code is 1002B. Launched in 2009. It is classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $35.

Aromatics in Black by Clinique 1.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray with Box. Sprayed once. Perfume still smells good. Launched in 2015. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price: $75.

Si Lolita by Lolita Lempicka 1 oz Eau de Parfum Spray (not original box). About 75% full. Still smells good. Batch code 0K204 on the base of bottle means that this perfume was made in September 2010.Si Lolita was launched in 2009. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price: $35.

Who Knew? by 4160 Tuesdays Eau de Parfum Spray. No box. The bottle is 75% full. The lettering on the bottle is worn. I think it is 1.7 oz. Launched in 2013 as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price: $65.

Rosamor by Oscar de la Renta 1.6 oz Eau de Toilette Spray and Box. The bottle is about 100% full. The perfume is still wearable as I just tested it and it still smells good to me. This is not the original box, but a replacement I had just in case you wanted to give this as a gift. Launched in 2004. It is classified as a floral woody musk fragrance for women. Price: $45.

Delices by Cartier 1 oz Pure Parfum Spray and Box. This bottle was from the original launch of the perfume in 2006. The bottle was sprayed once. The perfume still smells good. Launched in 2006 as a fruity floral fragrance for women. Price: $125.

Mitsouko by Guerlain 1 oz Eau de Toilette Spray 2005 Batch. No box. The perfume is about 99% full and still smells great. The batch code is "5L01" for 2005. It is classified as a fruity chypre fragrance for women. Price: $65.

Crystal d'Ambre Perfume by Keiko Mecheri 2.5 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and Box. Original Bottle. The bottle is full. I only sprayed this once, I just do not like the scent. This is the original style bottle with the old cap. Launched in 2009. It is classified as a oriental fragrance for women. From an obsessive quest, an exceptional amber was born. An incomparable perfume, classy and comfortable, soft and tactile. Price: $145.

Soleil Liquide Perfume by Memoire Liquide 1.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray in Box. The bottle is full. I just removed the cellophane to test this and the perfume still smells good and is wearable. The sprayer pops off when you press on it and you need to put it back on. This is a factory defect. Launched in 2009, it is classified as a citrus aromatic fragrance for women. It reinterprets tingling of sun rays with beautiful notes of fresh citrus notes on subtle woods and white musk. It is a part of the Memoire Liquide Reserve collection . This was a limited edition, discontinued and is very hard to find. Price: $65.

Alluring Perfume by Boadicea the Victorious 3.4 oz Eau de Parfum Spray. No box. Batch code on base is 22783. The bottle is full. I only sprayed this once, I just do not like the scent. It smells very resinous, woody, reminds me of red wine, woods and honey with a trace of fruit and flowers. Bottle stands 4.75" tall. The pewter was made by A E Williams Pewter, the oldest family run pewter company in the world. The perfume is old and no longer fresh. Launched in 2005. It is classified as a fruity floral fragrance for women. According to Boadicea the Victorious "Alluring is a sumptuously rich and decadent fragrance that is simply captivating. It is a glorious scent that is bursting with sensuality. The honey mingles deliciously among the floral tones, ensuring its sweetness is balanced with luscious berries and soft enveloping musk. Alluring is a voluptuous scent with a mischievous personality." Price: $165.

Vintage 2003 Les 4 Saisons Ete Perfume by M. Micallef 1 oz Eau de Parfum Spray in Box. The bottle is about 95% full. I just tested it and the perfume still smells good and is wearable. The original style bottle is pretty with gold painted design on front and three green rhinestone accents. Launched in 2003, Ete is classified as a fresh fruity fragrance for women. It is a part of the collection Les 4 Saisons. This was a limited edition, discontinued and is very hard to find. Price: $125.

Golden Amber Perfume by Becker.Eshaya 2.03 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and Box. The bottle is about 85% full. It is fresh and wearable and still smells very good. I have used it myself but I just don't wear it anymore. Launched in 2007. It is classified as an oriental woody fragrance for women. Price: $125.

Vintage Vera Wang Perfume by Vera Wang 0.5 oz Pure Parfum Splash and box. The bottle is about 85% full. The perfume is old and not as fresh as it once was. The batch code is B272. The outer box has some stains and wear from storage. Launched in 2003. It is classified as a floral fragrance for women. Price: $125.

Shakespeare in Love Perfume by A Dozen Roses 3.4 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and box. Brand new with box, I only sprayed this once. This retailed for $125. It was a blind buy for me and I just don't care for the scent, too much rose! So my loss is your gain. Launched in 2011. It is classified as a fruity floral fragrance for women. Price: $95.

Notorious Perfume by Ralph Lauren 1.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray Tester. No box or cap. This is a store tester that I received from a friend who worked at Macy's and the lettering has worn off the side, also there are no labels on the bottle. The batch code 13E11H corresponds to 2008, the year the fragrance was launched. I estimate it to be about 90% full. The fragrance has been discontinued by Ralph Lauren. Launched in 2008. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Price: $55.

Gold by Donna Karan 1.7 oz Eau de Parfum Spray. No box. The batch code A67 on the base corresponds to June 2007. Donna Karan Gold was launched in 2006. According to Donna Karan, gold has always attracted her by its passion and power, and as a designer, she has always liked combinations of gold and black color. She finally succeeded in creating a fragrance to reflect its warmth, power and attractiveness. The fragrance is built of two main elements, which carry a scent of gold: lily from Casablanca and amber. Lily is intoxicating and sparkling, it attracts and seduces, while amber is warm, as a touch of gold. This complicated and powerful, but also gentle and feminine fragrance includes the following notes: lily, amber, acacia, white cloves, gold balm, golden pollen and patchouli from East Asia.The eau de parfum bottle has gilded metal with a hand hammered effect on two sides. Price: $55.

Vintage Mahora by Guerlain 1 oz Eau de Parfum Spray and Box. The bottle is full of the original perfume. The batch code is MA06T which corresponds to November 2000, meaning this is from the original launch and well before any IFRA regulations and reformulations. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. Mahora has been discontinued and can be hard to find. The perfume formula was tweaked and renamed Mayotte and launched as part of the Les Parisiennes collection in 2005, Mayotte was discontinued in 2016. Price: $115.

Vintage Initial by Boucheron 3.4 oz (100ml) Eau de Parfum Spray. No box. The bottle is full - the bottle is opaque so I cannot see the actual fill line unless held up to a very strong light. The perfume is old and no longer fresh, but I just tested it and it still smells good and is wearable. It reminds me of Python by Trussardi, very nice! The batch code is 0F8. Launched in 2000. It is classified as a floral oriental fragrance for women. It was discontinued by 2011 when the Boucheron fragrance license was acquired by Interparfums. Price: $125.

Vintage Volupte by Oscar de la Renta 1.6 oz (50ml) Eau de Toilette Spray and box. The bottle is 100% full. The perfume still smells good. This is not the original box, but a replacement I had just in case you wanted to give this as a gift. Volupte by Oscar de la Renta was launched in 1992 and is classified as a green floral fragrance for women. Price: $55.

Vintage Ambre Perfume by Reminiscence 0.68 oz (20ml) Eau de Toilette Spray. No box. Bottle is full, perfume is old and not as fresh as it once was., still smells good. Originally launched in 1970 as an oriental woody fragrance for women. Price: $55.

Vintage Cerruti Image Woman by Cerruti 2.5 oz (75ml) Eau de Toilette Spray. No box. The bottle is 75% full. The perfume is old and no longer as fresh as it once was, but I just tested it on my skin and it still smells good and is wearable. Very fresh and green! Launched in 1998. It is classified as a citrus aromatic fragrance for women. Price: $115.

Vintage Emporio Armani She Perfume 1.7 oz Eau de Toilette Spray and box. This fragrance is also known as "lei", "elle", "she", "ella" due to the names being on the packaging. The bottle feels full - but it is opaque metal so I cannot see the actual fill line. The box has wear from age and storage. The batch code is "UU349". The perfume is old and no longer fresh as it once was. I just tested it on my skin and the perfume smells turned to me. I am not familiar with this fragrance so I am unsure how it actually is supposed to smell. Please keep this in mind if you plan to purchase as there will be no returns or refunds on any perfume. She is classified as an oriental vanilla fragrance for women. Price: $65.
submitted by perfumefetish to PerfumeExchange [link] [comments]


2020.01.07 23:53 MagentaHamster English Translation of Issue #05 Angels And The Damned

Link to translation here.
General Notes
Original Italian = O.I.
French = F.
2009-2010 Italian Reprints = R.I.
Original pages from The Book of Gabriel (which is in Spanish) = B.O.G.
Notes For This Issue
Sorry this took so long. A lot of the artwork needed to be cleaned up or just reconstructed. This issue takes a previous comic by Carlos Trillo and Meglia, called The Book of Gabriel, and works it into the story. Why they did this, I don't know, however my theory that they did it to flesh out older works of theirs would fit. The Book of Gabriel is short and has a very abrupt, unsatisfying ending. I can't honestly say that the ending it's given here is any better, but it is an actual ending. It then gets hand waved away at the end with Cybersix telling herself that the events she just witnessed weren't real and never happened.
Know what I love about this issue though? Carlos Trillo had the balls to write a bunch of the characters referring to Gabriel's story (the real life comic he wrote) as a masterpiece. I like Book of Gabriel for what it is but... no, no it is not a masterpiece. It's the comic equivalent of a T.V. pilot episode that couldn't be bothered to re-write it's ending when it became clear they weren't getting picked up.
All Archangel names are translated to their Anglo version and gender swapped Michael is Michelle.
There are some baffling editing decisions that were made in the R.I. version for this issue. In previous issues I've translated, it was usually just the occasional word bubble not being filled in, but whoever edited this one dropped the ball.
If someone can hook me up with a cbr file of the coloured version of The Book of Gabriel, I'll edit that into English too.
Page 4 Well, this is odd. In O.I. the thought bubble that says "But..." in the top left hand panel is coming from Cybersix, even though the Fixed Idea is saying it. In F. and R.I. it's coming from him. Usually O.I. is the one that has the bubbles coming from the right place when there's a difference. Here it's the other way around. I edited in the R.I. panel.
Page 7 https://i.imgur.com/chLmVFm.png Only in the R.I. version, the word bubble of Rodi saying "Professor Seidelman" is left blank.
Page 8 In O.I. and R.I. Rodi says "You're a Professor of literature and don't know the latest news?" In F. he says "You're a Professor of literature and don't know the masterpiece of masterpieces?" I split the difference and kind of combined the two translations ("the latest masterpiece").
Also, this is a minor detail that doesn't translate into English, but I love how Rodi is using the formal word for "you" in both languages (Lei with a capital 'L' for Italian and vous for French) to be a smart-ass to his teacher.
Page 9 https://i.imgur.com/Xh7L2FB.png Adrian's pointing to the photo on the back cover of the book in O.I., where as in F and R.I. he's pointing to... nothing, because they removed all the art for some reason.
Page 11 "I hope he doesn't have the habits of a chicken." I have no idea what this phrase means. Do chickens act differently when the lights go out?
Page 18 Gabriel's last name is Custode in O.I., Gardien in F. and Laguardia in R.I. and B.O.G. All three versions basically mean "Guardian". I left it as Laguardia. The street he lives on is 7 Heaven Street in O.I., 7 Rue Leonia (Leonia Street) in F., 7 Via Leoni (Leoni Street, Leoni also means "Lions") in R.I., and 7 Via della Crocce in B.O.G.
Now, even though B.O.G. is the original and is written in (I assume) Trillo and Meglia's native language (Spanish), I think they misspelled this. "Via della" is Italian, not Spanish (The Spanish equivalent of this would be "Camino de la"), and while "Crocce" doesn't mean anything in either Italian or Spanish, "Croce" means Cross in Italian. Via della Crocce means "Way of the Cross" and is a place in Rome. As much as I want to keep my translations accurate to the original source, I can't use the B.O.G. address because it doesn't actually take place in the Cybersix universe/Meridiana. I really don't want to use the O.I. one because "Gabriel Guardian at 7 Heaven Street" is too on the nose. I decided to use the F. address.
Page 21 https://i.imgur.com/cMCFaEc.png In O.I., the splattered blood isn't there. It looks like the editor used too big of a font and didn't resize it. Not really an excuse since the blood is mentioned in the word bubble above it. It's there in the other three versions, although in R.I. they actually forgot to put in the writing on the postcard.
In the O.I. the dead boy's name is Toby Natal. In the other three versions it's Toby Nadal. I used the later.
Page 22 Adrian's thought bubble, recapping what he's just read, refers to the character that just died as "Raffaele" (Raphael) in O.I. where as in F and R.I. he refers to them as Michael, which doesn't make sense since the character actually is Raphael and he told Gabriel to get Michael's help.
O.I. and F. use the phrase "Daughter of a bitch". This phrase has popped up before. I really don't like using it because it's a phrase that sounds weird and unnatural in English, not to mention... are they calling von Reichter a bitch? It doesn't make sense.
Page 24 Middle right panel. O.I. has scribble lines in the book. F. and R.I. are left blank.
Page 25 https://i.imgur.com/mNsNAki.png Only in the O.I. is the word box along the top of the page present. Consequently, the artwork at the bottom of O.I. is cut off to accommodate the spacing. I re-added the cut off artwork and reluctantly kept the word box. I hate that it's there, but it does kinda, sorta make it less obvious that this is a separate comic crammed into another comic.
In the B.O.G. and F., Gabriel blames himself for Hiroshima and says he feels guilty. In both Italian versions he says Michael blamed him. Then in the next middle panel, the dialogue gets a bit different between all the versions.
O.I. and R.I: "He wants to be the best ... damn it!"
"But of course, Raphael must have been killed ..."
"it's a miracle that he managed to write to me before departing."
F: "But at least there's one positive."
"They're convinced that they've killed Raphael ..."
"...before he could warn me."
B.O.G.: "He's very competitive, the swine!"
"... of course, Raphael must have been killed ..."
"...he manage to send the note, before departing... thankfully ..."
Page 27 Just a minor thing here. Obviously in B.O.G. Michael/Michelle doesn't tell Gabriel they'll take the first flight to Meridiana, he/she just says they'll take the first flight to him.
Page 29 Only in O.I. does Gabriel refer to Michael/Michelle as Michelle. In the other three versions he still refers to them as Michael. It isn't until a specific, significant point in the original comic (page 56 of O.I.) that he uses the name Michelle. For my translation, I followed how and when B.O.G. uses the names Michael and Michelle.
Page 30 & 31 Uuuuugh D: The artwork is cut off at the bottom and a little on the edges in O.I., sort of cut off in R.I., and not cut off in F and B.O.G. However, the artwork in B.O.G. is very faded (page 31 is really bad). These two pages are edited together with the best bits from all versions.
Page 32 https://i.imgur.com/eVc4jP6.png In B.O.G., the artwork of the bad buys and their dialogue is purposely faded. It's much more visible in the other three versions. You can also see that the O.I. has the right side of the box cut off (the whole page is like this, I think it's the way it was scanned), but it's longer on the left side than the F version (R.I. version to). I used the B.O.G. panel.
Page 33 In all four versions Gabriel says the following: "Toby, Get up and walk". "As everyone knows, when Jesus resurrected Lazarus, he said exactly that." Uhh... no. He didn't say anything close to that. The line in John 11:43 (in several different versions of English, Spanish, French and Italian mind you) is "Lazarus, come out/forth". I actually think Carlos Trillo got his Bible versus mixed up, because the line "Get up and walk" appears in Acts 3:6 when Peter heals a crippled beggar. I changed the line to "Toby, come forth" so it's actually correct. An Archangel wouldn't make a mistake like that.
(And that's also ignoring that in the bible, Jesus doesn't even go into the tomb, he stands outside with everyone else and... never mind, fuck it. The internal logic of Book of Gabriel doesn't make any sense).
Gabriel makes reference to something Jesus drew when resurrecting Lazarus. The word that's used in all four versions translates to "design" or "pattern" or "drawing". I felt that none of these words really fit in English so I used the word "symbol".
Lazarus changes his last name to something similar to Lazarus in O.I., R.I., and B.O.G. (Lazzaro to Germain Lazarre, Lazzaro to Germaine Lazare, and Lazaro to Germaine Lazarre respectivly) except in French, where it stays the same (Lazare to Germain Lazare). For English, I translated the name to Germain Lazarre.
Also, on this page in R.I. his last name is spelled differently than it's been spelled on the previous pages with an extra 'Z'. The R.I. has the worst editing out of all of them so I'm not surprised.
Page 34 For some reason, only in the O.I. the phrases in the word bubbles of the top right panel are in a different order than the other three. In the left panel it ends with "The men of the evil one know my appearance in this life. They're probably standing around ready to liquidate me as soon as I get close." then goes into "And I have to stay alive until I've resurrected Toby." then "I hope Lazarus remembers the symbol that Jesus made." and then ends with "You’re staying at my place tonight, right?" In the other three versions, the right panel starts with "You’re staying at my place tonight, right?" and then continues on with Gabriel's concerns about Toby and getting the symbol. I used the O.I. order because it makes more sense.
Page 38 Top right panel. In O.I. the tiny sign in the background says "Meat", in F and R.I. it says "Carnes". I have no idea why it's in English for O.I. since the word for meat is basically the same in Italian, but I appreciate it.
Page 39 https://i.imgur.com/ZYUab2i.png The left and top side of the panel has more artwork in B.O.G. In the other 3 versions it's cut off. I adjusted my page so that the extra art could fit.
The Marquee is also different in the O.I. than the other 3 versions (Cecil B. DeMille's name is mispelled in all versions though). "The 10 Commandments" is mangled in O.I., so I fixed it with pages from the other versions. The words at the top of O.I. say "anthology", in the other three versions it says "Ciclo especial" which means "special series". I'm not 100% what this would be in English, but I think "Special Feature" is close enough.
Page 40 https://i.imgur.com/juMHydK.png Only in O.I. is the word "especiale" erased from the window.
In another glowing display of ineptitide from the R.I. version, the word bubble in the top right panel is left empty and whoever edited this not only put the words in the picture of glasses on the window, but has Michelle say "e adesso" twice. I can't imagine why this publishing house went bankrupt.
Page 42 https://i.imgur.com/pfNoDCQ.png Only in O.I. is the English dialogue in the top panel correct. I used that. Moses is spelled incorrectly in all versions though. I fixed it as best I could.
Page 43 Aaaaaaand now the O.I. erased the "sort of" English in the top two panels and added word bubbles for the Italian words to go in, but kept the English in the middle panels. Also, I've never seen The 10 Commandments, but I've got a hunch the English lines are bit off. I corrected the spelling of Moses again, and changed "Soo??" to "Who??".
https://i.imgur.com/xT2DmDV.png In all four versions, the quality of the top panels are varying degrees of awful. It's clearly a still from the movie, but I can't find it online. If someone can send me a pic I'd appreciate it. I'd like to try and edit the top panels to be a bit cleaner (and maybe have better English).
In the bottom panel, the O.I. version added some much needed stems to the word bubbles so you know who's talking. These aren't in the other three versions. I kept them in.
Page 49 I moved the bottom panel over a bit because the car is cut off in O.I. (and to a lesser degree in F. and R.I.).
Page 56 Middle right panel is the point in B.O.G. when Gabriel starts referring to Michael as Michelle, so this is when I did it in my translation.
Page 58 This is literally where B.O.G. ends. I can see why people say this comic feels rushed and unfinished.
Page 59 Gabriel:"Let me in. I'm not your enemy and I have pizza"
Adrian: "Okay"
Page 61 F and R.I. have Gabriel mention at the end of the page that he wanted to get published in magazines like Isaac Asimov.
Page 64 Mr. Infer in the O.I. becomes Mr. Enfer in the F. and R.I. versions. Enfer means Hell in French and Inferno means Hell in Italian. I kept it as Infer for English since it still works (although I was tempted to change it to Mr.Lew Siffer since this whole page reads like a Jack Chick tract anyway).
https://i.imgur.com/BQGN1kO.png The R.I. has some quality centering in the word bubble in the bottom left panel ¬_¬
Page 66 https://i.imgur.com/mil28AN.png I know I'm harping on the R.I. a lot, but I feel like whoever edited this forgot to remove some note they had on the page, or accidentally copy and pasted something different, because the word bubble here makes no sense and I'm struggling to understand how you make a mistake like this.
Page 68 https://i.imgur.com/ouyUWJh.png The F. and R.I. lazily erased the stems connecting word bubbles for some reason. Also, in R.I., the word bubble that says "Amore mio" still has some of the original text in it. https://i.imgur.com/KhlLLpZ.png
The box on top of the cabinet that Adrian's Cybersix outfit is in says "King Shirts" in English in O.I. and "Camisas Chemea" in F. and R.I. Camisas means shirts in Spanish and "Chemea" is apparently a store in Argentina, possibly Buenos Aires specifically. I combined the two because I like the little details that remind you that Meridiana is based on Buenos Aires.
Page 76 In F. and R.I., the first three word bubbles are in a slightly different order than O.I., but the same information is conveyed. O.I. basically goes "we met an insane scientist", "capture an archangel to make a weapon of chaos", and "clone angel and re-wire their brain". F. and R.I. go "capture archangel/weapon of chaos", "clone angel/re-wire brain" and "WHY YES WE HAVE MET AN INSANE SCIENTIST". I used the O.I. order because it made more sense and flowed better.
This page and the next two all have art cut off in different places on the edges between the three versions. I merged as much as I could to make the art as complete as possible.
Page 85 José calls the Michelle clone Angelica Uno in both O.I. and R.I., and Angélique Un in F. Both translate to the word angelic, but can also be the female name Angelica. I translated it as Angelic One. I think if they meant for the name to translate as Angel One, they would have used the words Ange in French and in Angelo/Angela in Italian. Also, the number is spelled out like other character names with numbers (Data 7 aside).
Page 89 In O.I., the sign says "Magazzino 9" (Warehouse 9). In F. and R.I. it says "Galpon 9" (Warehouse 9, but in Spanish). Now, the last time I saw this traced panel was way back at the beginning of issue 15, except there, it said "Galpon 9", even in the O.I. pages. I kept it as "Galpon 9" for consistency. I'm not that good at Photoshop that I feel like I could properly edited the picture to say "Warehouse 9" in a font that matches the art, although if anyone reading this wants to take a crack at it, please do.
Page 93 https://i.imgur.com/wyNHjCo.png Gabriel's thought bubble saying "The cherub... and this time they're helping me..." is only in the O.I. In F and R.I. there's nothing there. I kept it in because I do like how it acknowledges that the last time we saw the Cherub, they didn't really do anything to help Gabriel. They just appeared and basically went "you're shitty dilemma is a neat little experiment for the rest of us to watch and get enjoyment out of. Also, I outrank you, so don't do that thing that might help you." Also, I don't know quite how to explain it, but I found this extra thought bubble helps this plot point flow better. Without it I found it felt like an abrupt stop while the deus ex machina dropped in with a gun because they have to wrap up the comic in 6 pages.
This and my previous translation of Issue 7 complete French Vol.4. That's also it for using the 2009-2010 Italian Reprints. The first volume has issue 1 and 3 which are either done, or being worked on by other people, so I won't be touching them for a long time. I'll certainly miss using it's cleaner artwork to fix pages. I'm still not 100% confident in my ability to translate or edit artwork using only one source, so I'm going to keep translating issues that were published in both Italian and French. The next issue I plan to do is #8 Fratello Moon/Brother Moon, which is the second half of French Vol.7. Just looking through the pages quickly I can say not to expect it anytime soon. This is going to be a very difficult one to edit.
submitted by MagentaHamster to Cybersix [link] [comments]


2019.12.10 17:50 chinachopsticks Learn more about disposable chopsticks

Disposable chopsticks refer to chopsticks that are discarded once used, also known as "convenient chopsticks". Disposable chopsticks are the product of the fast pace of social life. There are disposable wooden chopsticks and disposable bamboo chopsticks. A large amount of woodland was destroyed by disposable wooden chopsticks, and poor quality wooden chopsticks were not clean.
Disposable bamboo chopsticks are made of renewable bamboo, which is very economical and is widely used. China also uses the preferential policy of export tax rebates to encourage the use of disposable bamboo chopsticks instead of disposable wooden chopsticks to reduce the use of wood. Forest preservation.
Introduction:
Disposable chopsticks refer to chopsticks that are discarded once used, also known as "hygienic chopsticks" and "convenient chopsticks." Disposable chopsticks are a product of the fast-paced, resource-saving life of the society, and also the product of a sharp decline in forest resources.
There are disposable wooden chopsticks and disposable bamboo chopsticks. Disposable chopsticks are favored by the catering industry due to their hygiene and convenience, but the problem of a large amount of woodland destruction caused by disposable wooden chopsticks has become increasingly prominent. The consumption of various types of wooden chopsticks in the Chinese market is huge, of which 45 billion pairs of disposable wooden chopsticks are consumed each year (about 1.66 million cubic meters of wood). Every 5,000 pairs of wooden disposable chopsticks consume one poplar tree that has grown for 30 years. The production of disposable wooden chopsticks nationwide consumes more than 100 acres of forest every day, which totals 36,000 acres a year. And poor-quality wooden chopsticks are not clean, they just give people a hygienic illusion.
As disposable bamboo chopsticks are made from renewable bamboo, which is economical and environmentally friendly, they are increasingly widely used. China encourages the use of disposable bamboo chopsticks instead of disposable wooden chopsticks for export, reducing the use of wood and protecting the forest.
Origin:
Disposable chopsticks can be found in various restaurants and cafeterias in Japan. Japan's annual consumption of disposable chopsticks is about 25.7 billion pairs, with a per capita consumption of about 200 pairs. At the same time, the output of disposable chopsticks in Japan accounts for only about 3%, and the remaining 97% is imported, of which disposable chopsticks imported from China account for 99% of total imports. That said, about 96% of disposable chopsticks in Japan come from China.
As early as the Edo period, the Japanese invented disposable chopsticks suitable for Japanese eating habits. By 1990, the output of domestically produced disposable chopsticks had reached 24 billion pairs. At the same time, because disposable chopsticks consume a large amount of wood, there has been a discussion in Japan about whether disposable chopsticks will damage forest resources. Some manufacturers have turned their attention overseas.
Initially, Japan imported disposable chopsticks from countries such as China, South Africa, Indonesia, and Canada. South Korea was also a major importer of disposable chopsticks in Japan, but slowly, due to a variety of reasons, including increased domestic demand for disposable chopsticks, depletion of timber resources, and fierce price competition in the international market, South Korea not only stopped Japanese exports have also become importers of disposable chopsticks.
It was a Japanese businessman who introduced disposable chopsticks to China, and China exported a large number of disposable chopsticks to Japan because of a Japanese businessman. In the early 1990s, when some Japanese businessmen began to develop processing bases for disposable chopsticks overseas, a Japanese businessman first established a small factory producing disposable chopsticks in Northeast China. In the beginning, this small factory did not directly use Chinese wood to produce disposable chopsticks exported to Japan but used white birch wood imported from Russia's Siberian region for processing and production.
Later, when it became profitable, not only Japanese businessmen entered China in large numbers, but also invested and set up factories in China through joint ventures. Even some local Chinese companies began to convert disposable chopsticks. In this way, while Chinese disposable chopsticks were exported to Japan, they began to spread throughout the country. In the 1980s, the use of renewable bamboo as raw materials began to produce more environmentally friendly disposable bamboo chopsticks. With the enhancement of people's environmental awareness and health awareness, disposable bamboo chopsticks have developed rapidly. The share of disposable bamboo chopsticks has reached 50%, and there is more momentum than wooden chopsticks.
Quality analysis:
Some inferiorly processed disposable chopsticks are left with unqualified hydrogen peroxide for "whitening".
The raw materials used by regular manufacturers to produce disposable chopsticks are relatively good-quality wood or fresh Moso bamboo, which are processed by regular processes, and food-grade sulfur fumigation and bleaching. 600mg per kg of chopsticks. However, in order to reduce costs, some small workshops use inferior wood, and the "skin tone" appears darker or even yellow.
To identify the quality of disposable chopsticks, first check whether the manufacturer's name, trademark and contact information are printed on the package. Second, you can smell the smell of chopsticks. If there is a sour smell, it is best not to use it. Of course, the best way is to wash the surface of the chopsticks with cold water to reduce the residual chemicals.
Major drawbacks:
Rare resource
Although China's disposable chopsticks exports to Japan have brought income to some places and created certain employment opportunities, we should also see the problems this industry brings to China. If one adult tree can produce 10,000 pairs of chopsticks, China's exports of more than 20 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks will require at least 2.5 million trees and hundreds of thousands of square kilometers of forest need to be cut down. Different from the "thinning" method adopted in Japan, most of China's forest harvesting uses the "one-light" type of felling. It should be said that this is a devastating harvest of existing forest resources. Due to the lack of subsequent tree planting work, the originally renewable forest resources have become one-time resources. This is a great waste of China's forestry resources.
China's export of disposable chopsticks to Japan is the most typical economic development model of developing countries, that is, the development of resource-exporting production and development in order to develop the economy, and over-exploitation of resources eventually leads to environmental damage. Many countries that exported disposable chopsticks to Japan at that time had this experience. Many countries have to withdraw from this market because of the depletion of forest resources. When a large number of Chinese disposable chopsticks entered Japan, some domestic manufacturers also proposed to the government such as restricting imports from China. Although the Japanese government-imposed restrictions on beef and pork imports in 1995 and 1996, the Japanese government has reduced import tariffs from 5.2% to 4.7% since the beginning of 1999. This also reflects the Japanese government's attitude towards the import problem, which is destructive to other countries' resources.
In order to meet the demand for Japanese exports, Chinese chopstick-making companies have to consume a large amount of wood, and the forests in northern China are being destroyed. This means that Japan is plundering the resources of other countries. Regarding the issue of China's export of disposable chopsticks to Japan, although the Japanese government's Forestry Department has repeatedly insisted that the use of construction waste and "thin-cut" wood as raw materials to produce disposable chopsticks is not destroying forest resources, but promoting the effective use Forest resources, but this may be feasible in Japan, and putting it in China may be another matter. Because if it is produced by "thin cutting" and using scraps, it will undoubtedly increase production costs, and Chinese companies may withdraw from the team that exports disposable chopsticks to Japan.
False inferiority
Most disposable chopsticks are packaged with the words high-temperature disinfection, cleanliness, and sanitation, but in fact, because disposable chopsticks are cheap and have a large market share, many small businesses use sulfur fumigation, hydrogen peroxide, sulfuric acid to compete for this market Sodium immersion, bleaching, and talc polishing are to reduce costs. In fact, the purpose of sanitation and disinfection has not been achieved at all. The polyethylene packaging of disposable chopsticks is more harmful to people. Things down the production line will produce more harmful ingredients at high temperatures, which will induce the body to produce many chronic diseases.
Hidden hazard
  1. Damage to respiratory function: sulfur fumigation must be performed during the production of disposable chopsticks, so sulfur will be released during the use and heat will erode the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract;
  2. Damage to digestive function: Disposable chopsticks are bleached with hydrogen peroxide during the production process. Hydrogen peroxide is strongly corrosive, causing corrosion to the mouth, esophagus and even the stomach and intestines;
  3. Germ infection: The shelf life of sterilized disposable chopsticks is up to 4 months. Once the shelf life has passed, it is likely to bring yellow grape bacteria, Escherichia coli, and hepatitis disease;
  4. Disposable chopsticks may also have a "greenhouse effect". Because of the vicious cycle, there are fewer trees, carbon dioxide will increase, the atmosphere will thicken, and the heat will be difficult to spread.
  5. Disposable chopsticks cause cancer: Experts point out that expired disposable chopsticks contain the carcinogen aflatoxin, which has a very high risk of carcinogenesis and can induce the occurrence of liver cancer. Don't underestimate this small disposable chopstick, it has a shelf life. After the shelf life, it is a dangerous item. Disposable chopsticks are rejected.
British media reports
The British Daily Telegraph said that after more than one billion Chinese people use 80 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks each year, China's forests can no longer provide enough wood to support the chopsticks industry. Today, China cuts 20 million trees annually to meet the demand for disposable chopsticks. China has become the world's largest timber importer. To this end, the newspaper said: China must replace chopsticks with a knife and fork!
Harmful to health
"White" is made from industrial ingredients
Huaihua City, Hunan Province is one of the main producing places of disposable chopsticks. There are more than 40 large and small disposable chopsticks factories with an annual output of more than 1 billion pairs. In a chopsticks factory in Xiaojiaxiang, Huitong County, the reporter saw the entire production process of disposable chopsticks.
Chemical raw materials discovered during manufacturing
Disposable chopsticks are still in use
The workers cut the bamboo into sections, cut them into blanks with a machine, and dried them in a baking room. The dried blank of chopsticks is covered with a layer of cloth tightly, and white smoke emerges from time to time, giving off a pungent smell. The factory workers told us that they were using sulfur to smoke the chopsticks in order to make them whiter and prevent it from the mold. The reporter found that the sulfur they used was industrial sulfur, which is a chemical raw material. During the fumigation process, sulfur dioxide residues will be produced, and the process of fumbling chopsticks will take two days.
After sulfur is smoked, and then the rough is cut, the chopsticks are formed. In order to make the chopsticks feel smoother, we have to polish them. The reporter saw that not only the chopsticks but also the white things in the polishing machine. The worker told us that it was paraffin. Paraffin, which contains polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, is a low-end product in the petroleum smelting process. In this way, after polishing with paraffin, the chopsticks were put into bags filled with fertilizers and waiting for shipment.
Moldy chopsticks are cooked before selling
During the investigation, the reporter also discovered a strange phenomenon. Some black chopsticks that had been moldy and not deteriorated were not thrown away but were further processed. In Xichong Village, Huaihua, Hunan, the reporter saw a scene where black chopsticks were cooked white. The owner told us that the bleaching agent they used was hydrogen peroxide, and 40 pounds were poured in a pot.
The reporter learned that the use of industrial hydrogen peroxide to cook moldy and deteriorated chopsticks before selling them for sale has become an open secret in the industry. After the processing of these chemical raw materials, a variety of chemical residues will be produced on disposable chopsticks. Long-term intake of these chemical residues will be harmful to human health. However, the reporter visited more than 30 large and small chopsticks in Huaihua, Hunan and Yifeng, Jiangxi. Factory, everywhere, no one disinfects chopsticks.
Residue in disposable chopsticks exceeded standards
As early as 2005, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and Standardization of the People's Republic of China has jointly issued national standards for disposable chopsticks. In the use of food additives, only sulfur dioxide is allowed to have certain residues, and the specific residues have strict restrictions, but This standard has long been left behind by these manufacturers. Even the manufacturers themselves acknowledge that "the majority of disposable chopsticks now have residues that exceed the standard" and such "hygienic chopsticks are actually very unsanitary".
In this way, chopsticks went from the manufacturer to the wholesaler. Some were packaged and sold throughout the country, and finally entered small and medium-sized restaurants, and some were wholesaled to some processing plants to make disposable tableware. In Huaihua, Hunan, the reporter met the wholesaler Ma Liansen who supplies tableware processing plants. According to him, tableware brands such as Geely, Autumn, and Tapp are using his chopsticks, which are disinfected by the tableware factory after entering the tableware factory.
In this way, disposable chopsticks without any sterilization treatment finally appeared to us in the form of sterilized tableware.
Disposable chopsticks also have a shelf life
The "Detailed Implementation Rules for Food Packaging Containers and Tools" clearly stipulates that sterilized disposable tableware can only be kept for a maximum of 4 months. Why should we set the shelf life of disposable chopsticks? That's because the wood or bamboo made from disposable chopsticks contains a certain amount of water, and it is easy to mold over time. Especially in the summer and autumn rainy season or in the relatively humid environment in the south, mildew is more likely to occur. If consumers use these expired moldy disposable chopsticks, they will eat "aflatoxin".
Extremely environmentally friendly "disposables"
More and more "disposable items" are bringing convenience to people's lives. However, from the perspective of environmental protection, behind this convenient and fast is the waste of a lot of resources and the accumulation of garbage, which brings endless troubles. According to the survey, there are currently thousands of domestic enterprises producing wooden chopsticks, which consumes wooden resources annually Nearly 5 million cubic meters. The annual harvest of forest trees in the country is about 47.58 million cubic meters, and these chopsticks account for 10.5%. In the process of producing chopsticks, from round wood to wooden blocks to finished products, the effective utilization rate of wood is 60%.
The raw materials of regular disposable chopsticks are all good-quality wood and do not need special processing. However, in order to reduce costs, many small workshops use low-quality wood, which looks "skin tone" darker. Of course, this less beautiful color cannot be favored by consumers. Therefore, after processing, the disposable chopsticks produced by the small workshop producers will immediately "make a makeover" and board the people's table.
Production method investigation
The solid-state is made by sulfur fumigation and bleaching. The sulfur dioxide of bleached chopsticks will seriously exceed the standard. Therefore, when people eat with this kind of chopsticks, sulfur dioxide is easily coagulated to the respiratory tract and coughs with the flow of air. Respiratory diseases such as asthma follow. In addition, sulfur contains heavy metals, for example, metals such as mercury/lead can accumulate in the human body. Accumulation over a long period of time can cause mercury poisoning.
Liquid-processed chopsticks are bleached with chlorine or hydrogen peroxide, especially chlorine, and may contain dioxins that once made people talk.
As for bamboo chopsticks, in order to remove the burrs of the chopsticks and make them look smooth and white, the maker puts them into talcum powder and processes the chopsticks by rubbing. Although disposable chopsticks produced by informal manufacturers are very harmful, so far, China has not issued specific sanitary inspection standards for disposable chopsticks.
Huang Bo experiment
Disposable chopsticks stained with a glass of water
On March 17, 2013, actor Huang Bo sent a message with pictures on Weibo that Tucao encountered a meal in a restaurant using disposable chopsticks. The picture shows that the disposable chopsticks were soaked in a water glass, and the colorless and transparent water turned It turns yellow, and there is a layer of oil-like substance on the water surface.
The Weibo immediately sparked heated discussion. It has been forwarded more than 100,000 times in less than a day. "I don't know, I was shocked at a glance." "I will have to bring my own chopsticks when I go out to eat." Netizens have commented and asked to expose the restaurant. Some even called on the country to prohibit the use of disposable chopsticks.
On the afternoon of the 18th, Huang Bo responded again on Weibo, arguing that restaurants using this kind of disposable chopsticks are very common, "We can only refuse to use or use less disposable chopsticks, a little more environmental protection, a longer life.
Experts say they may be over smoked by sulfur
Food packaging experts said that normal chopsticks will produce a slightly light yellow color because they contain lignin, but the chopsticks soaked in Huang Bo's photos are likely to be fumigated by sulfur, so be sure to be careful of disposable chopsticks, Sulfur yellow smoked. " Do not use disposable chopsticks that are black, yellow, spotty, or too thin.
Administrative instructions:
Urgent notice from the State Food and Drug Administration
Urgent notice on strictly preventing unqualified disposable chopsticks from flowing into the catering service
Food and Drug Administration for Food [2010] No. 26
Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government (Bureaus), Food and Drug Administration:
Some media reported that some chopsticks manufacturing enterprises were processing disposable chopsticks in violation of regulations. In order to prevent disposable chopsticks that do not meet safety standards from entering the catering service and effectively protect consumers' food safety, please promptly organize the supervision and inspection of the procurement and use of disposable chopsticks by catering service units and carry out supervisory random inspections. If it is found that the disposable chopsticks purchased by the catering service unit have an impact on food safety, the catering service unit shall be supervised to immediately stop using and destroy it. Anyone found to have violated the relevant provisions of the Food Safety Law and its implementing regulations shall be dealt with seriously in accordance with the law. At the same time, timely report the situation of the source of the problem chopsticks to the production and distribution supervision departments.
Please report the status of supervision and inspection to the Food Safety Supervision Department of the State Food and Drug Administration before the end of April.
Office of the State Food and Drug Administration
March 18, 2010
Ministry of Commerce and other requirements reduce the use of disposable chopsticks
On June 17, 2010, the Ministry of Commerce, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the State Administration of Taxation, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, the State Forestry Administration, and the State Food and Drug Administration jointly issued "Notice on Reducing the Use of Disposable Chopsticks" (Shangjingyingfa [2010] No. 220) requires the catering and restaurant industry to reduce the use of disposable chopsticks. This measure is to implement the spirit of the "Notice of the General Office of the State Council on In-depth Implementation of National Energy Conservation Actions" (Guobanfa [2008] No. 16), continue to promote the "reduction in the use of disposable chopsticks" and further achieve practical results The catering industry has developed in a good atmosphere of saving resources and protecting the environment.
The "Notice" requires a full understanding of the significance of reducing the use of disposable chopsticks. It is pointed out that the widespread use of disposable chopsticks has prominent health and environmental issues, and society has strongly responded to this. Strengthening the supervision of the production, distribution, and recycling of disposable chopsticks, reducing the use of disposable chopsticks, and promoting the non-use of disposable chopsticks are important measures to implement the scientific development concept and build a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. On the basis of supporting the implementation of the contents of the initiative, all regions and departments should take effective measures to reduce the use of disposable chopsticks in response to the outstanding problems in the production, circulation, and consumption of "disposable chopsticks".
The "Notice" requires that all departments should establish working mechanisms, work together and cooperate closely in accordance with their respective functions, and jointly work on "reducing the use of disposable chopsticks". Commercial departments at all levels should effectively guide the catering operations and consumption links. Development and reform, the forestry department must rationally adjust and continuously optimize the industrial structure of forest products, restrict new enterprises producing disposable wooden chopsticks, standardize the production of disposable wooden chopsticks by existing enterprises, and improve the standard of disposable wooden chopsticks. The quality inspection department should strengthen the supervision of disposable chopsticks production enterprises, urge the production enterprises to improve production technical conditions and ensure that production is organized in accordance with standards. The tax department should further study and adjust tax and fee policies to provide policy support for reducing the use of disposable chopsticks. Food and drug supervision and departments still responsible for food safety supervision should strengthen the supervision of disposable chopsticks. The commerce, development and reform departments shall establish a one-time chopstick recycling mechanism, set up recycling points in urban consumer concentrated areas, and realize resource reuse. Environmental protection departments should strengthen cooperation and earnestly promote the work related to reducing the use of disposable chopsticks.
The "Notice" proposes that in order to expand the social impact and continue this work, it is necessary to make full use of the role of associations in strengthening industry self-discipline and regulating corporate behavior, and further carry out various forms of social initiatives and Relevant activities, do a good job in the promotion and implementation of relevant national laws, regulations, and standards, guide processing manufacturers and catering companies to continuously enhance awareness of resource conservation and environmental protection, and reduce the use of disposable chopsticks as a conscious action in daily management. Catering companies with fixed business locations should actively provide clean, hygienic, safe and reliable reusable chopsticks. It is necessary to provide non-fixed operating places for disposable chopsticks and take-out and food delivery enterprises. It is necessary to use disposable bamboo chopsticks as much as possible, strictly control the hygiene quality of chopsticks, and effectively recycle them. It is necessary to give full play to the guiding role of the news media and public opinion, vigorously publicize the successful practices and typical experiences of advanced enterprises in "reducing the use of disposable chopsticks", and form a good atmosphere of reducing the use of disposable chopsticks. All kinds of related enterprises should consciously accept the supervision of the people and all walks of life, gradually regulate the production and circulation of disposable chopsticks, and replace disposable chopsticks with safe and hygienic reusable chopsticks.
The "Notice" further requires that all regions and departments should strengthen guidance and supervision, relevant industry associations should guide enterprises to strictly self-discipline, vigorously advocate the scientific consumption concept of green consumption, moderate consumption, and healthy eating. By establishing and improving relevant rules and regulations, " "Reducing the use of disposable chopsticks" has been implemented in all aspects. Encourage small and medium-sized catering companies that use more disposable chopsticks to provide cleaning, disinfection, and storage facilities for reusable chopsticks as soon as possible to ensure that they meet safety and health standards and create good conditions for consumers to reduce or not use disposable chopsticks. It is necessary to adopt popular propaganda forms and encouragement and guidance measures to strengthen the guidance of consumers so that reducing and not using disposable chopsticks becomes a conscious action of catering consumption. "Reduce the use of disposable chopsticks" as an important content of building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society in various places, enhance the popularity and durability of publicity, and win widespread understanding and support from consumers.
The "Notice" requires all regions and departments to formulate relevant policies and measures to encourage enterprises to improve supporting facilities and create favorable conditions for reducing the use of disposable chopsticks. At the same time, market supervision will be further strengthened, and inspections on reducing the use of disposable chopsticks and advocating non-use of disposable chopsticks will be organized from time to time. Enterprises that provide reusable chopsticks that do not meet the hygiene requirements shall be ordered to make corrections; disposable chopsticks that do not meet the quality and hygiene requirements shall be ordered to delist and follow the supervision to strictly prevent re-flow into the market.
Shaanxi Province bans disposable chopsticks
The Regulations on Promoting Circular Economy in Shaanxi Province will be promulgated and implemented on December 1, 2011. Beginning on December 1, 2011, Shaanxi Province will ban catering companies from providing disposable chopsticks to consumers. Any operator that violates the regulations will be ordered to make corrections by the food and drug supervision and management department. Fines ranging from RMB 2,000 to RMB 2000; self-employed catering operators shall be fined RMB 50 to RMB 200.
Related disputes:
Disposable chopsticks may be more environmentally friendly
Seven Tongji students understood a reason that might be overlooked when they did practical projects: to consider whether an action is environmentally friendly, they must have a diverse and comprehensive perspective; otherwise, environmental protection actions that save one resource may lead to another resource Excessive consumption and harm to the environment
Ordinary, repeated cleaning and use of traditional chopsticks are more environmentally friendly than disposable chopsticks-after many experts repeatedly reminded and spread word of mouth, this is becoming a consensus; some people have called for resistance to the use of disposable chopsticks, and some people bring their own traditional chopsticks. Dinner at the restaurant. However, the 7 sophomores of Tongji University have different opinions after some empirical research.
A group of these students has tried the “Study on Water Footprint and Sustainability of Chopsticks Industry”, and has conducted a year's investigation, including using this winter vacation to visit hotel kitchens in 7 cities including Shanghai, Jiujiang, and Taiyuan to investigate the washing water of traditional chopsticks Happening. After analyzing a large amount of raw data, these students formed their own "new theory": from the perspective of chopsticks' "full life cycle water footprint", disposable chopsticks may be more environmentally friendly.
Scrambled online without credible evidence
The so-called “full life cycle water footprint” of chopsticks is the sum of the water consumption statistics of the entire process of chopsticks from raw material growth, processing, transportation, and reuse to waste disposal, and then compare disposable chopsticks from the perspective of water consumption and water conservation and the impact of traditional chopsticks on the environment.
Bi Chenyang, who has a strong interest in environmental protection since childhood, is the head of this student research project. He saw a post on the End of the World forum entitled "The Anti-Disposable Chopsticks" slapstick is over, and the netizens caused it to be hotly debated-mainstream views point out that a big tree growing for 20 years can only do 6000-8000 pairs of disposable chopsticks, waste wood and increase deforestation; and the disposable chopsticks need to be bleached, if not properly processed and managed, it will cause damage to the user's physical health; in addition, its recycling and recycling are now basic Still blank. However, the opinions of the other school are tit-for-tat: the main raw materials of disposable chopsticks are mostly artificially planted economic forests, and the other party's arguments are wrong; as for the traditional chopsticks that the other party advocates, cleaning requires a lot of water and may cause more damage to the environment.
Bi Chenyang found: "Both sides hold their own words, but they have not come up with clear and reliable arguments." He and his partners decided to use scientific empirical methods to collect sufficient data to solve this meaningful controversial topic.
To accurately quantify the actual consumption of water and forest resources by chopsticks and compare which is more conducive to environmental protection, sufficient survey data must be available first.
In order to investigate the situation of chopsticks washing water, seven students used the vacation and spare time to visit the hotel kitchen in their hometown and 40 canteens in 17 universities in Shanghai. During the investigation, they encountered many difficulties, such as repeatedly explaining their purpose to the hotel manager, but in fact, only one out of ten hotels often allowed students to enter the kitchen. Group member Wang Lei said that during the investigation of Anji, the place where bamboo chopsticks were produced, they found that the local production of bamboo chopsticks was mainly in private workshops. The boss could not tell the water data during processing, and also refused to enter the production area for investigation.
However, they also received the approval and support of many people. The Anji County Bamboo Industry Association provided a reference method for calculating the water consumption of bamboo growth. Teacher Xu Xiaotian from the School of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University often provided guidance and provided them with 20,000. Research funding.
By Best Chopsticks
Reference:
https://www.bestchopsticks.com/learn-more-about-disposable-chopsticks/
https://www.bestchopsticks.com/disposable-chopsticks/
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2019.11.21 10:25 Rocknocker Demolition Days, Part 51

Continuing
“Well, not as such. Evidently, I went down and had a park by the lake to clear my head. Must have dozed off because Sani spoke to me again.” I reply.
“What did he have to say?” she asks.
“Oh, stuff about being troubled, being at a crossroads, listening to the Old Ones, a need to ‘follow my feelings’” I said.
“I knew you were stressed, but what’s that all about?” she asks.
“Honey, I’ve been thinking of quitting Nocono” I tell her. “I’m thinking of becoming a consultant. A hired gun.”
“Things that bad? What brought all this on?” she queries.
“With the layoffs, the downturn in oil prices, the general day-to-day malaise. I’ve been thinking…” I tell her.
“Rock, you’re under immense pressure right now. Let’s just table this for the time being. One disaster at a time. Remember your mother.” Sha advises.
“Of course, you’re right. I just needed to talk with someone about all this.” I say.
“You know that’s what I’m here for.” She smiles.
“Of course. Damn, is nothing ever simple?” I moan.
Our steak and fish courses arrive and we ask for a vacuum cleaner. Khris is making a splendid mess of the crackers, laughing all the way. We offer to clean it up. The waitress just chuckles, and tells us that’s what she’s there for. We laugh and I tip her extra for putting up with us.
The next day it’s down south some 30 or so miles by freeway to my mother’s house. This is not going to be, in any definition of the term, ‘fun’.
“Hi, Ma. We’re here”, I call.
“Oh, Rock! Esme! I’m so glad you’re here. Where’s the baby?” she asks.
“Right here. Mom, meet your new granddaughter, Khris.” I say, presenting our new family member.
A good portion of the day was spent baby-centered. It’s as if we didn’t speak of the funeral, the lumbering, snuffling elephant in the room, it’d just go away. That was my family’s remedy to virtually all unpleasant situations.
We leave Khris with my mother. Esme and I go to meet with my elder sister, Kats, at the funeral home to go over some of the last minute formalities.
“Right,” says Mr. O'lim, the emaciated Karloff-esque funeral director, “This is going to be a Roman Catholic funeral service, correct?”
Kats replies in the affirmative.
“OK, the wake will be tonight, 6:00 pm until it’s over. Viewing tomorrow, from 5:00 to 8:00 pm. Then we prepare for the church service the next day. There will be a morning viewing for those who wish to come before the service. Then to the church, repose the body at the church. After the service, we will proceed to the gravesite. We’ll need to know who in the family will ride where in the procession.”
As one not terribly keen on any sort of religion, much less ‘organized’ religion, this seems like a huge amount of folderol just to get someone planted.
My credit cards are taking a beating as there have to be payments for the funeral director, the hearse drivers, the ‘attendants’, the VFW honor guard, the priest at the church, etc., etc.
I’m glazing over at this point and aside from signing the infinite documents and credit card slips, I just defer to Esme and Kats to handle and arrange things.
On the way back, I suggest we stop off for a bit of dinner. We can bring Mom some takeaway as she’s been watching Khris for a good chunk of the day.
We stop for Italian and I just have a small Sicilian hot-beef sandwich; they’re very, very good. Esme opts for some seafood Fettucine Alfredo, ‘always fresh’ they say. Kats, constantly on a diet, opts for a large gut-bomb pizza with multitudinous toppings and extra cheese.
Es has a soda, and I order a pitcher of local dark Monastic Beer; from a real local Monastery.
Kats decides that since I ordered a pitcher, she doesn’t need to order any drinks. I scowl a bit but realize I can always order one or five more.
We get an Italian sausage lasagna to go and troop back to my Mother’s place.
We endure the ordeal of dinner and her mounting grief, which she’s obviously saved up for us all day.
Esme and Kats decided against attending the wake, but I’m elected to represent the family as the only son. I would much rather be dragged bare-naked behind a diesel city bus during a wild boar stampede in a hailstorm through a cactus plantation than to go to Dad’s wake and be surrounded by all his ‘friends’.
However, I’m at the Funeral Home spot on 1800 hours. The place is already packed with Dad’s Moose and Elk Lodge and VFW brothers, bowling team friends, work cohorts, drinking buddies and other assorted hangers-on.
A half-barrel of beer has already been tapped and is close to floating. The guest of honor is on static display to the left of the bar. The honky-tonk piano is being abused by someone that needs to demand a refund on his piano lessons.
This is not, by any definition of the word, going to be any fun at all.
My father looks terrible. I didn’t want any part of this, but it’s the RC way, not mine.
I have to endure four hours of meeting people I either don’t know or don’t recognize, listen to endless soliloquies about the stunts my Father’s pulled over the years, and the generally open-bar drunken staccato of how everyone will miss him and how he was taken too soon.
I go outside often for a big potato juice and citrus along with the largest cigar I can find.
I just about call it quits when one of his coworkers, another blue collar doofus half in the bag, wants the Doctor to examine him and tell him why he’s got this rash.
“I’m not a medical doctor”, I say for the 300th time that night.
“Well then, boy-o, what the hell kind of doctor is you?” he slurs.
“I’m a God Damned Doctor of Geology.” I reply, through clenched teeth.
“GEEology? Wassat?” comes the inevitable response.
“Rocks”, I sigh and reply, “I’m a Rock Doctor.”
“Oh, you sit up all night with some sick stones?” he almost chokes on his hilarious witticism.
This jape always brings down the house.
I never wanted to either punch someone so hard in the mouth or be stranded on Mars at that point.
I smile, and go outside for another long smoke break.
Finally, the Funeral Director shoos the last of the drunks out of the place. It’s over. The deceased needs his rest. And Turtle Wax from the looks of him.
It’s 11:00pm and I’m angry, tired, wired, and need a calm, relaxing, and above all, quiet, high-octane beverage.
I wheel over to my old Uptown gin-mill hangout, the Uptown Club, park, and drift in.
Good. No one recognizes me. Must be the hat. I order a double extra-strong potato juice and citrus, with glacial amounts of ice and a single lime slice.
It appears within seconds.
The bar is relatively quiet. Some regulars, the usual pinball, shuffleboard and pool crowd, a few thugster gangsta wannabees, and some local ‘floaters’; or naughty business ladies of the evening.
I have Mike, the barkeep, set me up another. I also buy him one.
I’m still waiting for the penny to drop.
He sets me up again, turns, stops, looks, turns, stops, looks again and…
“Jesus Titty-Fucking Christ! Rock, is that you?” he asks.
“’Bout time you recognized your oldest, bestest customer. I’m surprised the Hawaiian shirt and cigar didn’t give me away.” I cackle.
“It’s the hat”, Mike chuckles.
Manly handshakes ensue.
“Where the hell you been? What the hell you doing back in this shithole?” Mike asks.
“I live in Houston and my Dad died. In that order.” I reply.
He commiserates and tells me my money is no longer any good. Drinks are on him tonight.
Mike was always a pretty good friend. Should be, my bar tabs put his daughter through Beauty School.
We catch up over a series of Guinness’ for him and my usual thirst-quencher. After an hour or so, Mike tells me he has to run the tills and check inventory; but I should hang around and we’ll chat some more.
It was good talking with Mike. Someone from home who’s not a blithering asshole. Something I really needed at this point.
He leaves me with two of my usual beverages as he’ll be gone for more than 5 minutes.
“Always the funnyman, Mike…” I snicker.
I fire up another large dark heater, sit back, and just try to turn my brain off for a while. I need a soft re-boot.
I’m just sitting there, Zenning out, when I feel a light tap on the shoulder.
I turn to look and it’s a rather, well, healthily well-endowed lass. I ask if I can be of any assistance.
“Sure can, big guy. You can buy me a drink.” She says.
Ah, why the hell not? It’s harmless. I’ll just chalk it up to anthropological field work.
“OK, please have a seat. What can I get you?” I ask.
Damn. There’s something familiar here, but I just can’t put my finger on it…Yet.
“Oh, I’d like a brandy Old Fashioned, easy on the fruit.” She says.
“OK”, I motion over to Mike’s co-bartender, Roy, “Brandy Old Fashioned here, light vegetation, please. I’m paying for these, by the way.”
“Coming right up!” as Roy sets to the task at hand.
“So”, the lass asks, “You’re not from around here, are you?” As she accepts the drink.
“Actually, I am” I reply, “I was born and raised out on the west side. But I went to college and then moved to Houston.”
“Oh, wow. You went to college? Which one?” she asks.
“Actually, several. All Baja Canada state system schools.” I said.
“Several? Why several?” she replies.
“Well”, I say, “I needed to go to different schools for my different degrees.”
“Degrees?” she exclaims, “You have more than one?”
“Yep”, I slurp my drink as retelling my tale is thirsty work, “I have three.”
“Three?” she cries, “Holy wow. You must be a genius. What are they?”
“Well, if you must pry”, I smile.
“Oh, I must, I must.” She laughs.
“I hold Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate degrees in the field of Geology,” I tell her.
“Holy wow!” she exclaims, “With all those, you must make really good money.”
“Well, I can’t complain when the checks come through,” I say, polishing off my current and calling for a refill drink.
“Say, want to go someplace quieter?” she asks.
“Thank you, no. I don’t even know your name…” I say, playing the game.
“Oh, I’m Leilani.” She replies coyly.
Now I remember!
“You’re Leilani Shapiro! From Stomper High School! You were lead cheerleader! Am I right?” I exclaim.
“Do I know you?” she asks, immediately puzzled.
“Probably not, we didn’t run with the same crowd. I was always in the science labs or blowing stuff up in high school.” I replied.
“You didn’t always have that beard, did you?” she continues.
“Only since I was 17,” I tell her, accepting Roy’s refill.
She scrutinizes me like a bag of day-old bagels.
“Rock? Is that you?” she ventures.
“None other.” I smile back.
DOCTOR Rocknocker. Holy wow! I remember you! You were always getting in trouble with the administration with your ‘chemistry experiments’. You left senior year for that junior college.” She smiles.
“Roy, another brandy Old Fashioned, light veg, if you please,” I say.
“What are you doing here?” she asks.
“My father passed the other day. I’m here for family moral support and to help settle the estate.” I tell her.
“Oh, I am sorry. Bet you could use some cheering up. Want to come back over to my place?” she asks between slurps of her fifth brandy Old Fashioned.
All those years ago, she would have never even looked at me. Never would have given me the time of day. Now, I’m being propositioned.
I hold up my right hand, waggle it a bit, and she sees the simple, wide gold band.
“Sorry, Leilani”, I intone, “Married. In fact, I’m a new father.”
Mike comes back and sees me talking with Leilani. He turns 50 shades of red.
“God damn it, Lei! I told you I don’t want you hanging around here anymore pestering the customers! Go down to the lakefront if you’re that hard up!” Mike was pissed.
Leilani shotguns her drink says goodbye and toddles slightly unsteadily out of the bar.
“Mike, what the hell was that all about?” I ask.
“Ah, ever since she and Curtis broke up, she’s sort of been down on her luck. She got into drugs and now has a nasty crack and meth habit. She’s hookin’ for fix cash.” Mike tells me.
“Unbelievable. That was the head cheerleader back in high school. Now she’s a hooker?” I ask, amazed.
“Yeah”, Mike sighs, “ever since they closed the auto plant, it’s like the whole damn town has gone on the skids. Damn shame. She used to be a real looker.”
I guess it’s true. One simply cannot go back home again.
The next day, Esme, Khris, Mom and I all head out to the mall to do some shopping. I stay with Khris in the food court as I loathe shopping. Ma and Esme hit every retail store in the place. We meet Kats for lunch and once again, my plastic takes a walloping. Damn, she can pack away the groceries.
We return home and prepare for the showing. Gad, I hate this with the fury of a thousand supernova-ing suns. However, I put on my best chinos, sharkskin cowboy boots, Hawaiian shirt, turquoise bolo tie from the Scavada Trading Post, and Stetson. I give less than a single tiny moose turd what anyone at the showing might think of my ensemble.
We arrive just as Dad is wheeled out front and center, freshly done over. The pain procession proceeds.
Esme and I stand over to the side to receive family and well-wishers. Khris was left with my niece for the evening. We were not going to be in a celebratory mood after this.
The crowd shuffles in, a completely different one from the previous night’s festivities. I met aunts, uncles, cousins and other shirttail relations I haven’t seen nor heard from in decades.
There are the usual RC platitudes. It’s horrifying and defeating.
“At least he’s no longer in pain.”
“Yeah, he’s dead.” I think.
“Well, he’s in a better place.”
“Better than this?” One can only surmise.
There are two old-maid aunts that zero in on Esme and me and begin their ululating and whooping about my poor dead Dad.
This, plus all that religious palaver. It took every fiber in my being to not tell them to shut up and sit down. I don’t need this crap any time, especially not now.
I hear a familiar voice, and I turn to see Ike standing there.
“Rock, my sincere condolences.” He tells me.
“Ike! Damn good to see you. Thanks for showing up. I really appreciate it.” I tell him.
“Yeah, I saw in the paper. I hoped you’d come to town.” He replies.
Esme smiles seeing me actually glad to see someone for a change.
She sidles up and says “Why don’t you and Ike sneak out for a beer? I can tell, you’ve had more than enough of this. Go.”
“Are you sure?” I ask.
“Oh, I’m sure. I want you gone before you pop some long lost cousin’s face inside out.” She smiles.
Back at the Uptown gin-mill, Ike and I raise a toast to my dear, departed father.
“I just hope, wherever he is, he likes it better than he did here,” Ike says.
“Ditto”, I wittily agree.
We catch up on old times. He lost his job when the local automotive manufacturer went tits up, but he found another good job as a machinist making medical equipment. Scalpels, Metzenbaum scissors, clamps, rib spreaders, and the like. He married his high school sweetheart but hasn’t been able to have children. Evidently, she’s infertile. It bugs Ike, but, hey, he tells me, that’s life. Now, he can spend more time developing his motorcycle repair business on the side.
Ike, the eternal optimist.
I fill him in on Mongolia, New Mexico, Greenland, Antarctica, and Houston. I also was a bit wary telling him I was a new father, but he thought that was just great.
The drinks are flowing and the cigars were fuming. Ike asks if I’d like one of his special blends, composed of agriculture from south of the border.
“Ike, I need to tell you. I’m also working occasionally with a certain Virginia-based US intelligence agency.”
I fill him in on the antics of agents Rack and Ruin.
“Awww, bullshit” he chuckles.
He goes whiter than a Baja Canada blizzard when I show him the card I was given by the Agents during our last de-briefing.
Ike looks around the bar and says for all to hear “I was just kidding!”
We both chuckle and order another round.
Against all odds, it turned out to be a good evening.
The next day is the funeral. First, though, we get to go to church for mass.
It’s a 1000 mass, so Esme and I arrive a bit early to claim those choice seats. Khris is still with the niece who informs me she charges double for overtime.
Family. You can’t beat ‘em in times of tribulation.
The church is half-packed. The funeral director wheels my father in and poses him at the foot of the altar. When he opens the coffin, there are audible gasps from the room.
I think it’s all barbaric and in incredibly poor taste. But, I hold my tongue.
The mass proceeds with the usual Roman Catholic gymnastics. Sit, stand, kneel, repeat.
Its proceeding along until the priest gets to the eulogy and sermon.
He totally botches it, a total fiasco. He notes that Kats just had another kid and she has the doctorate. He also tells tales of ice fishing that my Dad and she evidently went on in a parallel universe.
Total bollocks. He doesn’t even make one mention my name, my wife, or our new daughter. I was sorely conflicted. Scream and make a scene or just quietly garrote the priest at the gravesite?
I chose neither. I shut up and let it slide, anything to make this day end faster.
After the service, we all shuffle out to the hearse. The funeral procession is all flagged with their natty decorations on the car aerials. There were much hemming and hawing over who was to sit where, and who was to be where in the procession.
You know, the real important issues.
I wander over to the car immediately after the hearse. The dimwit priest is there, handing out senseless religious platitudes like they distribute nudie-bar pamphlets in Las Vegas.
I go to get in and he asks who I am.
I turn and with a look that could Phaser the titanium off of a Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird” and tell him that I was Doctor Rocknocker, and this was my wife, Esme. Our infant daughter was back home with family.
I think it was then he realized just how blatantly he had screwed the pooch.
Then it was the passed-person parade, off to the cemetery.
A full hour later, we arrive at the gravesite. There was much milling about and general mumbling.
I think I could use a drink, and sneak a few from my emergency flask.
The attendees wheel my father’s coffin over to the crypt, under the sunshade. They position him for internment into his final earthly resting place.
Everyone shuts up and the priest begins again, with page #354 of the Clergyman’s Songbook.
More platitudes, more empty thoughts, more banalities, more bullshit.
Just when it was about over, the VFW honor guard, for which I arranged and paid for earlier, were to blow “Taps”. My father was a veteran, after all.
They never showed up.
The priest tried to salvage the scene by saying something about how his only son was also here.
Everyone already knew the massive fucking boner you already pulled, Sky Pilot. Just get the fuck on with it.
Esme and Kats fold the flag and present it to my mother, who was in full bereavement breakdown mode.
Then, there was the traditional fistful of Wisconsinian glacial till tossed on the coffin by everyone before departure.
I couldn’t get out of there fast enough.
But, wait! There’s more!
Now, everyone, the idiot priest included, is invited over to my Mother’s house for the Grief Buffet.
Potato salad, ham and rolls, the inevitable Jell-O molds, carrot salad, smoked whitefish, and loads and loads of beer.
I change back into my more comfortable outfit and at least try and mingle slightly.
If I hear one more time that my father’s “in a better place”, I’m dragging out Captain America and a few spools of Primacord.
It was that close.
Ike shows up with his pickup truck. In the back are two Harley Sportsters. He wants to know if I wanted to go out for a ride.
Esme practically throws me out of the house.
“Yes, Ike, he wants to very much. Go and be gone a few hours. Better make it five!” as she pushes me out the door.
The priest never did thank Esme for saving his life. Although she had a few well-chosen four-letter words with him. Yet, the bastard still wanted his ‘honorarium’. We considered allowing him to continue exchanging gasses honorarium enough.
Ike and I head off down the highway. It was something I didn’t know I needed, but, damn, I sure needed the open road for a while.
Upon my return, I bid Ike farewell and help shovel out all the family drunks out into their cars.
I tell my mother we’re headed back to our hotel after we pick up Khris. She is pretty much all bawled out and is exhausted. She agrees and says we’ll catch up later.
We retrieve Khris, pay my extortionate niece her due, and head back to the hotel.
Khris is very busy now, at that stage she’s walking, into everything. She hasn’t slept much so after dinner, she conks out like a switched off light in the hotel room.
Esme and I are alone for the first time since we’ve arrived here.
“Rock, what a day,” Esme begins.
“I don’t want to talk about it,” I say.
“I know it was hard for you” she continues.
“A real copper-bottomed bitch. I’m just glad it’s over. Now, all we have to endure is wrangling over the will.” I reply.
“That priest was a real bastard. He fucked up really, wouldn’t admit it, and had the gall to insist on his payment.” She tells me.
“Yeah, I know. But you know what? I just don’t care. We have a life away from all this. Something they’ll never have nor understand.” I said flatly.
“Whoa. That’s cold. Even for you. Calabrian.” Esme says.
“Yeah. The truth is often frosty. Can we just stop talking about it? It’s over and done. And so am I.” I say.
“OK, you know what’s best. Rooms service before bed?” Es asks.
“Absolutely,” I reply.
Room service, and what immediately followed, was the best part of the day and the whole trip so far.
The Monte Christo sandwiches were great, and although I didn’t partake, Es tells me the Tiramisu was chocolaty wonderful.
My potato juice and citrus were above par. That’s that level I find rousing here.
The next day, it back to Ma’s for the reading of the will. The lawyer will come to the house to spare us the traffic.
I go down in the basement and look through all my Dad’s carpentry equipment in his shop. He spent a fortune on lathes, drill presses, planers, sanders and the lot. It was a hobby he threw himself into until he got too sick.
But, most all of it was gone.
What the actual fuck?
Kats tells me that Jer, her husband, borrowed much of Dad’s kit when he started in being sick. He figured since they weren’t being used, that, well, he could put them to better use.
“OK, so I’ll drop by and arrange what I want for transport to Houston,” I said.
Oh, no. Since Jer already was using them, well, they are pretty much his now. Possession being 9 points of the law and all that.
I still boggle over that logic.
The will reading took 3 minutes. “All to wife” was pretty much what it said. Guess that meant it was a free-for-all on my father’s things that Ma had no use for.
His gun collection was already gone. Cousins and nephews and other hangers-on got that the day after he passed. It was gone before I could even get here.
Yeah, go and talk to the grieving widow. Hit her up when she is at her lowest. Like she gave a shit about the gun collection that I was always told was mine when Dad checked-out.
The same went for the golf clubs, the neon bar sign collection, the hand tools, the antique beer mugs, the fishing equipment, his hand-tied fly collection, the bar sets, the vintage 5 HP Johnson boat motor given to me by my Granddad but kept and used by my father. All his welding equipment. My archery gear I left here for safekeeping until such time I came back to retrieve it. The full Clap-On mechanic's toolset. The wheat-back penny collections. The war coins collections. More carpentry power tools out in the garage…
Gone. All gone. Scattered to the four winds.
I walked upstairs, told Esme to get Khris. We’re going back to the hotel.
No goodbyes, no adios’, we just left. I was too crushed and hurt to even think straight.
I’m not that much of a materialist, but I sure would have liked one or two mementos of my father’s life.
Esme tells me that she’s more than pissed and she’s going to have it out with Kats. Jer can just damn well give back all that shit that he has appropriated.
“Nah, Es. Don’t bother.” I said, in abject surrender. “It’s not worth it. I have you and Khris, Lady and that stupid cat, why do I need anything else?”
I spent the next day blowing the living shit out of dolomitized limestone at the quarry. It was cathartic.
The Silurian reef was still there but had been nibbled some around the edges. The new owners knew who I was and welcomed me most heartily. I asked if there was something they needed destroyed and were glad for the free help.
I spent a fair portion of the day going over the inventory in the Shooter’s Shack. It had seen a number of blasters here as they just couldn’t keep one employed for more than six months.
The sloppy shack showed this.
I wrote up an inventory for them to bring it back to specs and they let me loose out in the yard. They needed some 80 cubic yards of fill and were worrying about that since their last shooter disappeared.
There were ample shot holes already drilled so I spent a good time packing them with binaries and dynamite. Only going to get one shot at this, may as well make it a good one.
Three kilos of PLX, the new liquid binary, a half-stick of 60% Extra Fast as an actuator. Blasting cap, super boosters, and the big red shiny button. They called the police and fire departments letting them know that Doctor Rock was back in town. The news went out over the radio.
“He’s back.”
“Raise the red flag! I shouted. The flag was raised.
The compass was cleared. The klaxon sounded three times.
FIRE IN THE HOLE! x3.
The west and north walls receded some 45 meters each.
I have to admit, it felt good.
Esme, Khris and I visit my mother one last time before going back to Houston. There was the inevitable histrionics, crying, weeping, wailing, and grief display.
We all thought it odd as my mother and father did nothing but fight. It was surreal seeing her venture into this imaginary land she’s constructed for herself.
Kats and Jer show up and as much as Es wanted to rip Jer a new one, I told her to just let it go. It wasn’t worth the effort.
A few hours later, we at Esme’s Mom’s place. It overlooks the greatest of the great lakes from a 19th-floor vantage. It’s a good place to go, sink a few drinks, sit on the veranda, smoke a cigar, and watch life parade on by.
After a lovely knockwurst and sauerkraut dinner, we’re back in the hotel, packing for tomorrow’s trip home. Khris just had her dinner and was snoring soundly. Esme and I finish packing and I sit on the bed, obviously depressed and dejected.
“Rock, what’s the matter, other than the obvious?” Esme asks.
“I can’t really put my finger on it. I’ll miss my Dad but I’m not at all choked up by his passing. I never really realized what a grand parade of buffoons I have as extended family. The appropriation of all my Father’s stuff. Even my outboard motor that Jer dropped in the lake. I don’t know if I can just let everything go as I said earlier. The memories of capricious punishments, being locked in that damn closet for those long hours, even if I didn’t really do anything. The belted beatings until I grew larger than him. The total ignoring of all this by my Mother. Her insistence of working at the damned catalog store and leaving me on my own from the fourth grade onward. Damn, now I’m really depressed.” I say.
“That was then. This is now.” Es offers by way of explanation.
I know”, I say, “I have to focus on you and Khris. I’m going to make a deal with you. All this is past. It cannot be changed. It’s gone. Poof! Finito. I’m leaving it here in the hotel loo, flushing and promising never to look back.”
With that Esme hugs the stuffing out of me.
“Go down to the lounge. Have a drink and a cigar. Sort it all out and leave it all there.” She advises.
I do so and upon my return to the room, I feel relieved and emotionally pounds lighter.
The trip home was nothing spectacular. On-time flights, easy luggage, except for Khris’ accouterments. We cab it back to our home and I’m steamrolled by Lady as I open the door.
The cat ignores me.
I decided that since it’s a Thursday, I’ll return to work Monday and just take a mental health day tomorrow.
Friday I call Digger. He tells me that the Nova is fixed, and I should come over for a look.
I take a cab as its really difficult driving two cars home at once.
I walk into Digger’s garage, and right past the Nova. I didn’t even recognize it, he’d done that much work on the old thing.
New rims and sporty tires. A new metal flake fire-apple red paint job. Reupholstered seats.
“Digger, what the actual fuck?” I ask, “I thought you were just going to pop in a new engine?”
“Well, it’s like this Rock…” he explains.
He explains he has another customer that always wanted an older model Nova. Since mine was here, he sort of followed the other guy’s wishes.
“What? What the hell you playing at, Dig?” I ask.
“OK, here’s the deal. He’ll pay for all the restoration work.” He tells me as he motions me over to a large pickup sitting in his shop.
“He wants to trade you even up for this here truck.” He explains.
It’s a GMC one-ton, a few years newer than the Nova. It’s in great shape with a brand new eight-cylinder engine and four-speed transmission. Nice, new, wide all-terrain tires. Step cap over the truck’s bed. Built-in metal toolbox. Air shocks. Oh, cool; it’s four-wheel drive, with a lift kit. Twin saddle gas tanks and one in the rear. And I even like the color.
“You took a hell of a chance here, Digger”, I smile.
“I know you. Out in the field all the time in that funky Nova. Now here’s a real geologist’s truck. It’s even got enough cab space for Lady to ride with you up front.” He smiles.
“There is that…” as I stroke my beard in contemplation.
“Well?” dig asks.
I fire up a cigar, shake his hand, and say “Done deal.”
I hoped Khris wasn’t asleep when I returned home and laid on the horn. She wasn’t and Es and she come outside to see my new ride.
“What happened to the Nova?” she asks.
“I swapped it for this. Free and clear. Here’s the title.” I say.
“That was my car”, Esme pouts.
“No, our car. Or did you want to pay the $9k Digger put into it?” I replied.
“I’m just teasing you. You know that. It’s a hell of a truck, it’s huge. Gonna be a gas hog.” Esme notes.
“Like Digger said: ‘A real Geologist’s truck’”, I tell her.
“That’s right. Now you can quit using my 4-Runner on those sloppy rig and outcrop visits.” Es says.
“Precisely. See how that all works out?” I smile.
We both chuckle our way back into the house.
Back at work, things are deteriorating due to the cratering of oil prices. My budget’s been slashed again. Not six wells this year, only three. The lab’s basically on hiatus. Layoffs are happening everywhere.
I get a call from Agents Rack and Ruin. They want to meet for lunch.
At the bar-be-que place we meet, get lunch, and have an extended chat. They drop all sorts of hints that they know of a company that’s getting into the Soviet Union. The wall hadn’t fallen yet, but they somehow managed to work a deal to drill some exploration wells way the hell and back out in Eastern Siberia.
“Why are you telling me all this?” I ask.
“They need an Exploration Manager. We need someone with foreign experience. It’s a match made in…” Agent ruin continues.
“...your duplicitous little minds.” I finish the simile for him, smiling.
Please, Doctor, give it some thought” Agent Rack says, sliding me a small local oil company’s business card.
“OK, I will. I’ll let you know when I make a decision.” I say.
“Oh, we’ll know.” Agent Ruin smiles back.
We part and I return home to tell Esme of the new developments.
“If you take that job, you’ll be away from home for extended periods,” Esme says.
“Yeah, I know. But with the new salary, you could quit your job and be a full-time Mommy.” I reply.
“Yes, I know. But is it safe?” she asks.
“Safe as houses, or Rack and Ruin wouldn’t have put me onto this position” I reply.
“OK, Rock, if that’s what you want…” she says.
“No! None of that. What do you want?” I say.
“I want you happy in your job and you stay here,” she says, “But that’s not going to happen. Oh, well, new horizons. I think you should take the new job.”
“Are you 100% certain?” I ask, “It’ll be one helluva big change.”
“Yeah, I’m sure. Khris is getting older and she’s so well behaved. If you can do it, I can do it. Let’s both do it.” She declares.
“Plus, I’ll be home, with pay, equal to the number of days I‘m overseas. Maybe we can plan that second addition to our family you so want.” I agree.
“Oh, Rock” Esme declares, “Really?”
“You bet,” I say.
So, early the next month, I‘ve accepted the new job with Beach Petroleum and resign from my position with Nocono. We’re allowed to keep the house, clear, as the company no longer supplies housing for executives. They just want the hell out of that business.
It’ll be a couple of months for the visas and work permits come through for me, so I’m off doing some freelance blasting in the meantime.
Lady now goes with me and is a hit at every one of my jobs. She takes to being a rig dog like a duck to water. She’s a lot of company on long trips around the Southwest.
I get gigs at some quarries, gravel and sand pits and doing some demolition work. Mostly rural stuff, barns, silos and the like. Its good money, I’m out in the field and just waiting on my visa to get back to the USSR.
I return home after demolishing three tall silos over in the next state. Lady romps up and almost creams Esme.
Esme hands me a package from the Soviet Consulate. It’s my Russian Diplomatic passport, multiple entry visa and letters of invitation. With that, I’m set to go east. Far East.
I call my new company and am told I can go at any time now. Within the next two weeks would be preferred. I say I can be ready in a couple of days, would that suffice?
“Excellent, Doctor. You’ll fly to Amsterdam, then Moscow, then Krasnoyarsk. You will meet with Dr. Naftavaje Radovišča of Eniseigeofizika there. We’ll hotshot your plane tickets over to your house.” My new boss, John O’D, says.
As I’m packing, Khris is trying to ride Lady again like the horse she is. Esme walks in and helps me pack, going over the checklist from the consulate.
“Oh, one other thing, Rock. Before you go”, Es says.
“Yes, m’dear?” I reply.
“I’m pregnant.” She smiles.
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2019.10.30 06:41 NonnyNu 😺Daily Recat😺 – SUNDAY 10/27

😺Daily Recat😺 – SUNDAY 10/27

Say, “Cheese!” (Credit Justin Lim.)
(DAILY RECATTM) [SUNDAY 10/27]
See list of prior RecatsTM here. Please visit the Hong Kong Protest Live Feed for up-to-the-moment news sourced from Hong Kong.
[NEW as of 10/21] Recommended English translated article here, “Concern about newly-introduced teargas on whether it would release toxic substances when in high-temperature state.”

Worth Your Attention

* Full video of how the commotion started showing that the crowds were peaceful until a stream of riot police charged at a man waving two flags. Eyewitness account by Kong Tsung-gan (see the entire Twitter thread) on how the peaceful protest at Salisbury Garden turned violent.
* Interview of paramedic describing how he and his team were blocked from giving medical care to an arrestee (here, note that the interview occurs at 17:08 on the Apple Daily live stream). Another clip with translation showing arrestee slumped over and police not allowing medics to check. Arrestee was eventually taken away in a private car.
* Full video of police firing a teargas round as they depart from an area (as they have been doing routinely). Except this teargas round is shot on the level and zooms between the heads of several pedestrians in the crowd, bounces off the metal door of a shop with a loud clang, and rolls into a pharmacy, gassing everyone in the process. Protestors and medics run in to help the pharmacy employees and shoppers who were not wearing masks. See also this.
* Passerby was stopped on the road and forced to turn around and walk in opposite direction. When she turned to ask police not to touch her, police pepper sprayed her square in the face.
* HK Free Press article, “Broken bones, blisters and bruises: Hong Kong underground clinic volunteers grapple with influx of protest injuries.”
* Stand News article, “A Youngster’s Leg Fractured by Teargas.” (English translation here.)

New Laws, Legal Challenges, and Elections

* (RTHK) After two of its reporters were injured on 10/27, RTHK demanded that HK Police disclose the identities of the officers who attacked and ripped off the face mask of one of its reporters and that HK Police actively investigate the incident.

Events and Announcements

* 10/28 at 8pm HKT: 21st Citizens’ Press Conference

Arrests / Sentences / Releases

* Health Bureau re 10/27: 35 sent to hospital (30 males, 5 females, aged 13-63 years). One male is in serious condition in Kwong Wah Hospital.
* Citizens counted more than 200 individuals arrested. Montage of some arrestees here.

Missing Persons / Bodies

* (Sheung Shui) A shrine for unsuspicious deaths.
* Missing since 8/31: Cheung Yau-heng, resident of Kowloon City. Last seen protesting 8/31. On 9/3, he suddenly withdrew out of all WhatsApp groups. Cheung has been missing for over a month and has not picked up his pay from his office.
* Missing since 8/11: Alexandra Wong, veteran HK protestor who always carried a large British flag, was last seen on 8/11 in the Tai Koo MTR station slumped against a wall.
* Missing since 10/9: Unknown, 16yo female last seen forced into a private vehicle near Tseung Kwan O near Sheung Tak Market.
* Missing since 10/13: Kwok Ka-ho, 22 male, last seen 8pm in Mong Kok.
* Missing since 10/20: Ngan Lai-yan, last seen around 5pm HK time, possibly arrested in Yau Ma Tei.

Police / Government Activities and Statements

* (Re-hires) Police plan to rehire 1,000 retired officers to handle protests.
* (Leaking protestor information) Bank manager leaked data to her husband, a policeman.
* (Teargas) Running hot and melting into pavement. Hit a shop sign and the sign caught on fire.
* (Kwun Tong Lennon Wall) In the early hours of 10/27, protestors spent a couple hours putting up outreach posters on the Lennon Wall tunnel. Police sealed both ends of the tunnel and arrested the protestors, confiscating their equipment for evidence, including a bucket of glue and some unused outreach posters. Reporters tried to record the incident but were shooed away by police. Later on, on the street near the Lennon Wall, police detained 8 passersby who were wholly unconnected to the protestors arrested inside the Lennon Wall tunnel. Two of the eight passersby were arrested for failure to have HK identification. (This is a translation of this Apple Daily Chinese language article.)
* (Operational ID) Police wear their daily assigned operational IDs instead of their own ID numbers. Some police were spotted with the PRC flag on their uniforms (here) but no warrant card number.
* (Withholding medical treatment) See here and here.
* (Teargas misuse) Excessive amounts used (here), fired directly at protestors (Human Rights Watch article re dangers); fired teargas as police van leaves, hit a shop wall at high velocity missing people’s heads by inches and then bounced into a pharmacy and gassed everyone in and around it (here, here, here, here); fired teargas or pepper spray at citizens with no gas masks (here, here, here, here, bus driver affected and had to stop the bus and let out the passengers, mom with two kids); fired teargas at citizens whom police have blocked in on all sides with nowhere to disperse (here); fired into enclosed areas (elevator lobby); fired at residential areas (here); fired at signs and catching them on fire (here); fired teargas as police leave (here, here, here); launched teargas right into traffic (here).
* (Water cannon) Blue liquid suspected to be toxic (government clean up crew wears hazmat suits to clean up). Control panel inside water cannon filmed and indicated that the Kowloon Mosque may have been deliberately targeted.
* (Targeting youngsters, children, or regular residents not doing anything apparently illegal) Drinking tea, bubble or otherwise (here, here); children not wearing black or masked (here, here, here); searched child’s backpack; searched man who does calligraphy on the streets (here); “Don’t fire, they’re all just residents in front of you.” (here); “We are all on the sidewalk, nobody’s in the street, why are you firing? Please respect us as residents here.” (here).
* (Unnecessary roughness) n-on-1 arrest (here, here); elderly woman beat over the head by baton (here, here); beat over the head with pepper spray can but saved by an elderly woman whom police also hit in the head (here, here, here); pepper sprayed ordinary citizens when protestors not around (here, here); shoved or verbally intimidated (here, here, here); pepper sprayed disabled person in a wheelchair (here); elderly man pushed to the ground (here); arrested while visiting a friend (here).
* (Targeting reporters, medics, firefighters) Verbal challenges (here); pepper sprayed (here); blocked reporting (here, here, here); flashed bright lights to prevent recording (here); Ronson Chan of Stand News hit by non-lethal round from retreating police vehicle (here, here); charged at reporters (here); pointed guns/rifles/pepperspray directly at reporters (here, here); blocked medics (here); teargas deployed in front of fire truck (here); another reporter hit by non-lethal round in foot (here); shoved and challenged reporters (here); fired teargas at reporters with no protestors around (here); freelance photographer May James arrested (here, here, here); forcibly removed the gas mask from a reporter’s face (here). See RTHK article.
* (Equipment and tactics) Surveillance helicopter; usedplain unmarked vehicles for transport (here, here, here, here); used MTR for transport (here, here, here, here, here and here and here re Mong Kok MTR station); used staff rooms at MTR stations marginally affected by protests (here); wore masks without helmets to hide identity (here).
* (Miscellaneous) Surrounded St. Teresa’s Hospital and blocked all exits. Took selfies. Pepper spray was laced with blue dye.
* (Ban on disclosure of police information) SCMP article regarding police who have been doxxed. Police insist that the ban is to protect police but does not explain how it would not negatively impact freedom of the press, but there is no provision in the ban language that excludes the press.

Protestor Activities and Status

* (Anti-Police Brutality Rally) Protestors began gathering at Salisbury Garden but police also began to gather there (here) and in the surrounding areas (here, here). The crowd was peaceful until the police arrived and began to selectively detain, search, and question certain protestors (all masked and young). None were arrested but outside on Salisbury Road / Nathan Road, police raised a blue flag. Before then, there were no protestors in the street and no intention to march. Then, a commotion happened on the sidewalk along Salisbury Road when a dozen police charged into the crowd and began pepper spraying. Police then began firing teargas there. See angles on the commotion on Salisbury Road that started the teargassing (here, here, here, here). The rally never even got started. The protestors dispersed and thus began a 10-hour long widespread conflict between the protestors and police.
* (Anti-Police Brutality Rally) Of note is that very few frontliners were present. The protestors in conflict with the police today were mostly middle aged wo lei fei (peaceful rational non-violent) who were NOT wearing gas masks (only regular fabric or paper face masks), and yet they were a lot more willing to verbally spar with the police (here). One spot that police occupied was directly in front of Chungking Mansions (during Diwali, here, here), leading protestors to station themselves in front of the Kowloon Mosque to defend it (here). Even The Peninsula Hotel opened its doors to shelter the public from teargas (here, here). (Owner Michael Kadoorie: “I have spoken many times of how our young people are Hong Kong’s future. ... We cannot leave them in desperation or despair. It is the responsibility of us all to rebuild trust in the community and create hope for the younger generation.”)
* (Anti-Police Brutality Rally) Coverage of the Anti-Police Brutality Rally and subsequent events captured in the Twitter threads of HK Free Press, Jerome Taylor, Kong Tsung-gan, Xinqi Su, Rachel Cheung, Hong Kong Hermit (lots of long videos in here documenting what happened, too much for two cats to catalogue), Alvin L.
* (Protestors doxxed) Site that doxes protestors has middle names, which are usually only available through government forms, leading to suspicion that leaks are coming from inside the government.
* (Support Yellow Shops) Protestors implemented the weekend plan to support yellow businesses (here, here).
* (Mainland aunties support HKers) A mainland auntie attempted to speak to riot police. She yelled: “Nobody trusts the police in mainland. They hurt our kids and the parents are too afraid to even make out a police report. You have kids, don’t be like those mainland police. The mainland police are corrupt and take a lot of protection money from the businessmen. Please have a conscience. [To fellow auntie: No, don’t yell at them, let’s be rational with them and speak calmly.] Don’t hurt the kids. [Bystander: You’re wasting your breath.]” Another two aunties sat down in front of a line of police in protest. One chastised police to their face, asking them, “If the CCP is so great, why are you sending your kids abroad instead of to the Greater Bay Area? The CCP is using you. They are bringing mainland police into HK to replace you because you are too expensive. I dare you not to believe me.”
* Man follows police and chastises them. This man is famous for doing this and it’s unclear why the police leave him alone. He has been doing this since the 2014 Umbrella Movement.
* (Teargas map) Map indicates all districts have now been teargassed.
* (Teargas grenade exploding shot) Here at 0:07.
* (Tseun Wan artwork showcase) Artwork showcase was displayed in the Lennon Wall tunnel, but later that day, the artwork was destroyed.
* (Injuries) See here, here.
* (Equipment and tactics) Serving plate as shield; teargas processing (here); threw stuff at police buses (here, here); leaf blower on teargas (here); tore down smart lampposts (here).
* (Lung Mun Cafe) Cafe releases CCTV footage of assailants destroying the cafe.
* (HK Polytechnic University) At the graduation ceremony for Ph.D. students, President Teng Jin-guang refused to shake the hands of graduates who wore masks (here, here).
* (HKU) Flyers removed.
* (Miscellaneous) Glory to Hong Kong sang at church. Stand with Uyghurs. Muslim Council thanks the protestors. Cranes.

Private Attacks and Private Resolutions

* (Argyle Street) Man in red and black striped shirt beaten, allegedly for photographing people’s faces.

Press Conferences / Statements / Reactions

* RTHK condemned the use of unnecessary force against reporters. HKJA chair Chris Yeung: “It doesn’t seem to us they are isolated or accidental. We are increasingly worried...that those are deliberate attempts by the police to now almost attack journalists at the scene.”
* (Shirley Kwan) Cantopop diva sets her classic to images of recent events.
* (Canadian Club of Hong Kong) Andrew Work, president of the Canadian Club of HK: “[Ottawa] can’t ignore Hong Kong. ... Whether it is Raptors fans or the 300,000 Canadians in Hong Kong, this issue cannot be avoided.” Sonia Ng, the CUHK student who removed her mask when talking about sexual abuse she and others suffered at the hands of the police, holds a Canadian passport.
* StandingWithHK: LGBT in Taiwan (council member Ray Chan is the first out legislator in HK), bookstore in Taipei.
* (University of York, UK) Lennon wall removed because mainland Chinese students complained.
* (NYTimes) Free speech on campuses. Protestors.

Miscellaneous

* HK businesses filing up to HK$600 million in damages from vandalism and arson suffered during protests.
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2019.10.04 02:45 NonnyNu 🐱Daily Recat🐱 -- WEDNESDAY 10/2

(DAILY RECATTM) [10/2 WEDNESDAY – not in chronological order]
See list of prior RecatsTM here.
Recommended English translated article here, “High School Student Bludgeoned by Raptors Received 3 Head Wounds, 14 Stitches, Unforgettable Pain” (Mingpao).
NOTE: Protests were occurring all over Hong Kong on 10/2 demanding that HK Police Force be disbanded, and we highlight the most significant ones in this recap. Protest locations include at least the following:
Arrests / Detentions / Releases
10/1 Revelations
10/2 Protest Activities
Anti-Protest Activities
Press Conferences / Statements / Reactions
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